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Flashcards in Chinese Architecture Deck (86)
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1

- Planning and drawing for the city
- Imperial gardens and royal graves
were constructed

Xia, Shang, Zhou

2

Construction of Great Wall

Han

3

Multi-storied wood towers

Han

4

Application of bricks and stone arches

Han

5

Roads and irrigations were constructed

Han

6

Technique in timber structure was developed (pillar-beam system)

Han

7

Development of literati garden

Wei, Jin

8

Development of high-rise timber frame

Wei, Jin

9

Application of bricks became popular

Sui, Tang

10

Earliest big open shoulder arch stone bridge

Sui, Tang

11

Use of ancient Chinese architectural codes

Song

12

Formal archiectural; drawings

Song

13

Use of “cai” or building standards

cai

14

Street lane system of city planning

Yuan

15

Public and private garden

Yuan

16

Buddhist temples and Islamic mosques-

Yuan

17

large scale architecture

Ming and Qing

18

Construction of the Forbidden
City

Ming and Qing

19

Use of architectural specifications

Ming and Qing

20

Increased production of glazed tiles

Ming and Qing

21

Five Main Characteristics of Chinese Architecture

1. Unity of structures with architectural art
2. Good anti-seismic function
3. High degree of standardization
4. Bright colors
5. Arrangement of buildings

22

Structural Concept of Chinese Architecture

- Using even numbers of column
- Top load is transferred to foundation through wooden frames
- Walls bear no load
- Flexible placement of walls,
windows and doors
- Gabled roofs

23

Two kinds of building systems

- Chuandou (for south)
- Tailang (for north)

24

Notable feature of Chuandou

extended beams

25

Used for wealthy families. BRACES THE UPWARD
LIFT OFTHE HEAVY EAVES

Corbelled Brackets

26

Main Types of Roofs in Chinese Architecture

1. Straight Inclined
2. Multi-inclined
3. Sweeping

27

Building Materials in Roofs for Chinese Architecture

1. Clay (Common Material)
2. Thatch and Bamboo (poor people)

28

Most common Material used for Chinese Architecture

Earth

29

round houses made of earth of Hakkas Nationality

Tulou

30

Its features are:
mausoleum
- highest architectural techniques
• palaces

Imperial Architecture