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Flashcards in L34 Deck (159):
2

mend

[mend] vt. 修理,修补;改善;修改
vi. 改善,好转
n. 好转,改进;修补处
Transitive verb
1 : to free from faults or defects: as a : to improve in manners or morals : REFORM b : to set right : CORRECT c : to put into good shape or working order again : patch up : REPAIR d : to improve or strengthen (as a relationship) by negotiation or conciliation ? used chiefly in the phrase mend fences *spends the weekend mending political fences ?E. O. Hauser* e : to restore to health : CURE
2 : to make amends or atonement for *least said, soonest mended*
intransitive verb
1 : to improve morally : REFORM
2 : to become corrected or improved
3 : to improve in health; also : HEAL
Noun.1 : an act of mending : REPAIR
2 : a mended place

3

mendacious

[men'deiʃəs] adj. 虚假的;说谎的
Adj.: given to or characterized by deception or falsehood or divergence from absolute truth *mendacious tales of his adventures*
synonyms see DISHONEST

4

mendacity

[men'dæsəti] n. 谎言;虚伪;撒谎癖
Noun.1 : the quality or state of being mendacious
2 : LIE

5

mendicant

['mendikənt] adj. 行乞的;托钵修道会的
n. 乞丐;托钵僧
Noun.1 : BEGGAR 1
2 often capitalized : a member of a religious order (as the Franciscans) combining monastic life and outside religious activity and originally owning neither personal nor community property : FRIAR

6

menthol

['menθɔl] n. 薄荷醇;薄荷脑
Noun.1 : a crystalline alcohol C10H20O that occurs especially in mint oils and has the odor and cooling properties of peppermint
2 plural : mentholated cigarettes

7

mentor

['mentɔ:] n. 指导者,良师益友
Noun.1 capitalized : a friend of Odysseus entrusted with the education of Odysseus' son Telemachus
2 a : a trusted counselor or guide b : TUTOR, COACH
vt.: to serve as a mentor for : TUTOR

8

merit

['merit] n. 优点,价值;功绩;功过
vt. 值得
vi. 应受报答
Noun.1 a obsolete : reward or punishment due b : the qualities or actions that constitute the basis of one's deserts c : a praiseworthy quality : VIRTUE d : character or conduct deserving reward, honor, or esteem; also : ACHIEVEMENT
2 : spiritual credit held to be earned by performance of righteous acts and to ensure future benefits
3 a plural : the substance of a legal case apart from matters of jurisdiction, procedure, or form b : individual significance or justification
transitive verb : to be worthy of or entitled or liable to : EARN
intransitive verb
1 obsolete : to be entitled to reward or honor
2 : DESERVE

9

merited

['meritid] adj. 应得的;理所当然的
v. 值得;应受(merit的过去分词)
Adj.: that is properly earned or deserved *often sharp in merited criticism?G.L.Hendrickson* *a merited success*

10

mesmerism

['mezmərizəm] n. 催眠术;催眠状态;迷惑
Noun.1 : hypnotic induction held to involve animal magnetism; broadly : HYPNOTISM
2 : hypnotic appeal

11

mete

[mi:t] vt. 给予;分配;测量
n. 边界;测量
vt.1 archaic : MEASURE
2 : to give out by measure : DOLE ? usually used with out *mete out punishment*
Noun.: BOUNDARY *metes and bounds*

12

metrical

['metrikə] adj. 测量的;韵律的;有韵律的
Adj.1 : of, relating to, or composed in meter
2 : of or relating to measurement

13

mettle

['metl] n. 勇气;气质;耐力
Noun.1 a : vigor and strength of spirit or temperament *suspected to have more tongue in his head than mettle in his bosom ?Sir Walter Scott* b : staying quality : STAMINA *trucks had proved their mettle in army transport ?Pioneer & Pacemaker*
2 : quality of temperament or disposition *gentlemen of brave mettle ?Shakespeare*
synonyms see COURAGE

14

microbe

['maikrəub] n. 细菌,微生物
Noun. : MICROORGANISM, GERM

15

mien

[mi:n] n. 态度;风采;样子
Noun.1 : air or bearing especially as expressive of attitude or personality : DEMEANOR *of aristocratic mien*
2 : APPEARANCE, ASPECT *dresses of formal mien*
synonyms see BEARING

16

miff

[mif] n. 微怒;小争执
vt. 使……恼怒
vi. 恼羞成怒
Noun.1 : a fit of ill humor
2 : a trivial quarrel
vt.: to put into an ill humor : OFFEND

