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Flashcards in L28 Deck (160):
2

divagate

['daɪvəgeɪt] vi. 离题;流浪;漫游
vi. : to wander or stray from a course or subject : DIVERGE, DIGRESS

3

diversity

[dai'və:səti] n. 多样性;差异
Noun.1 a : the condition of being diverse : VARIETY; especially : the inclusion of diverse people (as people of different races or cultures) in a group or organization *programs intended to promote diversity in schools*
2 : an instance of being diverse *a diversity of opinion*

4

divine

[di'vain] adj. 神圣的;非凡的;天赐的;极好的
vt. 占卜;预言;用占卜勘探
vi. 占卜;预言;使用占卜勘探矿
n. 牧师;神学家
Adj.1 a : of, relating to, or proceeding directly from God or a god *divine love* b : being a deity *the divine Savior* c : directed to a deity *divine worship*
2 a : supremely good : SUPERB *the pie was divine* b : HEAVENLY, GODLIKE
Noun.1 : CLERGYMAN
2 : THEOLOGIAN
transitive verb
1 : to discover by intuition or insight : INFER *divine the truth*
2 : to discover or locate (as water or minerals underground) usually by means of a divining rod
intransitive verb
1 : to practice divination : PROPHESY
2 : to perceive intuitively

5

dock

[dɔk] n. 码头;船坞;被告席;尾巴的骨肉部分
vt. 使靠码头;剪短
vi. 入船坞
Noun.1 : any of a genus (Rumex) of coarse weedy plants of the buckwheat family having long taproots and sometimes used as potherbs
2 : any of several usually broad-leaved weedy plants (as of the genus Silphium)
Noun.1 : the solid part of an animal's tail as distinguished from the hair
2 : the part of an animal's tail left after it has been shortened
vt.1 a : to cut off the end of a body part of; specifically : to remove part of the tail of b : to cut (as ears or a tail) short
2 a : to take away a part of : ABRIDGE b : to subject (as wages) to a deduction c : to penalize by depriving of a benefit ordinarily due; especially : to fine by a deduction of wages *docked him for tardiness*
Noun.1 : a usually artificial basin or enclosure for the reception of ships that is equipped with means for controlling the water height
2 : 2SLIP 1b
3 a : a place (as a wharf or platform) for the loading or unloading of materials b : a usually wooden pier used as a landing place or moorage for boats
transitive verb
1 : to haul or guide into or alongside a dock
2 : to join (as two spacecraft) mechanically while in space
intransitive verb
1 : to come into or alongside a dock
2 : to become docked
Noun. : the place in a criminal court where a prisoner stands or sits during trial

6

dodge

[dɔdʒ] n. 躲闪;托词
vi. 躲避,避开
vt. 躲避,避开
Noun.1 : an act of evading by sudden bodily movement
2 a : an artful device to evade, deceive, or trick b : EXPEDIENT
intransitive verb
1 a : to move to and fro or from place to place usually in an irregular course *dodged through the crowd* b : to make a sudden movement in a new direction (as to evade a blow) *dodged behind the door*
2 : to evade a responsibility or duty especially by trickery or deceit
transitive verb
1 a : to evade by a sudden or repeated shift of position *dodge tacklers* b : to avoid an encounter with *celebrities dodging the media*
2 : to evade (as a duty) usually indirectly or by trickery *dodged the draft by leaving the country* *dodged questions*

7

doff

[dɔf] vt. 脱(衣,帽等);丢弃,废除;落纱
vt.1 a : to remove (an article of wear) from the body b : to take off (the hat) in greeting or as a sign of respect
2 : to rid oneself of : put aside

8

dogmatism

['dɔɡmətizəm] n. 教条主义;独断,武断
Noun.1 : positiveness in assertion of opinion especially when unwarranted or arrogant
2 : a viewpoint or system of ideas based on insufficiently examined premises

9

doleful

['dəulful] adj. 寂寞的;悲哀的;阴沉的;忧郁的
Adj.1 : causing grief or affliction *a doleful loss*
2 : full of grief : CHEERLESS *a doleful face*
3 : expressing grief : SAD *a doleful melody*

10

dolorous

['dɔlərəs] adj. 忧伤的;悲痛的
Adj. : causing, marked by, or expressing misery or grief

11

domesticate

[də'mestɪkeɪt] vt. 驯养;教化;引进
vi. 驯养;使习惯于或喜爱家务和家庭生活
vt.1 : to bring into domestic use : ADOPT
2 : to adapt (an animal or plant) to life in intimate association with and to the advantage of humans
3 : to make domestic : fit for domestic life
4 : to bring to the level of ordinary people
Noun.: a domesticated animal or plant

12

dominant

['dɔminənt] adj. 显性的;占优势的;支配的,统治的
n. 显性
Adj.1 a : commanding, controlling, or prevailing over all others *the dominant culture* b : very important, powerful, or successful *a dominant theme* *a dominant industry*
2 : overlooking and commanding from a superior position *a dominant hill*
3 : of, relating to, or exerting ecological or genetic dominance
4 : being the one of a pair of bodily structures that is the more effective or predominant in action *dominant eye*
Noun.1 : the fifth tone of a major or minor scale
2 a : a dominant genetic character or factor b : any of one or more kinds of organism (as a species) in an ecological community that exerts a controlling influence on the environment and thereby largely determines what other kinds of organisms are present c : a dominant individual in a social hierarchy

13

donate

[dəʊ'ne?t] vt. 捐赠;捐献
vi. 捐赠;捐献
n. 捐赠;捐献
Transitive verb
1 : to make a gift of; especially : to contribute to a public or charitable cause
2 : to transfer (as electrons) to another atom or molecule
intransitive verb : to make a donation

14

doodle

['du:dl] vi. 涂鸦;闲混;[美口]随意弹奏
n. 涂鸦;蠢人
vt. 乱涂出;闲混;随意弹奏
Intransitive verb
1 : to make a doodle
2 : DAWDLE, TRIFLE
transitive verb : to produce by doodling
Noun.: an aimless or casual scribble, design, or sketch; also : a minor work

15

dormancy

['dɔ:mənsi] n. 休眠,冬眠;蛰伏
Noun. : the quality or state of being dormant

16

dote

[dəut] vi. 溺爱;昏聩
vt. 溺爱
vi.1 : to exhibit mental decline of or like that of old age : be in one's dotage
2 : to be lavish or excessive in one's attention, fondness, or affection ? usually used with on *doted on her only grandchild*

