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Flashcards in Greek, Romanesque and Gothic Revivals Deck (23)
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Primary materials in England during the Revival time.

Sand, Gravel and Crushed Rock


It was the epicentre of the worldwide industrial revolution.



For Gothic Revival, Classical Style are applied to ___.

Public and Commercial Buildings


For Gothic Revival, Gothic Style are applied to ___.

Churches and Schools


This building is the key point of Gothic Revival in England, taking inspirations from Gothic Cathedrals around Europe.

Strawberry hill


Architectural Character of Strawberry Hill

1. Main walls are of brick or rubble masonry
2. Doors and windows on the north side are spanned by a pointed arch
3. West Wing is a separate building lighted by squared windows
4. Bay Window on the first floor of the East Porch
5. Upper Partitions filled with Stained Glass


This popular structure is the greatest work of authentic Gothic Style.

Palace of Westminister


Architects of the Palace of Westminister

Sir Charles Barry and A.W. Pugin


Architectural Character of the Westminister Palace

Steeply Pitched Iron Roofs balance if the horizontal panneling with vertical turrets that ended high above the wall.


This style is characterised by the use of polychrome decoration. It exists with a variety of projects like hotels to railroad stations to civic centres.

High-Victorian Gothic Architecture


Promoters of High-Victorian Gothic

Sir George Gilbert and George Edmund


The prime example of High-Victorian Gothic Architecture

All Saints, Margaret Street


Architect of All Saints, Margaret Street

William Butterfield


What are the two phases of Romanesque Revival in America?

Victorian and Richardsonian Romaneque


Architectural Character of Romanesque Revival

1. Wide, Rounded Arches over Windows
2. Short and Wide Columns
3. Pilasters that act as Decorative Columns
4. Pointed Towers
5. Thick, Cavernous Entryways and Window Openings
6. Thick masonry walls, rounded with Conical Roof
7. Façades are typically asymmetrical


It is characterised by polychromatic exterior finish combined with the semi-circular arch. These versions resembled the Gothic Predecessors of the Roman forms.

Victorian Romanesque


Rock-faced stone finish in Victorian Romanesque is relieved by:

1. Different coloured and textured stone or brick for window trim
2. Arches
3. Quoins
4. Decorated bricks and terra cotta tiles
5. Rounded arches usually supported by short-polished stone columns
6. Foliated forms
7. Grotesque, Arabesque and Decorated Capitalds
8. Corbels
9. Belt Courses
10. Windows varying in size and shape


It is mainly characterised by towers often being part of the design and it was favoured by Churches, Universities and public buildings in America.

Richardsonian Romanesque


Characteristics of Ricchardsonian Romanesque

1. Built on solid-masonry stonework
2. Hipped roof with lower cross gables
3. Wide-rounded arches were a key-feature
4. Doorways had arched tops and small columns
5. Brick was often arranged in intersecting patterns


Primary Example of Victorian Romanesque

Old County Hall


Primary Example of Richardsonian Romanesque

Trinity Church (Boston) and Albany City Hall


This revival was promoted and popularised by Thomas Jefferson as he thinks it's the ideal architectural basis for the newly-formed nation.

Greek Revival


Architectural Character of the Greek Revival

1. Low-pitched pedimental gable roof
2. Front porch with columns
3. Symmetrically aligned windows and door
4. Small Chimneys