Flashcards in Japanese Architecture Deck (67)
the way of the gods oldest religion.
god present in nature
THE SUN GODDESS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT KAMI
in Japanese term means pottery . Inhabitants were skillful in the art of pottery making with cord motif
o Circular shape
o Floor- earth with pith covered with stone served as place for fire for heating and cooking
o Walls- thatched made of grass o Structural- tree parts as pillars
Tataena-shiki (Pit House)
large burial mounds for the Japanese nobility during the time of Yamato-the name given to the period in
Shogun was introduced –military generals to combat barbarians of the north
the standard style and method of temple building at the end Heian period.
Period where tea ceremony (chanoyu) were held in tea houses (chasitsu) were constructed
Tea ceremony was introduced by Buddhist monk Eichu to temper the extravagant aristocrats and to serve soldiers
A SYSTEM OF SUPPORTING BLOCKS AND BRACKETS SUPPORTING THE EAVES OF A JAPANESE BUILDING, USUALLY PART OF A BUDDHIST TEMPLE OR SHINTO SHRINE.
PLANT ROOFING TILES AND A TYPE
OF CYPRESS CALLED _____ WERE
PERIOD THAT THE HIDDEN ROOF, A
USED FOR ROOFS
IT IS COMPOSED OF A TRUE ROOF ABOVE AND A SECOND ROOF BENEATH, PERMITTING AN OUTER ROOF OF STEEP PITCH TO HAVE EAVES OF SHALLOW PITCH, JUTTING WIDELY FROM THE WALLS BUT WITHOUT OVERHANGING THEM
THERE IS A SIDE OF ROOFING THAT EXTENDS OUT AND UP FROM EACH SIDE OF THE RECTANGULAR STRUCTURE. PARTWAY UP TWO OF THE SHORTER OPPOSITE SIDES ARE STOPPED AND THE REMAINING TWO CONTINUE TO THE TOP WHERE THEY ARE JOINED.
THE SIMPLEST KIND OF ROOF.
TWO SIDES JOINED AT THE TOP TO COVER THE BUILDING.
ONE OF THE TYPES OF ROOFS USED IN THE JAPANESE TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE, ESPECIALLY FOR THE BUDDHIST CONSTRUCTIONS.
A HIPPED ROOF. A THE ROOF THAT DESCENDS FROM THE RIDGE ON FOUR SIDES OF A RECTANGULAR BUILDING.
• “PALACE OF THE GOD/S”
• TO ENSHRINE A KAMI (GOD, 神)
• BUDDHIST IN ORIGIN
• LOCATED NEAR ROCKS, WATERFALLS, OR IN ISLANDS AND MOUNTAINS TO ATTRACT KAMI.
THE ENTRANCE TO THE SACRED AREA
• MADE OF WOOD, STONE, METAL, CONCRETE OR ANY MATERIAL.
• A SHRINE CAN HAVE ANY NUMBER
THE ROAD APPROACHING THE SHRINE.
• MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE SHRINE’S TERRITORY.
• THERE CAN ALSO BE STONE LANTERNS AND ANY OTHER DECORATIONS ALONG THE PATHWAY.
• BEFORE ENTERING THE
SHRINE, VISITORS ARE TO WASH THEIR HANDS AND MOUTHS
TRADITIONAL LATERN MADE OF STONE, WOOD OR METAL
THE FACILITIES WHERE DAY-TO- DAY SHRINE MANAGEMENT IS CONDUCTED.
WOODEN PLAQUES BEARING PRAYERS OR WISHES.
SMALL OR MINIATURE SHRINES ENTRUSTED TO THE CARE OF A LARGER SHRINE, GENERALLY DUE TO SOME DEEP CONNECTION WITH THE ENSHRINED KAMI
STATUE PAIRS OF LION-LIKE CREATURES EITHER GUARDING THE ENTRANCE OR THE INNER SHRINE.
HALL OF WORSHIP OR ORATORY
• IT IS PLACED IN FRONT OF THE SHRINE'S MAIN SANCTUARY
Sacred part of the Shinto shrine where kami, represented by statue or mirror, is enshrined.
Located at the back away from public. Only priest are allowed to use the hall.
A FENCE SURROUNDING THE SHRINE.
• MADE OF A VARIETY OF MATERIALS
INCLUDING WOOD, STONE AND — IN RECENT YEARS —
The centerpiece of an ancient Buddhist temple's garan (compound) in Japan.
• Housing the main object of worship