17

Double-cross

['dʌbl'krɔs] n. 欺骗行为
vt. 欺骗;出卖
vi. 进行欺骗

18

dour

[duə] adj. 严厉的;顽强的;阴沉的;不爱讲话的
Adj.1 : STERN, HARSH
2 : OBSTINATE, UNYIELDING
3 : GLOOMY, SULLEN

19

douse

[daus] vt. 插入水中;弄湿;弄熄;急速收帆;脱掉(衣鞋等)
vi. 浸泡
n. 泼洒
Transitive verb
1 : to plunge into water
2 a : to throw a liquid on : DRENCH b : SLOSH
3 : EXTINGUISH *douse the lights*
intransitive verb : to fall or become plunged into water
Noun. : a heavy drenching
Noun.British : BLOW, STROKE
vt.1 a : to take in : LOWER, STRIKE *douse a sail* b : SLACKEN *douse a rope*
2 : TAKE OFF, DOFF

20

dowdy

['daudi] adj. 懒散的;过时的;寒酸的
n. 懒散的女人;邋遢女人
Noun. archaic : a dowdy woman
Adj.1 : not neat or becoming in appearance : SHABBY *a dowdy old hat*
2 a : lacking smartness or taste *a dowdy room* b : OLD-FASHIONED *a dowdy institution*
Noun.: PANDOWDY

21

downpour

['daunpɔ:] n. 倾盆大雨;注下
Noun. : a pouring or streaming downward; especially : a heavy rain

22

draconian

[drə'kəunjən] adj. 严厉的,苛刻的
Adj.1 : of, relating to, or characteristic of Draco or the severe code of laws held to have been framed by him
2 : CRUEL; also : SEVERE *draconian littering fines*

23

draggy

['drægɪ] adj. 拖拉的;极为讨厌的;呆滞的
Adj.: SLUGGISH, DULL

24

drain

[drein] vi. 排水;流干
vt. 喝光,耗尽;使流出;排掉水
n. 排水;下水道,排水管;消耗
Transitive verb
1 obsolete : FILTER
2 a : to draw off (liquid) gradually or completely *drained all the water out* b : to cause the gradual disappearance of *drain the region's wealth* c : to exhaust physically or emotionally *feeling drained at the end of a long workday*
3 a : to make gradually dry *drain a swamp* b : to carry away the surface water of *the river that drains the valley* c : to deplete or empty by or as if by drawing off by degrees or in increments *drained the country of its resources* d : to empty by drinking the contents of *drain a mug of beer*
4 : DROP 7c, SINK *drained the putt*
intransitive verb
1 a : to flow off gradually b : to disappear gradually : DWINDLE
2 : to become emptied or freed of liquid by its flowing or dropping *waiting for the tub to drain*
3 : to discharge surface or surplus water
Noun.1 : a means (as a pipe) by which usually liquid matter is drained
2 a : the act of draining b : a gradual outflow or withdrawal : DEPLETION
3 : something that causes depletion : BURDEN
4 : an electrode in a field-effect transistor toward which charge carriers move ? compare GATE, SOURCE

25

drainage

['dreinidʒ] n. 排水;排水系统;污水;排水面积
Noun.1 : the act, process, or mode of draining; also : something drained off
2 : a device for draining : DRAIN; also : a system of drains
3 : an area or district drained

26

drawl

[drɔ:l] vi. 慢吞吞地说
vt. 慢吞吞地说
n. 慢吞吞拉长调子的说话方式
Intransitive verb : to speak slowly with vowels greatly prolonged
transitive verb : to utter in a slow lengthened tone
Noun. : a drawling manner of speaking

27

drawn

[drɔ:n] adj. 拔出的
v. 画,绘图(draw的过去分词)
Transitive verb
1 : to cause to move continuously toward or after a force applied in advance : PULL *draw your chair up by the fire*: as a : to move (as a covering) over or to one side *draw the drapes* b : to pull up or out of a receptacle or place where seated or carried *draw water from the well* *drew a gun*; also : to cause to come out of a container or source *draw water for a bath* *the nurse drew a blood sample* *the wound drew blood*
2 : to cause to go in a certain direction (as by leading) *drew him aside*
3 a : to bring by inducement or allure : ATTRACT *honey draws flies* b : to bring in or gather from a specified group or area *a college that draws its students from many states* c : BRING ON, PROVOKE *drew enemy fire* d : to bring out by way of response : ELICIT *drew cheers from the audience* e : to receive in the course of play *the batter drew a walk* *draw a foul*
4 : INHALE *drew a deep breath*
5 a : to extract the essence from *draw tea* b : EVISCERATE *plucking and drawing a goose before cooking* c : to derive to one's benefit *drew inspiration from the old masters*
6 : to require (a specified depth) to float in *a ship that draws 12 feet of water*
7 a : ACCUMULATE, GAIN *drawing interest* b : to take (money) from a place of deposit c : to use in making a cash demand *drawing a check against his account* d : to receive regularly or in due course *draw a salary*
8 a : to take (cards) from a stack or from the dealer b : to receive or take at random *drew a winning number*
9 : to bend (a bow) by pulling back the string
10 : to cause to shrink, contract, or tighten
11 a : to strike (a ball) so as to impart a backward spin b : to strike (a golf ball) so that a slight to moderate hook results
12 : to leave (a contest) undecided : TIE
13 a (1) : to produce a likeness or representation of by making lines on a surface *draw a picture* *draw a graph with chalk* (2) : to give a portrayal of : DELINEATE *a writer who draws characters well* b : to write out in due form *draw a will* c : to design or describe in detail : FORMULATE *draw comparisons*
14 : to infer from evidence or premises *draw a conclusion*
15 : to spread or elongate (metal) by hammering or by pulling through dies; also : to shape (as plastic) by stretching or by pulling through dies
intransitive verb
1 : to come or go steadily or gradually *night draws near*
2 a : to move something by pulling *drawing at the well* b : to exert an attractive force *the play is drawing well*
3 a : to pull back a bowstring b : to bring out a weapon *drew, aimed, and fired*
4 a : to produce a draft *the chimney draws well* *draw on a cigar* b : to swell out in a wind *all sails drawing*
5 a : to wrinkle or tighten up : SHRINK b : to change shape by pulling or stretching
6 : to cause blood or pus to localize at one point
7 : to create a likeness or a picture in outlines : SKETCH
8 : to come out even in a contest
9 a : to make a written demand for payment of money on deposit b : to obtain resources (as of information) *drawing from a common fund of knowledge*
Adj.: showing the effects of tension, pain, or illness : HAGGARD *a face drawn with pain*

