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Flashcards in Near East Architecture Deck (14)
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1

a high pyramidal staged tower, of which angles were oriented to the cardinal points, which formed an important element.

Ziggurat

2

the lowest square member of the base of the column; 2) also applied to the projecting stepped or moulded base of any building

Dado

3

sculptural work on walls where the objects are embossed or protruding from the background

Relief

4

a system of water distribution in ancient times where water ran along canals above supported by series of arches and also canals passing through hills and mountains and below the ground to the lowest destination- the city

Aqueduct

5

the term applied to to the triangular curved overhanging surface by means of which a circular dome is supported over a square or polygonal compartment.

Pendentives

6

truncated wedged –shaped blocks forming an arch

Voussoirs

7

the central stone of a semi-circular arch

Keystone

8

structural system, or building style of which the principal constructive feature is the arch

Arcuated

9

a mss of masonry built against the wall to resist the pressure of an arch or a vault.

Buttresses

10

the face or elevation of the building

Façade

11

a structure of wedge-shaped blocks over an opening, so disposed as to hold together when supported only from the sides.

Arch

12

a convex covering, usually semi hemispherical or semi-elliptical over a circular or polygonal space

Dome

13

Biggest Innovation in Assyrian Architecture

Polychrome Ornamental Brickwork

14

served as religious and secular sloping sides and three of which had flat buttress with square platform of similar heights and overlapping corner.

White Temple