Flashcards in Reflexive Verbs 02 Deck (40):
odiarse (reciprocal reflexive)
to hate one another
quererse (reciprocal reflexive)
to love each other
saludarse (reciprocal reflexive)
to say hello to each other, to greet each other
verse (reciprocal reflexive)
to see each other
Ayer mi novio y yo nos vimos, pero no nos saludamos.
Yesterday my boyfriend and I saw each other, but we didn’t say hello (to each other).
Nos llamamos por teléfono dos veces por semana.
We phone each other twice a week.
Ya no nos queremos.
We don’t love each other any more.
Cuando éramos jóvenes nos escribíamos cartas de amor.
When we were young we wrote love letters to each other.
Los lunes, Miguel y yo nos encontramos en la biblioteca para estudiar.
On Mondays, Miguel and I meet each other at the library to study.
Después de un largo abrazo, por fin se despidieron.
After a long hug, they finally said goodbye to each other.
Las dos amigas se decían confidencias.
The two friends said confidences to each other.
Sus padres se conocieron en Vietnam.
Her parents met in Vietnam.
Elena y yo nos conocemos desde el instituto.
Elena and I know each other since high school.
Los amantes se besan en varias escenas de la película.
The lovers kiss each other in several scenes of the movie.
Los padres de Javier todavía se aman como el primer día.
Javier’s parents still love each other like the first day.
Juan y Anamaría se abrazan.
Juan y Anamaría hug each other.
what is a passive reflexive sentence? (3 elements)
- introduced by the reflexive pronoun "se" and
- consists of a subject in third person, singular or plural, and
- a verb that agrees with it in number
passive reflexive sentences can only be made using what kind of a verb?
a transitive verb
What is the main point of a passive reflexive sentence? Why?
to hide the subject so the action focuses on the verb and not the person who performs the action.
so the action focuses on the verb and not the person who performs the action
What type of sentence is this ... Los legisladores aprobaron las reformas
A transitive sentence, "The lawmakers approved the reforms"
What type of sentence is this ... Las reformas fueron aprobadas por los legisladores.
A passive sentence, " The reforms were approved by the lawmakers."
What type of sentence is this ... Se aprobaron las reformas.
A passive reflexive, " Reforms were approved.'
Why is the subject hidden in this passive reflexive sentence ... Se oyeron unos gritos horripilantes en la calle.
to focus attention on the horrifying scream rather than who heard it ie people on the street, " A horrifying scream was heard on the street (by people = implicit)"
What are impersonal reflexive sentences?
Sentences that do not have an explicit or implicit subject,
How is an impersonal reflexive sentence different from a passive reflexive sentence?
In the case of a passive reflexive sentence there is a subject you just want to hide it, in the case of an impersonal reflexive sentence there is no subject
What are the 3 rules for an impersonal reflexive verb?
(I) always use "se" ie 3rd person singular
(ii) the reflexive pronoun se doesn't have to agree with the object which comes after it
(iii) can make an impersonal reflexive verb out of any verb
What is the main purpose of an impersonal reflexive verb sentence?
to make a general statement without revealing who should perform the action.
Se puede fumar... What type of reflexive?
Impersonal reflexive, "Smoking is allowed"
En esta biblioteca no se puede estudiar... What type of reflexive?
Impersonal reflexive, "One can't study in this library."
Se alquila habitación.... What type of reflexive?
Impersonal reflexive, "Room for rent."
Four differences of impersonal reflexive to passive reflexive?
The verb is always singular
The verb can be an intransitive verb
There is no agent object
The subject is universal; that means no one knows who performs the action specifically although it could be performed by anybody
What is the purpose of "se emotivo" pronouns?
They add to the action a sense of completion, but they do not serve a grammatical purpose.
What types of verbs are "se emotive" pronouns usually added?
It is usually related to
(I) verbs of consumption,
(ii) verbs that indicate a process that shows the consumption of an object
What does adding an se emotive pronoun to a consumption verb do?
It intensifies the meaning
8 consumption type verbs which se emotive pronoun used with ...
gastar (to use as in consume/use up eg fuel)
apostar (to bet)
Do se emotivo pronouns have separate forms to agree with the object?
yes, me, te, se, nos, os, se
where are se emotive pronouns placed relative to the verb? before or after?
Se bebió una botella de vino.
He drank UP the bottle of wine
Estaba tan nerviosa que se fumó todo un paquete.
She was so nervous that she smoked a WHOLE pack.