28

dreary

['driəri] adj. 沉闷的,枯燥的
Adj.1 : feeling, displaying, or reflecting listlessness or discouragement
2 : having nothing likely to provide cheer, comfort, or interest : GLOOMY, DISMAL
synonyms see DISMAL

29

drench

[drentʃ] vt. 使湿透;给(牲畜)灌药
n. 滂沱大雨;浸液
Noun.1 : a poisonous or medicinal drink; specifically : a large dose of medicine mixed with liquid and put down the throat of an animal
2 a : something that drenches b : a quantity sufficient to drench or saturate
vt.1 a archaic : to force to drink b : to administer a drench to (an animal)
2 : to wet thoroughly (as by soaking or immersing in liquid)
3 : to soak or cover thoroughly with liquid that falls or is precipitated
4 : to fill or cover completely as if by soaking or precipitation *was drenched in furs and diamonds ?Richard Brautigan*
synonyms see SOAK

30

drenched

[drentʃd] adj. 湿透的;充满的
v. 浸湿;强使服药;覆盖(drench的过去分词)

31

drip

[drip] vi. 滴下;充满;漏下
n. 水滴,滴水声;[医]静脉滴注;使人厌烦的人
vt. 使滴下;溢出,发出
Transitive verb
1 : to let fall in drops *a brush dripping paint*
2 : to let out or seem to spill copiously *her voice dripping sarcasm* *trees dripping Spanish moss*
intransitive verb
1 a : to let fall drops of moisture or liquid *wet clothes dripping onto the floor* b : to overflow with or as if with moisture *stories dripping with pop-culture references* *toast dripping with butter*
2 : to fall in or as if in drops *let the excess drip off*
3 : to waft or pass gently
Noun.1 : a part of a cornice or other member that projects to throw off rainwater; also : an overlapping metal strip or an underneath groove for the same purpose
2 a : a falling in drops b : liquid that falls, overflows, or is extruded in drops *a pan to catch drips*
3 : the sound made by or as if by falling drops
4 : a device for the administration of a fluid at a slow rate especially into a vein; also : a material so administered
5 : a dull or unattractive person
Adj. : of, relating to, or being coffee made by letting boiling water drip slowly through finely ground coffee *drip coffee* *a drip pot*

32

drivel

[drivəl] n. 鼻涕;口水;糊涂话
vi. 淌口水;流鼻涕;说傻话
vt. 浪费
vi.1 : to let saliva dribble from the mouth : SLAVER
2 : to talk stupidly and carelessly
Noun.1 archaic : DROOL 1
2 : NONSENSE

33

droll

[drəul] adj. 滑稽的;好笑的;逗趣的
n. 小丑,滑稽可笑的人
vi. 开玩笑
Adj.: having a humorous, whimsical, or odd quality *his dignified presence decorated our droll little quarters ?Gwendolyn Brooks*
Noun.: an amusing person : JESTER, COMEDIAN
vi.archaic : to make fun : JEST, SPORT

34

drool

[dru:l] vi. 流口水;胡说
vt. 从嘴淌下;散漫地说
n. 口水;梦话,胡说
Intransitive verb
1 a : to secrete saliva in anticipation of food b : DRIVEL 1
2 : to make an effusive show of pleasure or often envious or covetous appreciation
3 : to talk nonsense
transitive verb : to express sentimentally or effusively
Noun.1 : saliva trickling from the mouth
2 : NONSENSE

35

droop

[dru:p] vi. 下垂;萎靡;凋萎
vt. 使…下垂
n. 下垂;消沉
Intransitive verb
1 : to hang or incline downward
2 : to sink gradually
3 : to become depressed or weakened : LANGUISH
transitive verb : to let droop
Noun. : the condition or appearance of drooping

36

drought

[draut] n. 干旱;缺乏
Noun.1 : a period of dryness especially when prolonged; specifically : one that causes extensive damage to crops or prevents their successful growth
2 : a prolonged or chronic shortage or lack of something expected or desired

37

drub

[drʌb] vt. 用棒打;硬灌;打击
vi. 打击;敲击
Transitive verb
1 : to beat severely
2 : to berate critically
3 : to defeat decisively
intransitive verb : DRUM, STAMP

38

dulcet

['dʌlsit] adj. 美妙的;悦耳的;怡人的
Adj.1 : sweet to the taste
2 : pleasing to the ear *dulcet tones*
3 : generally pleasing or agreeable *a dulcet smile*

39

duplicitous

[dju:'plisitəs] adj. 奸诈的;双重的;搞两面派的
Adj.: marked by duplicity : deceptive in words or action

40

duress

[djuə'res] n. 强迫;监禁
Noun.1 : forcible restraint or restriction
2 : compulsion by threat; specifically : unlawful constraint

41

dyspeptic

[dis'peptik,-kəl] adj. 消化不良的;患胃病的;胃弱的
n. 消化不良者
Adj.1 : relating to dyspepsia : having dyspepsia *a dyspeptic symptom* ? opposed to eupeptic
2a : gloomy or negative *took a dyspeptic view of the whole affair* b : ILL-TEMPERED, MOROSE
Noun. : a person having dyspepsia

42

eaglet

['i:ɡlit] n. 小鹰
Noun.: a young eagle

43

earring

['iəriŋ] n. 耳环,耳饰
v. 抽穗;[美俚]听见(ear的ing形式)
Noun. : an ornament for the ear and especially the earlobe

44

earthshaking

['ɜːθ,ʃeɪkɪŋ] adj. 极为重大的;震撼全球的
Adj. : of great importance : MOMENTOUS *an earthshaking announcement*

45

earthy

['ə:θi] adj. 土的;土质的;朴实的;粗俗的
Adj.1 a : of, relating to, or consisting of earth *earthy creatures like worms* b : suggestive of earth (as in texture, odor, or color) *an earthy yellow* c : rough, coarse, or plain in taste *earthy flavors*
2 a archaic : EARTHLY, WORLDLY b : characteristic of or associated with mortal life on the earth *prefers earthy to ethereal themes*
3 : suggestive of plain or poor people or their ways: as a : PRACTICAL, DOWN-TO-EARTH *earthy problems of daily life* b : CRUDE, GROSS *earthy humor* c : plain and simple in style : UNSOPHISTICATED *earthy peasant cookery* *earthy decor* *earthy clothes*

46

easel

['i:zəl] n. 画架;黑板架
Noun. : a frame for supporting something (as an artist's canvas)

47

ebullience

[i'bʌljəns,-jənsi] n. 奔放;兴高采烈;沸腾;冒泡
Noun.: the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings : EXUBERANCE