17

mighty

['maiti] adj. 有力的;强有力的;有势力的
adv. 很;极;非常
n. 有势力的人
Adj.1 : possessing might : POWERFUL
2 : accomplished or characterized by might *a mighty thrust*
3 : great or imposing in size or extent : EXTRAORDINARY
Adv.: EXTREMELY, VERY *a mighty handy gadget*

18

militia

[mi'liʃə] n. 民兵组织;自卫队;义勇军;国民军
Noun.1 a : a part of the organized armed forces of a country liable to call only in emergency b : a body of citizens organized for military service
2 : the whole body of able-bodied male citizens declared by law as being subject to call to military service

19

milk

[milk] n. 牛奶;乳状物
vt. 榨取;挤…的奶
vi. 挤奶
Noun.1 a : a fluid secreted by the mammary glands of females for the nourishment of their young; especially : cow's milk used as a food by humans b : LACTATION *cows in milk*
2 : a liquid resembling milk in appearance: as a : the latex of a plant b : the juice of a coconut composed of liquid endosperm c : the contents of an unripe kernel of grain
transitive verb
1 a (1) : to draw milk from the breasts or udder of (2) obsolete : SUCKLE 2 b : to draw (milk) from the breast or udder c : SUCKLE 1 ? used of domestic animals
2 : to draw something from as if by milking: as a : to induce (a snake) to eject venom b : to draw or coerce profit or advantage from illicitly or to an extreme degree : EXPLOIT *milk the joke for all it's worth*
intransitive verb : to draw or yield milk
Adj.: giving milk; specifically : bred or suitable primarily for milk production *milk cows*

20

mince

[mins] vt. 切碎;矫揉做作地说
vi. 装腔作势;碎步走
n. 切碎物
Transitive verb
1 a : to cut or chop into very small pieces b : to subdivide minutely; especially : to damage by cutting up
2 : to utter or pronounce with affectation
3 a archaic : MINIMIZE b : to restrain (words) within the bounds of decorum
intransitive verb : to walk with short steps in a prim affected manner
Noun.1 : small chopped bits (as of food); specifically : MINCEMEAT
2 British : HAMBURGER 1a

21

mingle

['miŋɡl] vi. 混合;交往
vt. 使混合;使相混
Transitive verb
1 : to bring or mix together or with something else usually without fundamental loss of identity : INTERMIX
2 archaic : to prepare by mixing : CONCOCT
intransitive verb
1 : to become mingled
2 a : to come into contact : ASSOCIATE b : to move about (as in a group) *mingled with the guests*
synonyms see MIX

22

minnow

['minəu] n. 鲦鱼(一种小淡水鱼)
Noun.1 a : a small cyprinid, killifish, or topminnow b : any of various small fish that are less than a designated size and are not game fish
2 : a live or artificial minnow used as bait

23

mint

[mint] n. 薄荷;造币厂,巨款
vt. 铸造,铸币
Noun.1 : any of a family (Labiatae, the mint family) of aromatic plants with a square stem and a 4-lobed ovary which produces four one-seeded nutlets in fruit; especially : any of a genus (Mentha) of mints that have white, purple, or pink verticillate flowers with a nearly regular corolla and four equal stamens and that include some used in flavoring and cookery
2 : a confection flavored with mint
Noun.1 : a place where coins, medals, or tokens are made
2 : a place where something is manufactured
3 : a vast sum or amount *worth a mint*
vt.1 : to make (as coins) out of metal : COIN
2 : CREATE, PRODUCE
3 : to cause to attain an indicated status *newly minted doctors*
Adj.: unmarred as if fresh from a mint *in mint condition*

24

minuet

[,minju'et] n. 小步舞;米奴哀舞
vi. 跳米奴哀舞;跳小步舞
Noun.1 : a slow graceful dance in 3/4 time characterized by forward balancing, bowing, and toe pointing
2 : music for or in the rhythm of a minuet

25

minutes

['minits] n. 分钟(minute的复数);会议记录;备忘录
v. 把…记录在案;为…测定时间(minute的单三形式)

26

minutia

[mi'nju:ʃiə, mai-] n. 琐事,细节
Noun.: a minute or minor detail ? usually used in plural

27

mirage

['mirɑ:ʒ, mi'rɑ:ʒ] n. 海市蜃楼;幻想,妄想
Noun.1 : an optical effect that is sometimes seen at sea, in the desert, or over a hot pavement, that may have the appearance of a pool of water or a mirror in which distant objects are seen inverted, and that is caused by the bending or reflection of rays of light by a layer of heated air of varying density
2 : something illusory and unattainable like a mirage
synonyms see DELUSION

