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Flashcards in Japanese Architecture Deck (67)
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1

the way of the gods oldest religion.

Shinto

2

god present in nature

Kami

3

THE SUN GODDESS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT KAMI

Amaterasu

4

in Japanese term means pottery . Inhabitants were skillful in the art of pottery making with cord motif

Jomon

5

o Circular shape
o Floor- earth with pith covered with stone served as place for fire for heating and cooking
o Walls- thatched made of grass o Structural- tree parts as pillars

Tataena-shiki (Pit House)

6

large burial mounds for the Japanese nobility during the time of Yamato-the name given to the period in
Japan.

Kofun

7

Shogun was introduced –military generals to combat barbarians of the north

Heian Period

8

the standard style and method of temple building at the end Heian period.

Wayo Style

9

Period where tea ceremony (chanoyu) were held in tea houses (chasitsu) were constructed
Tea ceremony was introduced by Buddhist monk Eichu to temper the extravagant aristocrats and to serve soldiers

Muromachi period

10

A SYSTEM OF SUPPORTING BLOCKS AND BRACKETS SUPPORTING THE EAVES OF A JAPANESE BUILDING, USUALLY PART OF A BUDDHIST TEMPLE OR SHINTO SHRINE.

Tokyo

11

PLANT ROOFING TILES AND A TYPE
OF CYPRESS CALLED _____ WERE
PERIOD THAT THE HIDDEN ROOF, A
USED FOR ROOFS

Hinoki

12

IT IS COMPOSED OF A TRUE ROOF ABOVE AND A SECOND ROOF BENEATH, PERMITTING AN OUTER ROOF OF STEEP PITCH TO HAVE EAVES OF SHALLOW PITCH, JUTTING WIDELY FROM THE WALLS BUT WITHOUT OVERHANGING THEM

Hidden Roof

13

THERE IS A SIDE OF ROOFING THAT EXTENDS OUT AND UP FROM EACH SIDE OF THE RECTANGULAR STRUCTURE. PARTWAY UP TWO OF THE SHORTER OPPOSITE SIDES ARE STOPPED AND THE REMAINING TWO CONTINUE TO THE TOP WHERE THEY ARE JOINED.

Irimoya Roof

14

THE SIMPLEST KIND OF ROOF.
TWO SIDES JOINED AT THE TOP TO COVER THE BUILDING.

Kirizuma

15

ONE OF THE TYPES OF ROOFS USED IN THE JAPANESE TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE, ESPECIALLY FOR THE BUDDHIST CONSTRUCTIONS.

Hogyo

16

A HIPPED ROOF. A THE ROOF THAT DESCENDS FROM THE RIDGE ON FOUR SIDES OF A RECTANGULAR BUILDING.

Yosemune

17

• “PALACE OF THE GOD/S”
• TO ENSHRINE A KAMI (GOD, 神)
• BUDDHIST IN ORIGIN
• LOCATED NEAR ROCKS, WATERFALLS, OR IN ISLANDS AND MOUNTAINS TO ATTRACT KAMI.

Shinto Shrines

18

THE ENTRANCE TO THE SACRED AREA
• MADE OF WOOD, STONE, METAL, CONCRETE OR ANY MATERIAL.
• A SHRINE CAN HAVE ANY NUMBER

Torii

19

THE ROAD APPROACHING THE SHRINE.
• MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE SHRINE’S TERRITORY.
• THERE CAN ALSO BE STONE LANTERNS AND ANY OTHER DECORATIONS ALONG THE PATHWAY.

Sando

20

WATER-FILLED BASINS
• BEFORE ENTERING THE
SHRINE, VISITORS ARE TO WASH THEIR HANDS AND MOUTHS

Chozuya

21

TRADITIONAL LATERN MADE OF STONE, WOOD OR METAL

Toro

22

THE FACILITIES WHERE DAY-TO- DAY SHRINE MANAGEMENT IS CONDUCTED.

Shamusho

23

WOODEN PLAQUES BEARING PRAYERS OR WISHES.

Ema

24

SMALL OR MINIATURE SHRINES ENTRUSTED TO THE CARE OF A LARGER SHRINE, GENERALLY DUE TO SOME DEEP CONNECTION WITH THE ENSHRINED KAMI

Sessha/Masha

25

STATUE PAIRS OF LION-LIKE CREATURES EITHER GUARDING THE ENTRANCE OR THE INNER SHRINE.

Koma

26

HALL OF WORSHIP OR ORATORY
• IT IS PLACED IN FRONT OF THE SHRINE'S MAIN SANCTUARY

Haiden

27

Sacred part of the Shinto shrine where kami, represented by statue or mirror, is enshrined.
Located at the back away from public. Only priest are allowed to use the hall.

Honden

28

A FENCE SURROUNDING THE SHRINE.
• MADE OF A VARIETY OF MATERIALS
INCLUDING WOOD, STONE AND — IN RECENT YEARS —
CONCRETE.

Tamagaki

29

The centerpiece of an ancient Buddhist temple's garan (compound) in Japan.
• Housing the main object of worship

Kondo

30

The most important gate of the temple
• The size is the indicater of the
temple’s status
• The fact that the gate has

Sanmon