48

ecstasy

['ekstəsi] n. 狂喜;入迷;忘形
Noun.1 a : a state of being beyond reason and self-control b archaic : SWOON
2 : a state of overwhelming emotion; especially : rapturous delight
3 : TRANCE; especially : a mystic or prophetic trance
4 often capitalized : a synthetic amphetamine analog C11H15NO2 used illicitly for its mood-enhancing and hallucinogenic properties ? called also MDMA

49

ecstatic

[ik'stætik] adj. 狂喜的;入迷的
n. 狂喜的人
Adj.: of, relating to, or marked by ecstasy
Noun. : one that is subject to ecstasies

50

ecumenical

[,i:kju:'menikəl, ,ekju-,-ik] adj. 普遍的;世界范围的;全基督教的
Adj.1 : worldwide or general in extent, influence, or application
2 a : of, relating to, or representing the whole of a body of churches b : promoting or tending toward worldwide Christian unity or cooperation

51

edgy

['edʒi] adj. 急躁的;尖利的;刀口锐利的
Adj.1 : having an edge : SHARP
2 a : being on edge : TENSE, IRRITABLE b : characterized by tension *edgy negotiations*
3 : having a bold, provocative, or unconventional quality *an edgy film*

52

eerie

['iəri] adj. 可怕的;怪异的
adj.1 chiefly Scottish : affected with fright : SCARED
2 : so mysterious, strange, or unexpected as to send a chill up the spine *a coyote's eerie howl* *the similarities were eerie*; also : seemingly not of earthly origin *the flames cast an eerie glow*
synonyms see WEIRD

53

effeminate

[i'feminət] adj. 柔弱的;女人气的
n. 女子气的男人
vt. 使柔弱;使无男子汉气概
vi. 变得无男子汉气概;变得柔弱
Adj.1 : having feminine qualities untypical of a man : not manly in appearance or manner
2 : marked by an unbecoming delicacy or overrefinement *effeminate art* *an effeminate civilization*
Noun. : an effeminate person

54

effervesce

[,efə'ves] vi. [化]泡腾;冒泡;兴奋
vi.1 : to bubble, hiss, and foam as gas escapes
2 : to show liveliness or exhilaration

55

effrontery

[i'frʌntəri] n. 厚颜无耻
Noun.: shameless boldness : INSOLENCE
synonyms see TEMERITY

56

effulgent

[i'fʌldʒənt] adj. 光辉灿烂的
Adj.: marked by or as if by brightly shining light : impressive in resplendence : extremely radiant : BRILLIANT *her effulgent beauty?Arnold Bennett* *the same little effulgent flash of intuition?J.D.Salinger*
synonyms see BRIGHT

57

egoism

['i:ɡəuizəm, 'eɡ-] n. 利己主义,自我主义
Noun.1 a : a doctrine that individual self-interest is the actual motive of all conscious action b : a doctrine that individual self-interest is the valid end of all actions
2 : excessive concern for oneself with or without exaggerated feelings of self-importance ? compare EGOTISM 2

58

egotist

['i:ɡətist, ,eɡ-] n. 自高自大者;言必称“我”者(形容词egotistic,副词egotistically)
Noun.: one characterized by egotism : one marked by boastfulness or arrogance or egocentricity *an atrocious egotist in his disregard of others?G.B.Shaw*

59

eidetic

[aɪ'detɪk] adj. 异常清晰的;极为逼真的
Adj.: marked by or involving extraordinarily accurate and vivid recall especially of visual images *an eidetic memory*

60

ejaculate

[i'dʒækjuleit, i'dʒækjulət, -leit] vt. 突然说出;射出
vi. 射精;射出液体
n. 一次射出的精液
Transitive verb
1 : to eject from a living body; specifically : to eject (semen) in orgasm
2 : to utter suddenly and vehemently
intransitive verb : to eject a fluid
Noun.: the semen released by one ejaculation

61

elated

[i'leitid] adj. 兴高采烈的;得意洋洋的
v. 使兴奋(elate的过去式和过去分词)
Adj. : marked by high spirits : EXULTANT

62

elegy

['elidʒi] n. 挽歌,哀歌
Noun.1 : a poem in elegiac couplets
2 a : a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one who is dead b : something (as a speech) resembling such a song or poem
3 a : a pensive or reflective poem that is usually nostalgic or melancholy b : a short pensive musical composition

63

elephantine

[,eli'fæntain, -tin] adj. 似象的;巨大的;粗笨的,笨拙的
Adj.1 a : having enormous size or strength : MASSIVE b : CLUMSY, PONDEROUS *elephantine verse*
2 : of or relating to an elephant

64

elevate

['eliveit] vt. 提升;举起;振奋情绪等;提升…的职位
Adj. archaic : ELEVATED
transitive verb
1 : to lift up or make higher : RAISE *elevate a patient's leg* *exercises that elevate the heart rate*
2 : to raise in rank or status *was elevated to chairman*
3 : to improve morally, intellectually, or culturally *great books that both entertain and elevate their readers*
4 : to raise the spirits of : ELATE
intransitive verb : to become elevated : RISE *his voice elevated to a shout*
synonyms see LIFT

65

elixir

[i'liksə] n. 不老长寿药;万能药;炼金药
Noun.1 a (1) : a substance held capable of changing base metals into gold (2) : a substance held capable of prolonging life indefinitely b (1) : CURE-ALL (2) : a medicinal concoction
2 : a sweetened liquid usually containing alcohol that is used in medication either for its medicinal ingredients or as a flavoring
3 : the essential principle

66

elliptical

[i'liptik,-kəl] adj. 椭圆的;省略的
Adj.1 : of, relating to, or shaped like an ellipse
2 a : of, relating to, or marked by ellipsis or an ellipsis b (1) : of, relating to, or marked by extreme economy of speech or writing (2) : of or relating to deliberate obscurity (as of literary or conversational style)

67

elocution

[,elə'kjuːʃ(ə)n] n. 朗诵法;演说法;雄辩术
Noun.1 : a style of speaking especially in public
2 : the art of effective public speaking

68

eloquence

['eləkwəns] n. 口才;雄辩;雄辩术;[口]修辞
Noun.1 : discourse marked by force and persuasiveness; also : the art or power of using such discourse
2 : the quality of forceful or persuasive expressiveness

69

emaciate

[i'meisieit] vt. 使消瘦;使衰弱;使贫瘠
vi. 消瘦下去
Intransitive verb : to waste away physically
transitive verb
1 : to cause to lose flesh so as to become very thin *cattle emaciated by illness*
2 : to make feeble

70

emaciation

[i,meisi'eiʃən] n. 消瘦,瘦弱;憔悴
Noun.1 : the process of making or becoming emaciated
2 : the state of being emaciated; especially : a wasted condition of the body