28

mirth

[mə:θ] n. 欢笑;欢乐;高兴
Noun : gladness or gaiety as shown by or accompanied with laughter

29

miscellany

[mɪ'selənɪ] n. 杂录,杂集;混杂;混合物
Noun.1 a plural : separate writings collected in one volume b : a collection of writings on various subjects
2 : a mixture of various things

30

miscreant

['miskriənt] adj. 异端的;邪道的;极恶的
n. 异端;恶棍;罪大恶极之人
Adj.1 : UNBELIEVING, HERETICAL
2 : DEPRAVED, VILLAINOUS *miscreant behavior*
Noun.1 : INFIDEL, HERETIC
2 : one who behaves criminally or viciously

31

miserly

['maizəli] adj. 吝啬的;贪婪的
Adj.: of, relating to, or characteristic of a miser; especially : marked by grasping meanness and penuriousness
synonyms see STINGY

32

misgiving

[,mis'ɡiviŋ] n. 担忧;疑虑;不安
v. 担忧;使…疑虑;害怕(misgive的ing形式)
Noun. : a feeling of doubt or suspicion especially concerning a future event

33

misperceive

[,mispə'si:v] vt. 误解;看错

34

misrepresentation

['mis,reprizen'teiʃən] n. 歪曲;误传
Noun.: an untrue, incorrect, or misleading representation (as of a fact, event, or person); specifically : a representation by words or other means that under the existing circumstances amounts to an assertion not in accordance with the facts *his duty to further the interest of his client does not require him to employ any sort of trickery, chicane, deceit, or misrepresentation?H.S.Drinker*

35

misshapen

[,mis'ʃeipən] adj. 畸形的;丑恶的,怪异的
adj.1 : having an ugly or deformed shape *the tree T dwarfed and misshapen by repeated stripping of its branches?American Guide Series: New Jersey* *a very little oldish, spinsterish, thin, misshapen, stooping woman?Arnold Bennett*
2 : morally or intellectually deformed or distorted *the system of representation had become so misshapen that a new theory had arisen to give constitutional sanction to existing methods?V.L.Parrington* *misshapen ideas of justice*

36

missive

['misiv] n. 公文, 公函;信件,信函
adj. 送出的
Noun. : a written communication : LETTER

37

mistral

['mɪstr(ə)l; mɪ'strɑːl] n. [气象] 密史脱拉风(法国地中海沿岸地带的一种干冷北风)
Noun.: a strong cold dry northerly wind of southern France

38

mnemonics

[ni:'mɔniks] n. 记忆术
Noun. : a technique of improving the memory

39

moan

[məun] vi. 抱怨,悲叹;呻吟
n. 呻吟声;悲叹
vt. 抱怨;呻吟着说
Noun.1 : LAMENTATION, COMPLAINT
2 : a low prolonged sound of pain or of grief
transitive verb
1 : to bewail audibly : LAMENT
2 : to utter with moans
intransitive verb
1 : LAMENT, COMPLAIN
2 a : to make a moan : GROAN b : to emit a sound resembling a moan *the wind moaned in the trees*

40

moat

[məut] n. 护城河;壕沟
vt. 将...围以壕沟
Noun.1 : a deep and wide trench around the rampart of a fortified place (as a castle) that is usually filled with water
2 : a channel resembling a moat (as about a seamount or for confinement of animals in a zoo)

41

mobile

['məubail, -bil, məu'bi:l] adj. 机动的;易变的,;非固定的
n. 运动物体
Adj.1 : capable of moving or being moved : MOVABLE *a mobile missile launcher*
2 a : changeable in appearance, mood, or purpose *mobile face* b : ADAPTABLE, VERSATILE
3 : MIGRATORY
4 a : characterized by the mixing of social groups b : having the opportunity for or undergoing a shift in status within the hierarchical social levels of a society *socially mobile workers*
5 : marked by the use of vehicles for transportation *mobile warfare*
6 : of or relating to a mobile
7 : CELLULAR 3 *a mobile phone*
Noun,. : a construction or sculpture frequently of wire and sheet metal shapes with parts that can be set in motion by air currents; also : a similar structure (as of paper or plastic) suspended so that it moves in a current of air

