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Flashcards in Eyptian Architecture Deck (22)
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1

mass of masonry with central opening forming the monumental entrance to Egyptian Temples

Pylons

2

-Body of a lion, head of a man or a woman

Androsphinx

3

body of a lion, head of a ram

Criosphinx

4

body of a lion, head of a hawk

Hieracosphinx

5

a pillared hall in which the roof rests on columns; applied to many columned halls of Egyptian architecture

Hypostyle Hall

6

an ancient Egyptian, rectangular, flat topped funerary mound with battered (sloping sides) covering a burial chamber below the ground

Mastaba

7

Architect of Step Pyramid and for which Pharaoh?

Imhotep, Zoser

8

Bent Pyramid is for what Pharaoh?

Snefru

9

The three Pyramids of Giza from Biggest to Smallest

1. Great Pyramid of Cheops
2. Pyramid of Chefren
3. Pyramid of Mykerinos

10

Three Rock-Hewn Tombs

1. Beni Hasan
2. Khnemhetep
3. Hatshepsut

11

for the ministration to deified pharaohs (evolved from Mastabas and Temples)

Mortuary Temple

12

Temple for Worship of the Gods

Cult Temple

13

Sacred symbol of the sun god Heliopolis, a tall pillar of square section tapering upwards ending in a pyramid

Obelisks

14

Three Parts of the Egyptian Dwelling House

1. Reception Suite
2. Service
3. Private Quarters

15

the characteristic hollow and roll moulding of an Egyptian as well as Persian cornice.

Gorge Cornice

16

Walls diminished course by course toward the top due to he shrinkage caused by annual inundation. Interior face of the wall was vertical

Battered Wall

17

series of columns

Colonnade

18

richly carved coffin

Sacrophagus

19

a heavy lattice grating of timber or iron sliding in vertical grooves in the jambs of a portal of a defended building

Portucullis

20

screen wall in between columns

Abaci

21

pillars incorporating the sculptures figure of Osiris, Egyptian god of Death and Resurrection

Osiris Pillar

22

a sepulchral monument to a person buried elsewhere

Cenotaph