71

emanate

['eməneit] vt. 放射(过去式emanated,过去分词emanated,现在分词emanating,第三人称单数emanates,形容词emanative);发散
vi. 发出;散发;发源
Intransitive verb : to come out from a source *a sweet scent emanating from the blossoms*
transitive verb : EMIT *she seems to emanate an air of serenity*
synonyms see SPRING

72

emasculate

[ɪ'mæskjʊleɪt] vt. 阉割;使柔弱
adj. 柔弱的;阉割了的
vt.1 : to deprive of strength, vigor, or spirit : WEAKEN
2 : to deprive of virility or procreative power : CASTRATE
3 : to remove the androecium of (a flower) in the process of artificial cross-pollination
synonyms see UNNERVE

73

embargo

[em'bɑ:ɡəu, im-] vt. 禁止出入港口;禁止或限制贸易;征用或扣押
n. 禁令;禁止;封港令
Noun.1 : an order of a government prohibiting the departure of commercial ships from its ports
2 : a legal prohibition on commerce *a trade embargo*
3 : STOPPAGE, IMPEDIMENT; especially : PROHIBITION *I lay no embargo on anybody's words ?Jane Austen*
4 : an order by a common carrier or public regulatory agency prohibiting or restricting freight transportation
vt.: to place an embargo on

74

embarrass

[im'bærəs] vt. 使局促不安;使困窘;阻碍
Transitive verb
1 a : to place in doubt, perplexity, or difficulties b : to involve in financial difficulties c : to cause to experience a state of self-conscious distress *bawdy stories embarrassed him*
2 a : to hamper the movement of b : HINDER, IMPEDE
3 : to make intricate : COMPLICATE
4 : to impair the activity of (a bodily function) or the function of (a bodily part) *digestion embarrassed by overeating*
intransitive verb : to become anxiously self-conscious *he embarrasses easily*

75

embitter

[ɪm'bɪtə; em-] vt. 使怨恨;使难受;使受苦
vt.1 : to excite bitter feelings in *embittered by divorce*
2 : to make bitter

76

embody

[im'bɔdi] vt. 体现,使具体化;具体表达
vt.1 : to give a body to (a spirit) : INCARNATE
2 a : to deprive of spirituality b : to make concrete and perceptible
3 : to cause to become a body or part of a body : INCORPORATE
4 : to represent in human or animal form : PERSONIFY *men who greatly embodied the idealism of American life ?A. M. Schlesinger b1917*

77

embolden

[im'bəuldən, em-] vt. 使有胆量,使大胆
vt. : to instill with boldness or courage

78

embroil

[im'brɔil] vt. 使卷入;使混乱
vt.1 : to throw into disorder or confusion
2 : to involve in conflict or difficulties *a program embroiled in controversy*

79

emerald

['emərəld] n. 绿宝石,翡翠;祖母绿;翠绿色
adj. 翡翠的;翠绿色的
Noun.1 : a rich green variety of beryl prized as a gemstone
2 : any of various green gemstones (as synthetic corundum or demantoid)
Adj.: brightly or richly green

80

emergency

[i'mə:dʒənsi] n. 紧急情况;突发事件;非常时刻
adj. 紧急的;备用的
Noun.1 : an unforeseen combination of circumstances or the resulting state that calls for immediate action
2 : an urgent need for assistance or relief *the governor declared a state of emergency after the flood*
synonyms see JUNCTURE

81

emigrate

['emiɡreit] vi. 移居;移居外国
vt. 移民
vi. : to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere *emigrated from Canada to the United States*

82

emissary

['emisəri] n. 使者;间谍;密使
adj. 间谍的;密使的
Noun.1 : one designated as the agent of another : REPRESENTATIVE
2 : a secret agent

83

emit

[i'mit] vt. 发出,放射;发行;发表
vt.1 a : to throw or give off or out (as light or heat) b : to send out : EJECT
2 a : to issue with authority; especially : to put (as money) into circulation b obsolete : PUBLISH
3 : to give utterance or voice to *emitted a groan*

84

emolument

[ɪ'mɒljʊm(ə)nt; e-] n. 薪水,报酬
Noun.1 : the returns arising from office or employment usually in the form of compensation or perquisites
2 archaic : ADVANTAGE

85

emote

[i'məut] vi. [美口]夸张地表现感情
vi. : to give expression to emotion especially in acting

86

empirical

adj. 经验主义的,完全根据经验的
Adj.1 : originating in or based on observation or experience *empirical data*
2 : relying on experience or observation alone often without due regard for system and theory *an empirical basis for the theory*
3 : capable of being verified or disproved by observation or experiment *empirical laws*
4 : of or relating to empiricism

87

empower

[im'pauə] vt. 授权,允许;使能够
vt.1 : to give official authority or legal power to *empowered her attorney to act on her behalf*
2 : ENABLE 1a
3 : to promote the self-actualization or influence of *women's movement has been inspiring and empowering women ?Ron Hansen*

88

empyreal

[,empaɪ'rɪ,əl] adj. 九天的;(古人宇宙论的)最高天的;苍天的;由纯净之火或光形成的
Adj.1 : of or relating to the empyrean : CELESTIAL
2 : SUBLIME

89

enchant

[in'tʃɑ:nt, en-] vt. 使迷惑;施魔法
vt.1 : to influence by or as if by charms and incantation : BEWITCH
2 : to attract and move deeply : rouse to ecstatic admiration *the scene enchanted her to the point of tears ?Elinor Wylie*
synonyms see ATTRACT

90

encipher

[ɪn'saɪfə; en-] vt. 译成密码
vt. : to convert (a message) into cipher

91

enclosure

[in'kləuʒə] n. 附件;围墙;围场
Noun.1 : the act or action of enclosing : the quality or state of being enclosed
2 : something that encloses
3 : something enclosed *a letter with two enclosures*

92

encomiast

[en'kəʊmɪæst] n. 赞美者;宣读或写作颂辞之人;阿谀奉承者
Noun. : one that praises : EULOGIST

93

encompass

[in'kʌmpəs] vt. 包含;包围,环绕;完成
vt.1 a : to form a circle about : ENCLOSE b obsolete : to go completely around
2 a : ENVELOP b : INCLUDE, COMPREHEND *a plan that encompasses a number of aims*
3 : BRING ABOUT, ACCOMPLISH *encompass a task*

94

encyclopedia

[en,saikləu'pi:djə] n. 百科全书
Noun.: a work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or treats comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge usually in articles arranged alphabetically often by subject

