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Flashcards in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Deck (164)
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61

What does RIASEC stand for?

Realistic
Investigative
Artistic
Social
Enterprising
Conventional

62

What is the self-directed search?

It's a tool used in John Holland's career theory in which an individual ends up with a 1 to 3 letter code that represents their work preferences (RIASEC code)

63

What is congruence according to John Holland?

The match between your personality and the job environment

64

What is consistency according to John Holland?

How consistent your RIASEC code is. It's determined by how close your first two codes are on the hexagon and is related to increased job stability.

65

What is differentiation according to John Holland?

How distinct your RIASEC profile is

66

How distinct your personality profile is, according to John Holland is called ____________

Differentiation

67

How consistent your RIASEC code is as determined by how close the first two codes are on the hexagon is termed _______________

Consistency

68

What is the term for John Holland's match between your personality and job environment?

Congruence

69

Explain Donald Super's Career Theory

Super developed the career rainbow, which explains changes that occur from career entry to retirement. He believes that career patterns are affected by SES, abilities, personality, and opportunities to which you are exposed. He believed that we all have numerous different life roles we experience as we strive to develop a career into which we integrate these multiple roles. He believed we express our self-concept through our choice of career.

70

According to Donald Super, how is self-concept expressed?

Through one's choice of career

71

What are Super's 5 stages of career development?

Growth
Exploration
Establishment
Maintenance
Decline

72

According to Super, what is career maturity?

The ability to master tasks of one stage before moving onto the next stage.

73

What is Super's term for the ability to master tasks of one stage before moving onto the next stage?

Career Maturity

74

Explain John Krumboltz's career theory

It's a social learning theory that states career development is based on social learning. We choose careers based on what we learn through modeling and reinforcement.

75

Explain Tiedman and O'Hara's career theory

This theory focuses on the opposed process of differentiation and integration. It focuses on decision making, as decisions structure career development.

76

What did Tiedman and O'Hara mean by Differentiation?

Being able to make distinctions about ourselves and our environments. Who are we compared to others? What are the components of specific jobs?

77

What did Tiedman and O'Hara mean by Integration?

Unifying what we know about ourselves and our jobs to make better decisions

78

According to Tiedman and O'Hara, what are the 2 stages of every decision?

Anticipating
Implementing and Adjusting

79

Explain Schein's career theory

This is Career anchor Theory, which states that a person's self-concepts acts to anchor or stabilize them in terms of their career decisions

80

What is theory X?

Scientific Management Approach
Leaders believe people are no more than an extension of a machine. People are considered inherently lazy, dishonest, and stupid, so leaders are autocratic, aggressive, and use physical intimidation

81

What is Theory Y?

The Human Relations Approach
This puts more focus on people than productivity

82

What is the Scientific Management Approach?

Leaders believe people are no more than an extension of a machine. People are considered inherently lazy, dishonest, and stupid, so leaders are autocratic, aggressive, and use physical intimidation

83

The Hawthorne Study affected which management style/approach?

Human Relations Approach (Theory Y)

84

What was the purpose of the Hawthorne study?

To determine how environment factors affect productivity

85

What did the Hawthorne study find?

Psychological factors had a greater impact on job productivity than physical factors

86

What is the Hawthorne Effect?

Behavior changes when being observed

87

What is the term for behavior change as a result of being observed?

The Hawthorne Effect

88

What are the 3 types of leaders?

Authoritarian
Autocratic/Democratic
Lassaiz-Faire

89

What leadership style leads to increased productivity?

Authoritarian and Autocratic

90

According to reward and punishment theories, what is linked to greater job productivity and satisfaction?

Performance contingent rewards/punishments