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Flashcards in HOA 2 Terms Deck (27)
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1

That part of a building which projects prominently from the main mass, e.g., a pavilion.

avant corps

2

A projecting platform on a building, sometimes supported from below, sometimes cantilevered; enclosed with a railing or balustrade.

balcony

3

A decorative row of arches applied to a wall as a decorative element, esp. in Romanesque buildings.

blind arcade

4

vertical supports of this or any other form, for a handrail or coping,

Blind Bulastrade

5

a blind for privacy or to keep out light

Blind Window

6

A type of wall decoration used in 17th century French domestic architecture; consists of vertical bands of rusticated masonry which divides the facades into panels or bays. Same as quoin.

Chaines

7

A Western European and English architectural and decorative fashion employing Chinese ornamentation and structural elements, particularly in 18th cent. Rococo design.

Chinoserie

8

Ceiling with deeply recessed panels, often highly ornamented. Similar effects executed in marble, brick, concrete, plaster, or stucco.

Coffering

9

An order more than one story in height.

Colossal Order

10

The stepped edge of a gable masking a pitched roof, found in northern European masonry, 14th to 17th cent., and in derivatives.

corbiestep

11

A domed roof or ceiling. A domed structure, often set on a circular or polygonal base on a roof or set on pillars; often glazed to provide light in the space below, or louvered to provide ventilation in that space.

Cupola

12

The selection of elements from diverse styles for architectural decorative designs, particularly during the second half of the 19th cent. in Europe and the US.

Eclecticism

13

The transitional style between Gothic and Renaissance in England, named after Elizabeth I; mainly country houses, characterized by large mullioned windows and strapwork ornamentation.

Elizabethian Architecture

14

The exterior face of a building which is the architectural front, sometimes distinguished from the other faces by elaboration of architectural or ornamental details.

façade

15

1. The decorated front wall or bay of a building. 2. An ornamental porch or chief pediment. 3. A fancy rendering prefacing an architectural presentation, esp. a student project in architectural school.

frontispiece

16

In Great Britain, the term “Georgian” is usually applied to the prevailing architectural style during the reigns of George I through George IV, from 1714 to 1830; derived from classical, Renaissance, and Baroque forms.

Georgian Style

17

An architectural style based on the reuse of ancient Greek forms in architecture. Public buildings in this style were usually symmetrical in plan and rectangular in shape.

Greek Revival Style

18

An architectural style that is minimalist in concept, devoid of regional characteristics, stresses functionalism, and rejects all nonessential decorative elements; it emphasizes the horizontal aspects of a building; developed during the 1920s and 1930s, in western Europe principally in the Bauhaus school, and also in America.

International Style

19

A small dormer window in a roof or spire.

lucarne

20

1. A crescent-shaped or semicircular area on a wall or vaulted ceiling, framed by an arch or vault. 2. An opening or window in such an area. 3. A painting or sculpture on such an area.

lunette

21

A roof having a double slope on all four sides, the lower slope being much steeper.

Mansard Roof

22

20th century architectural movement that sought to sunder all stylistic and historic links with the past. While C19 theorists sought to find a style suitable for the times, the methods attempted to achieve this involved eclecticism and mingling of styles to produce so-called Free or Mixed styles, the optimistic idea being that a new style might emerge from the mélange.

Modernism

23

An architectural style based primarily on the use of forms of Classical antiquity used in both public buildings and opulent homes; aspects of this style are imitative of the earlier Classical Revival style (often called “Early Classical Revival”) that was most popular from about 1770 to 1830; others are imitative of the Greek Revival style that was popular from about 1830 to 1850.

Neoclassical Style

24

1. A figure or ornament of concentric bands. 2. A round or oval aperture, open, louvered, or glazed; an oculus or oeil-de-boeuf. 3. The enclosure of such an aperture, a double arched frame with two or four key voussoirs. 4. A circular aperture in a masonry wall; usually formed by voussoirs or tapered bricks

Oeil-de-bœuf

25

is a style of building employed in the late 19th century inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. Popular features of these revival buildings are round arches, semi-circular arches on windows, and belt courses.

Romanesque Revival

26

A twisted or spiral column.

Salomonica

27

English architecture of the late Renaissance from about 1603 to 1688, especially during the period of the Stuart dynasty.

Stuart Architecture