95

encyclopedic

[en,saɪklə(ʊ)'piːdɪk; ɪn-] adj. 渊博的;知识广博的
Adj.: of, relating to, or suggestive of an encyclopedia or its methods of treating or covering a subject : COMPREHENSIVE *an encyclopedic mind* *an encyclopedic collection of armor*

96

endearing

[in'diəriŋ] adj. 可爱的;讨人喜欢的;引起爱情的
Adj.: arousing affection, tenderness, or admiration *endearing smile* *endearing qualities*

97

endue

[in'dju:] vt. 授予,赋予;穿上
vt.1 : PROVIDE, ENDOW *endued with the rights of a citizen*
2 : IMBUE, TRANSFUSE *a mummy again endued with animation ?Mary W. Shelley*
3 [Middle English induen; influenced by Latin induere to put on] : PUT ON, DON

98

enfeeble

[in'fi:bl] vt. 使衰弱;使无力
vt.: to make feeble : deprive of strength
synonyms see WEAKEN

99

enfetter

[in'fetə] vt. 束缚;上脚镣;使为奴隶
vt. : to bind in fetters : ENCHAIN

100

enflame

[in'fleim] v. 燃烧

101

engaging

[in'ɡeidʒiŋ] adj. 迷人的
v. 参加(engage的ing形式);保证;雇用
Adj. : tending to draw favorable attention or interest : ATTRACTIVE *an engaging smile*

102

engross

[in'ɡrəus] vt. 使全神贯注;用大字体书写;正式写成(决议等);独占;吸引
vt.1 a : to copy or write in a large hand b : to prepare the usually final handwritten or printed text of (an official document)
2 [Middle English, from Anglo-French engrosser, from en gros wholesale, in quantity] a : to purchase large quantities of (as for speculation) b archaic : AMASS, COLLECT c : to take or engage the whole attention of : occupy completely *ideas that have engrossed the minds of scholars for generations*

103

engulf

[in'ɡʌlf] vt. 吞没;吞食,狼吞虎咽
vt.1 : to flow over and enclose : OVERWHELM *the mounting seas threatened to engulf the island*
2 : to take in (food) by or as if by flowing over and enclosing

104

enjoin

[in'dʒɔin] vt. 命令;吩咐;嘱咐;禁止
vt.1 : to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition *enjoined us to be careful*
2 a : FORBID, PROHIBIT *was enjoined by conscience from telling a lie* b : to prohibit by a judicial order : put an injunction on *a book had been enjoined prior to publication ?David Margolick*
synonyms see COMMAND

105

enlightening

[in'laitəniŋ] adj. 使人领悟的;有启发作用的
v. 启蒙;通知(enlighten的ing形式)
Adj.: tending to dissipate ignorance or increase knowledge and awareness *an enlightening glimpse of government in action*

106

enliven

[in'laivən] vt. 使活泼;使生动;使有生气,使活跃
vt. : to give life, action, or spirit to : ANIMATE *fresh flowers enliven the room*

107

ennoble

[i'nəubl] vt. 使…成为贵族;使…高贵;授予爵位
vt.1 : to make noble : ELEVATE *seemed ennobled by suffering*
2 : to raise to the rank of nobility

108

ennui

['ɔnwi:] n. (法)厌倦,无聊;倦怠
Noun. : a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction : BOREDOM

109

enormity

[i'nɔ:məti] n. 巨大;暴行;极恶
Noun.1 : an outrageous, improper, vicious, or immoral act *the enormities of state power ?Susan Sontag* *other enormities too juvenile to mention ?Richard Freedman*
2 : the quality or state of being immoderate, monstrous, or outrageous; especially : great wickedness *the enormity of the crimes committed during the Third Reich ?G. A. Craig*
3 : the quality or state of being huge : IMMENSITY *the inconceivable enormity of the universe*
4 : a quality of momentous importance or impact *the enormity of the decision*

110

enrapture

[in'ræptʃə] vt. 使狂喜;使著迷
vt. : to fill with delight

111

ensconce

[in'skɔns] vt. 安置;安顿下来;使…隐藏
vt.1 : SHELTER, CONCEAL *ensconced themselves within the protection of three great elms ?Mark Twain*
2 : ESTABLISH, SETTLE *ensconced in a new job*

112

enshrine

[ɪn'ʃraɪn; en-] vt. 铭记,珍藏;把…置于神龛内;把…奉为神圣
vt.1 : to enclose in or as if in a shrine
2 : to preserve or cherish as sacred

113

ensign

['ensain, -sən] n. 旗;海军少尉;徽章
Noun.1 : a flag that is flown (as by a ship) as the symbol of nationality and that may also be flown with a distinctive badge added to its design
2 a : a badge of office, rank, or power b : EMBLEM, SIGN
3 a : an infantry officer of what was formerly the lowest commissioned rank b : a commissioned officer in the navy or coast guard ranking above a chief warrant officer and below a lieutenant junior grade

114

ensnare

[ɪn'sneə; en-] vt. 诱捕;诱入陷阱;进入罗网
vt. : to take in or as if in a snare
synonyms see CATCH

115

ensue

[in'sju:] vi. 跟着发生,接着发生;继起
vt. 追求
Transitive verb : to strive to attain : PURSUE *I wander, seeking peace, and ensuing it ?Rupert Brooke*
intransitive verb : to take place afterward or as a result
synonyms see FOLLOW

116

enthrall

[in'θrɔ:l] vt. 迷住,使着迷
vt.1 : to hold in or reduce to slavery
2 : to hold spellbound : CHARM

117

enthralling

[in'θrɔ:liŋ] adj. 迷人的
v. 迷惑;奴役(enthral的现在分词)
Adj.: capable of holding spellbound : intensely absorbing or interesting : ENGROSSING, THRILLING *it was the most enthralling race T that I've seen all season?G.F.T.Ryall* *this T painful little tale of failure and futility is enthralling?David Cecil* *music is the most enthralling T phenomenon in the world?Susanne K. Langer*

118

entirety

[in'taiəti] n. 全部;完全
Noun.1 : the state of being entire or complete
2 : SUM TOTAL, WHOLE

119

entourage

['ɒntʊrɑːʒ; ,ɒntʊ(ə)'rɑːʒ] n. 随从;周围;环境
Noun.1 : one's attendants or associates
2 : SURROUNDINGS

120

entrance

['entrəns] n. 入口;进入
vt. 使出神,使入迷
Noun.1 : power or permission to enter : ADMISSION
2 : the act of entering
3 : the means or place of entry
4 : the point at which a voice or instrument part begins in ensemble music
5 : the first appearance of an actor in a scene
vt.1 : to put into a trance
2 : to carry away with delight, wonder, or rapture *we were entranced by the view*

