Flashcards in Italian Renaissance Deck (18)
Three Stages of Italian Renaissance
1. Early Renaissance
2. High Renaissance and Mannerism
3. Baroque and Rococo
This period depended from the interest of the individual fancy of Sculptors and painters. It also relied on the accurate transcription of Roman Elements and their use in contemporary buildings which lead to Palladian Architecture.
Architect of Medici Palace - Palazzo Ricardi
Architect of Sta. Maria Novella
Architect of the Foundling Hospital
His distinct style is to create art forms consistent with the appearance of the natural world and with their experience of human personality and behaviour.
In this period, it increased the dramatic force and physical presence of a work of art and gathering its energies and forming a controlled equilibrium.
High Renaissance and Proto-Baroque
This period saw a well-stocked of grand churches and noble palaces.
Architectural Character of Baroque
1. Orders are laid one on top of the other
2. Entablatures are heavily ornate and advance or recede in response to columnar arrangement below
3. Pediments are segmental, triangular broken are placed within the other
4. Attics mounts over the attic
5. Balustrades with reiterated dies
6. Cartouches, heraldic emblems and other ornaments are used
7. Concealed Windows are applied for light and dramatic effect
8. Interiors were conceived in terms of spatial volume rather than complex of individual surfaces
Early Renaissance in Rome was introduced by ___.
Pope Nicholas V
Example of Early Renaissance in Rome
Peruzzi showed scholarly appreciation of ancient architecture and at the same time manifested individuality
High Renaissance and Mannerism
Architects of St. Peter's Basilica
2. Guiliano da Sangallo
3. Fra Giocondo
5. Baldassare Peruzzi
6. Antonio da Sangallo
8. Giacomo della Porta
9. Domenico Fontana
11. Carlo Maderna
the impressive, opulent , loud character of the Baroque period became progressively more refined and subtle over time which lead to the development of this style.
The style was succeeded with this style when the designers went back to ancient models. Architectural character then became austere, following the reproduction of Greek architecture of simplicity and imitation of Gothic romantic approach.
Renaissance in Italy- developed from_____
Example of Early Renaissance in Venice
Palazzo della Loggia