42

mobility

[məu'biləti] n. 移动性;机动性;迁移率
Noun.1 : the quality or state of being mobile : the capacity or facility of movement : MOVABILITY *the mobility of a liquid* *factors of birth, income, and education affecting social mobility* *the high mobility of modern labor*
2 : the measure of the rate at which a solid is deformed under stress after the yield point has been exceeded
3 a : the average speed at which either gaseous or electrolytic ions move under the influence of a unit potential gradient b : the average speed with which molecules in solution diffuse under the influence of a unit osmotic pressure gradient

43

mock

[mɔk] vt. 嘲弄;模仿;使…失望;使…无效
vi. 嘲弄,嘲笑
n. 嘲弄;仿制品;嘲笑对象
adj. 模拟的;假装的;伪造的
adv. 虚伪地
Transitive verb
1 : to treat with contempt or ridicule : DERIDE
2 : to disappoint the hopes of
3 : DEFY, CHALLENGE
4 a : to imitate (as a mannerism) closely : MIMIC b : to mimic in sport or derision
intransitive verb : JEER, SCOFF
synonyms see RIDICULE, COPY
Noun.1 : an act of ridicule or derision : JEER
2 : one that is an object of derision or scorn
3 : MOCKERY
4 a : an act of imitation b : something made as an imitation
Adj.: of, relating to, or having the character of an imitation : SIMULATED, FEIGNED *the mock solemnity of the parody*
Adv.: in an insincere or counterfeit manner ? usually used in combination *mock-serious*

44

mode

[məud] n. 模式;方式;风格;时尚
Noun.1 a : an arrangement of the eight diatonic notes or tones of an octave according to one of several fixed schemes of their intervals b : a rhythmical scheme (as in 13th and 14th century music)
2 : 2MOOD 2
3 [Late Latin modus, from Latin] a : 2MOOD 1 b : the modal form of the assertion or denial of a logical proposition
4 a : a particular form or variety of something *flying and other modes of transport* b : a form or manner of expression : STYLE
5 : a possible, customary, or preferred way of doing something *explained in the usual solemn mode*
6 a : a manifestation, form, or arrangement of being; specifically : a particular form or manifestation of an underlying substance b : a particular functioning arrangement or condition : STATUS *a spacecraft in reentry mode* *a computer operating in parallel mode*
7 a : the most frequent value of a set of data b : a value of a random variable for which a function of probabilities defined on it achieves a relative maximum
8 : any of various stationary vibration patterns of which an elastic body or oscillatory system is capable *the vibration mode of an airplane propeller blade* *the vibrational modes of a molecule*
synonyms see METHOD
Noun.: a prevailing fashion or style (as of dress or behavior)
synonyms see FASHION

45

modicum

['mɔdikəm] n. 少量,一点点
Noun.: a small portion : a limited quantity

46

modish

['məudiʃ] adj. 流行的;时髦的
Adj.: FASHIONABLE, STYLISH *a modish hat* *a modish writer*

47

moldy

['məuldi] adj. 发霉的;乏味的;陈腐的
Adj.1 : of, resembling, or covered with mold
2 a : being old and moldering : CRUMBLING b : ANTIQUATED, FUSTY *moldy tradition*

48

molest

[məu'lest] vt. 骚扰;调戏;干扰
vt.1 : to annoy, disturb, or persecute especially with hostile intent or injurious effect
2 : to make annoying sexual advances to; especially : to force physical and usually sexual contact on

49

mollify

['mɔlifai] vt. 平息,缓和;使…平静;使…变软
Transitive verb
1 : to soothe in temper or disposition : APPEASE *mollified the staff with a raise*
2 : to reduce the rigidity of : SOFTEN
3 : to reduce in intensity : ASSUAGE, TEMPER
intransitive verb , archaic : SOFTEN, RELENT
synonyms see PACIFY

50

mollycoddle

['mɔli,kɔdl] vt. 溺爱;纵容
n. 女性化的男人;懦夫
Noun.: a pampered or effeminate man or boy
vt.: to treat with an excessive or absurd degree of indulgence and attention
synonyms see INDULGE

51

moment

['məumənt] n. 重要,契机;瞬间;重要时刻;指定时刻
Noun.1 a : a minute portion or point of time : INSTANT b : a comparatively brief period of time
2 a : present time *at the moment she is working on a novel* b : a time of excellence or conspicuousness *he has his moments*
3 : importance in influence or effect *a matter of great moment*
4 obsolete : a cause or motive of action
5 : a stage in historical or logical development
6 a : tendency or measure of tendency to produce motion especially about a point or axis b : the product of quantity (as a force) and the distance to a particular axis or point
7 a : the mean of the nth powers of the deviations of the observed values in a set of statistical data from a fixed value b : the expected value of a power of the deviation of a random variable from a fixed value
synonyms see IMPORTANCE

