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Flashcards in Industrial/Organizational Psychology Deck (164)
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121

What is ERG Theory?

This theory suggests three needs: Existence, Relatedness, and Growth. If one need is met, it may become stronger.

122

What are the 3 needs in ERG theory?

Existence
Relatedness
Growth

123

What is Machlellan's Acquired Needs Theory?

There are three needs: Need for Achievement, Need for Affiliation, and Need for Power, which are achieved over time.

124

Which 3 needs are explained in Machlellan's Acquired Needs Theory?

Need for Achievement
Need for Affiliation
Need for Power

125

What are some cognitive theories of motivation?

VIE Theory
Equity Theory
Goal Setting Approach

126

What is VIE Theory?

Also known as General Expectancy Theory or Valence Instrumentality Expectancy Theory. It states that what motivates us is based on how we perceive 3 things, our expectancy of success, our expectation of a reward, and the value of the reward expected. All need to be present to be motivated.

127

What is Valence in VIE theory?

The value of the reward expected

128

What is Instrumentality in VIE Theory?

The expectation of a reward

129

What is Expectancy in VIE theory?

The expectation of success

130

What is Equity Theory?

Judging our input and output relative to others to determine if our output is equitable. Inequity is motivating and will cause us to adjust our performance.

131

You are working in PSU and seeing 20 clients each week. Your co-worker, who earns the same pay as you, sees 10 clients a week. According to equity theory, what is likely to happen?

You are likely to begin seeing less clients.

132

What are the 5 principles of Goal Setting Approach?

Setting Specific Goals
Intermediate to High Level of Difficulty
Workers need Feedback
Self-Efficacy Affects Performance
Employees need to Accept the Goals

133

What has the greatest effect on job satisfaction?

Genetics

134

How does pay relate to job satisfaction?

Can lead to dissatisfaction, but not satisfaction

135

How does Age relate to job satisfaction?

The older we get, the more satisfied we are likely to be

136

How does gender affect job satisfaction?

It doesn't

137

How does race affect job satisfaction?

Whites appear more satisfied than minorities, which is most significant at the management level

138

What are the effects of occupational level on job satisfaction?

Higher occupational level is related to more satisfaction

139

What is Organizational Development?

It's based on the idea that organizations constantly need to self-monitor and self-assess to plan for change. Strengths and weaknesses are assessed to determine the ability of the organization to cope with change from the outside environment. Lots of money is spent on this with very little effect.

140

What is an additive task?

The performance of all group members is combined for a single result

141

What is a disjunctive task?

A task in which the outcome is affected by only the strongest or most effective member

142

What is a conjunctive task?

A task in which the group's overall accomplishment is limited by the least effective person

143

What characteristics lead to more cohesive groups?

Similar Personalities
Smaller Size
Less Diversity
Team Rewards
Outside Pressures
Difficulty Joining the Group
Frequent Interactions

144

What is risky shift?

The tendency for people in part of a group to make a riskier decision than if they were to make the decision as an individual

145

What is the term for the tendency for people in part of a group to make a riskier decision than if they were to make the decision as an individual

Risky Shift

146

What is Response Polarization?

Having a view become more extreme when in the presence of like-minded individuals

147

What is the term for having a view become more extreme when in the presence of like-minded individuals?

Response Polarization

148

What are the effects of a compressed workweek?

Reduced anxiety and turnover
Increased Satisfaction
No effect on Productivity

149

What are the effects of flex time?

May increase morale and productivity
Decreases absenteeism and turnover

150

What is the most effective way to increase safety on the work site?

Safety Incentive Programs