121


Entreat

[in'tri:t] vt. 恳求;请求
vi. 恳求;乞求
Intransitive verb
1 obsolete a : NEGOTIATE b : INTERCEDE
2 : to make an earnest request : PLEAD
transitive verb
1 : to plead with especially in order to persuade : ask urgently *entreated his boss for another chance*
2 archaic : to deal with : TREAT
synonyms see BEG

122

entreaty

[in'tri:ti] n. 恳求;乞求
Noun.: an act of entreating : PLEA

123

entrust

[in'trʌst] vt. 委托,信托
vt.1 : to confer a trust on; especially : to deliver something in trust to
2 : to commit to another with confidence
synonyms see COMMIT

124

entwine

[in'twain] vt. 缠住;盘绕;使缠绕
vi. 缠住;盘绕
Transitive verb : to twine together or around
intransitive verb : to become twisted or twined

125

enunciate

[i'nʌnsieit, -ʃieit] vt. 发音;阐明;宣布
vi. 阐明;清晰地发音
Transitive verb
1 a : to make a definite or systematic statement of b : ANNOUNCE, PROCLAIM *enunciated the new policy*
2 : ARTICULATE, PRONOUNCE *enunciate all the syllables*
intransitive verb : to utter articulate sounds

126

environ

[in'vaiərən] vt. 环绕;包围;(敌意地或保护性的)围住
vt.: ENCIRCLE, SURROUND

127

envisage

[in'vizidʒ] vt. 正视,面对;想像
vt.1 : to view or regard in a certain way *envisages the slum as a hotbed of crime*
2 : to have a mental picture of especially in advance of realization *envisages an entirely new system of education*
synonyms see THINK

128

epideictic

[,epɪ'deɪktɪk; -'daɪktɪk] adj. 富于词藻的;(文体、演讲等)意在表现词藻技巧的;夸耀的

129

epidermis

[,epi'də:mis] n. [生]上皮,表皮
Noun.1 a : the outer epithelial layer of the external integument of the animal body that is derived from the embryonic epiblast; specifically : the outer nonsensitive and nonvascular layer of the skin of a vertebrate that overlies the dermis b : any of various animal integuments
2 : a thin surface layer of tissue in higher plants formed by growth of a primary meristem

130

epigram

['epiɡræm] n. 警句;讽刺短诗;隽语
Noun.1 : a concise poem dealing pointedly and often satirically with a single thought or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought
2 : a terse, sage, or witty and often paradoxical saying
3 : epigrammatic expression

131

epilogue

['epilɔɡ] n. 结语,收场白;尾声,后记
Noun.1 : a concluding section that rounds out the design of a literary work
2 a : a speech often in verse addressed to the audience by an actor at the end of a play; also : the actor speaking such an epilogue b : the final scene of a play that comments on or summarizes the main action
3 : the concluding section of a musical composition : CODA

132

episode

['episəud] n. 插曲;一段情节;插话;有趣的事件
Noun.1 : a usually brief unit of action in a dramatic or literary work: as a : the part of an ancient Greek tragedy between two choric songs b : a developed situation that is integral to but separable from a continuous narrative : INCIDENT c : one of a series of loosely connected stories or scenes d : the part of a serial presented at one performance
2 : an event that is distinctive and separate although part of a larger series
3 : a digressive subdivision in a musical composition
synonyms see OCCURRENCE

133

epithet

['epiθet] n. 绰号;浑名
Noun.1 a : a characterizing word or phrase accompanying or occurring in place of the name of a person or thing b : a disparaging or abusive word or phrase c : the part of a taxonomic name identifying a subordinate unit within a genus
2 obsolete : EXPRESSION

134

epitomize

[i'pitəmaiz] vt. 摘要;概括;成为…的缩影
vt.1 : to make or give an epitome of
2 : to serve as the typical or ideal example of

135

equable

['ekwəbl] adj. 平静的;变动小的
Adj.1 : marked by lack of variation or change : UNIFORM *an equable distance apart*
2 : marked by lack of noticeable, unpleasant, or extreme variation or inequality *an equable temperament*
synonyms see STEADY

136

equine

['ekwain, 'i:-] adj. 马的;象马的
n. 马
Adj. : of, relating to, or resembling a horse or the horse family

137

equity

['ekwəti] n. 公平,公正;衡平法;普通股;抵押资产的净值
Noun.1 a : justice according to natural law or right; specifically : freedom from bias or favoritism b : something that is equitable
2 a : a system of law originating in the English chancery and comprising a settled and formal body of legal and procedural rules and doctrines that supplement, aid, or override common and statute law and are designed to protect rights and enforce duties fixed by substantive law b : trial or remedial justice under or by the rules and doctrines of equity c : a body of legal doctrines and rules developed to enlarge, supplement, or override a narrow rigid system of law
3 a : a right, claim, or interest existing or valid in equity b : the money value of a property or of an interest in a property in excess of claims or liens against it c : a risk interest or ownership right in property d : the common stock of a corporation

138

equivocate

[i'kwivəkeit] vi. 说模棱两可的话
vi.1 : to use equivocal language especially with intent to deceive
2 : to avoid committing oneself in what one says
synonyms see LIE

139

erase

[i'reiz, i'reis] vt. 抹去;擦除
vi. 被擦去,被抹掉
Transitive verb
1 a : to rub or scrape out (as written, painted, or engraved letters) *erase an error* b : to remove written or drawn marks from *erase a blackboard* c : to remove (recorded matter) from a magnetic medium; also : to remove recorded matter from *erase a videotape* d : to delete from a computer storage device *erase a file*
2 a : to remove from existence or memory as if by erasing b : to nullify the effect or force of
intransitive verb : to yield to erasure

140

erect

[i'rekt] vt. 使竖立;建造;安装
adj. 竖立的;笔直的;因性刺激而勃起的
vi. 直立;勃起
Adj.1 a : vertical in position; also : not spread out or decumbent *an erect plant stem* *columns still erect in the ruins* b : standing up or out from the body *erect hairs* c : characterized by firm or rigid straightness in bodily posture *an erect bearing*
2 archaic : directed upward
3 obsolete : ALERT, WATCHFUL
4 : being in a state of physiological erection
vt.1 a (1) : to put up by the fitting together of materials or parts : BUILD (2) : to fix in an upright position (3) : to cause to stand up or stand out b archaic : to direct upward c : to change (an image) from an inverted to a normal position
2 : to elevate in status
3 : SET UP, ESTABLISH
4 obsolete : ENCOURAGE, EMBOLDEN
5 : to draw or construct (as a perpendicular or figure) upon a given base

