Flashcards in Greek, Romanesque and Gothic Revivals Deck (23)
Primary materials in England during the Revival time.
Sand, Gravel and Crushed Rock
It was the epicentre of the worldwide industrial revolution.
For Gothic Revival, Classical Style are applied to ___.
Public and Commercial Buildings
For Gothic Revival, Gothic Style are applied to ___.
Churches and Schools
This building is the key point of Gothic Revival in England, taking inspirations from Gothic Cathedrals around Europe.
Architectural Character of Strawberry Hill
1. Main walls are of brick or rubble masonry
2. Doors and windows on the north side are spanned by a pointed arch
3. West Wing is a separate building lighted by squared windows
4. Bay Window on the first floor of the East Porch
5. Upper Partitions filled with Stained Glass
This popular structure is the greatest work of authentic Gothic Style.
Palace of Westminister
Architects of the Palace of Westminister
Sir Charles Barry and A.W. Pugin
Architectural Character of the Westminister Palace
Steeply Pitched Iron Roofs balance if the horizontal panneling with vertical turrets that ended high above the wall.
This style is characterised by the use of polychrome decoration. It exists with a variety of projects like hotels to railroad stations to civic centres.
High-Victorian Gothic Architecture
Promoters of High-Victorian Gothic
Sir George Gilbert and George Edmund
The prime example of High-Victorian Gothic Architecture
All Saints, Margaret Street
Architect of All Saints, Margaret Street
What are the two phases of Romanesque Revival in America?
Victorian and Richardsonian Romaneque
Architectural Character of Romanesque Revival
1. Wide, Rounded Arches over Windows
2. Short and Wide Columns
3. Pilasters that act as Decorative Columns
4. Pointed Towers
5. Thick, Cavernous Entryways and Window Openings
6. Thick masonry walls, rounded with Conical Roof
7. Façades are typically asymmetrical
It is characterised by polychromatic exterior finish combined with the semi-circular arch. These versions resembled the Gothic Predecessors of the Roman forms.
Rock-faced stone finish in Victorian Romanesque is relieved by:
1. Different coloured and textured stone or brick for window trim
4. Decorated bricks and terra cotta tiles
5. Rounded arches usually supported by short-polished stone columns
6. Foliated forms
7. Grotesque, Arabesque and Decorated Capitalds
9. Belt Courses
10. Windows varying in size and shape
It is mainly characterised by towers often being part of the design and it was favoured by Churches, Universities and public buildings in America.
Characteristics of Ricchardsonian Romanesque
1. Built on solid-masonry stonework
2. Hipped roof with lower cross gables
3. Wide-rounded arches were a key-feature
4. Doorways had arched tops and small columns
5. Brick was often arranged in intersecting patterns
Primary Example of Victorian Romanesque
Old County Hall
Primary Example of Richardsonian Romanesque
Trinity Church (Boston) and Albany City Hall
This revival was promoted and popularised by Thomas Jefferson as he thinks it's the ideal architectural basis for the newly-formed nation.