141

errand

['erənd] n. 使命;差事;差使
Noun.1 archaic a : an oral message entrusted to a person b : EMBASSY, MISSION
2 a : a short trip taken to attend to some business often for another *was on an errand for his mother* b : the object or purpose of such a trip

142

ersatz

['εəzæts] adj. 代用的;人造的;假的
n. 代用品;仿制品
Adj. : being a usually artificial and inferior substitute or imitation *ersatz turf* *ersatz intellectuals*

143

erupt

[i'rʌpt] vi. 爆发;喷出;发疹;长牙
vt. 爆发;喷出
Intransitive verb
1 a (1) : to burst from limits or restraint (2) of a tooth : to emerge through the gum b : to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up c : to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth *war could erupt at any moment* *the audience erupted in applause*
2 : to break out with or as if with a skin eruption
transitive verb : to force out or release usually suddenly and violently *a volcano erupting lava and ash*

144

escalation

[,eskə'leiʃən] n. 增加;扩大;逐步上升
Noun. : an increasing in extent, volume, number, amount, or scope

145

escort

['eskɔ:t, i'skɔ:t] n. 陪同;护航舰;护卫队;护送者
vt. 护送;陪同;为…护航
Noun.1 a (1) : a person or group of persons accompanying another to give protection or as a courtesy (2) : the man who goes on a date with a woman b : a protective screen of warships or fighter planes or a single ship or plane used to fend off enemy attack from one or more vulnerable craft
2 : accompaniment by a person or an armed protector (as a ship)
vt.: to accompany as an escort

146

espionage

[,espiə'nɑ:ʒ, 'espiənidʒ] n. 间谍;间谍活动;刺探
Noun. : the practice of spying or using spies to obtain information about the plans and activities especially of a foreign government or a competing company *industrial espionage*

147

espy

[i'spai] vt. 看到;认出;发现
vt. : to catch sight of *among the several horsesTshe espied the white mustang ?Zane Grey*

148

etch

[etʃ] vt. 蚀刻;鲜明地描述;铭记
vi. 蚀刻
n. 刻蚀;腐蚀剂
Transitive verb
1 a : to produce (as a pattern or design) on a hard material by eating into the material's surface (as by acid or laser beam) b : to subject to such etching
2 : to delineate or impress clearly *scenes etched in our minds* *pain was etched on his features*
intransitive verb : to practice etching
Noun.1 : the action or effect of etching a surface
2 : a chemical agent used in etching

149

eternal

[i'tə:nəl] adj. 永恒的;不朽的
Adj.1 a : having infinite duration : EVERLASTING *eternal damnation* b : of or relating to eternity c : characterized by abiding fellowship with God *good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life? ?Mark 10:17 (Revised Standard Version)*
2 a : continued without intermission : PERPETUAL *an eternal flame* b : seemingly endless *eternal delays*
3 archaic : INFERNAL *some eternal villainTdevised this slander ?Shakespeare*
4 : valid or existing at all times : TIMELESS *eternal verities*
Noun.1 capitalized : GOD 1 ? used with the
2 : something eternal

150

ethics

['eθiks] n. 伦理学;伦理观;道德标准

151

etymology

[,eti'mɔlədʒi] n. 语源,语源学
Noun.1 : the history of a linguistic form (as a word) shown by tracing its development since its earliest recorded occurrence in the language where it is found, by tracing its transmission from one language to another, by analyzing it into its component parts, by identifying its cognates in other languages, or by tracing it and its cognates to a common ancestral form in an ancestral language
2 : a branch of linguistics concerned with etymologies

152

eugenic

[ju:'dʒenik,-kəl] adj. 优种的;优生学的
Adj.1 : relating to or fitted for the production of good offspring
2 : of or relating to eugenics

153

eulogy

['ju:lədʒi] n. 悼词;颂词;颂扬;赞词
Noun.1 : a commendatory oration or writing especially in honor of one deceased *she delivered the eulogy at his funeral*
2 : high praise
synonyms see ENCOMIUM

154

euphoria

[ju:'fɔ:riə] n. 精神欢快,欣快;兴高采烈;欣快症;幸福愉快感
Noun. : a feeling of well-being or elation

155

evacuate

[i'vækjueit] vt. 疏散,撤退;排泄
vi. 疏散;撤退;排泄
Transitive verb
1 : to remove the contents of : EMPTY
2 : to discharge from the body as waste : VOID
3 : to remove something (as gas or water) from especially by pumping
4 a : to remove especially from a military zone or dangerous area b : to withdraw from military occupation of c : VACATE *were ordered to evacuate the building*
intransitive verb
1 : to withdraw from a place in an organized way especially for protection
2 : to pass urine or feces from the body

156

evasion

[i'veiʒən] n. 逃避;回避;借口
Noun.1 : a means of evading : DODGE
2 : the act or an instance of evading : ESCAPE *suspected of tax evasion*

157

Even-tempered

['i:vən'tempəd] adj. 性情平和的;不易激动的

158

everlasting

[,eveə'lɑ:stiŋ] adj. 永恒的;接连不断的
Adj.1 : lasting or enduring through all time : ETERNAL
2 a (1) : continuing for a long time or indefinitely (2) : having or being flowers or foliage that retain form or color for a long time when dried b : tediously persistent *the everlasting sympathy-seeker who demands attention ?H. A. Overstreet*
3 : wearing indefinitely *everlasting twill pants*
Noun.1 : ETERNITY *from everlasting*
2 capitalized : GOD 1 ? used with the
3 a : any of several chiefly composite plants (as cudweed) with flowers that can be dried without loss of form or color ? compare PEARLY EVERLASTING b : the flower of an everlasting

159

evict

[i'vikt] vt. 驱逐;逐出
vt.1 a : to recover (property) from a person by legal process b : to put (a tenant) out by legal process
2 : to force out : EXPEL
synonyms see EJECT

160

exactitude

[iɡ'zæktitju:d] n. 正确,精确;严格,规规矩矩
Noun. : the quality or an instance of being exact : EXACTNESS

161

exalt

[iɡ'zɔ:lt] vt. 提升;提拔;赞扬;使得意
vi. 使人得意
Transitive verb
1 : to raise in rank, power, or character
2 : to elevate by praise or in estimation : GLORIFY
3 obsolete : ELATE
4 : to raise high : ELEVATE
5 : to enhance the activity of : INTENSIFY *rousing and exalting the imagination ?George Eliot*
intransitive verb : to induce exaltation