52

momentum

[məu'mentəm] n. 势头;动量;动力;冲力
Noun.1 : a property of a moving body that the body has by virtue of its mass and motion and that is equal to the product of the body's mass and velocity; broadly : a property of a moving body that determines the length of time required to bring it to rest when under the action of a constant force or moment
2 : strength or force gained by motion or through the development of events : IMPETUS *the campaign gained momentum*

53

monarch

['mɔnək, -ɑ:k] n. 君主,帝王;最高统治者
Noun.1 : a person who reigns over a kingdom or empire: as a : a sovereign ruler b : a constitutional king or queen
2 : one that holds preeminent position or power
3 : MONARCH BUTTERFLY

54

monocle

n. 单片眼镜;[医]单眼绷带
Noun. : an eyeglass for one eye ['mɔnəkl]

55

monograph

['mɔnəɡrɑ:f, -ɡræf] n. 专题著作,专题论文
vt. 写关于…的专著
Noun.: a learned treatise on a small area of learning; also : a written account of a single thing
vt.: to write a monograph on

56

monolithic

[,mɔnəu'liθik] adj. 整体的;巨石的,庞大的;完全统一的
n. 单块集成电路,单片电路
Adj.1 a : of, relating to, or resembling a monolith : HUGE, MASSIVE b (1) : formed from a single crystal *a monolithic silicon chip* (2) : produced in or on a monolithic chip *a monolithic circuit*
2 a : cast as a single piece *a monolithic concrete wall* b : formed or composed of material without joints or seams *a monolithic floor covering* c : consisting of or constituting a single unit
3 a : constituting a massive undifferentiated and often rigid whole *a monolithic society* b : exhibiting or characterized by often rigidly fixed uniformity *monolithic party unity*

57

monologue

['mɔnəlɔɡ] n. [戏]独白
Noun.1 a : SOLILOQUY 2 b : a dramatic sketch performed by one actor c : the routine of a stand-up comic
2 : a literary composition written in the form of a soliloquy
3 : a long speech monopolizing conversation

58

monopoly

[mə'nɔpəli] n. 垄断;垄断者;专卖权
Noun.1 : exclusive ownership through legal privilege, command of supply, or concerted action
2 : exclusive possession or control
3 : a commodity controlled by one party
4 : one that has a monopoly

59

monsoon

[mɔn'su:n] n. 季风;(印度等地的)雨季;季候风
Noun.1 : a periodic wind especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia
2 : the season of the southwest monsoon in India and adjacent areas that is characterized by very heavy rainfall
3 : rainfall that is associated with the monsoon

60

monstrous

['mɔnstrəs] adj. 巨大的;怪异的;荒谬的;畸形的
Adj.1 obsolete : STRANGE, UNNATURAL
2 : having extraordinary often overwhelming size : GIGANTIC
3 a : having the qualities or appearance of a monster b obsolete : teeming with monsters
4 a : extraordinarily ugly or vicious : HORRIBLE b : shockingly wrong or ridiculous
5 : deviating greatly from the natural form or character : ABNORMAL
6 : very great ? used as an intensive
Adv.chiefly dialect : VERY, EXTREMELY *a monstrous long raft ?Mark Twain*

61

moody

['mu:di] adj. 喜怒无常的;易怒的;郁郁寡欢的
Adj.1 : subject to depression : GLOOMY
2 : subject to moods : TEMPERAMENTAL
3 : expressive of a mood

62

mope

[məup] vi. 忧郁;百无聊赖
vt. 使忧郁;没精打采地度过
n. 忧郁的人;消沉
vi.1 archaic : to act in a dazed or stupid manner
2 : to give oneself up to brooding : become listless or dejected
3 : to move slowly or aimlessly : DAWDLE
Noun.1 : one that mopes
2 plural : BLUES 1

63

morale

[mɔ'rɑ:l, -'ræl] n. 士气,斗志
Noun.1 : moral principles, teachings, or conduct
2 a : the mental and emotional condition (as of enthusiasm, confidence, or loyalty) of an individual or group with regard to the function or tasks at hand b : a sense of common purpose with respect to a group : ESPRIT DE CORPS
3 : the level of individual psychological well-being based on such factors as a sense of purpose and confidence in the future

64

mores

['mɔ:ri:z] n. 习惯,习俗;风俗;道德观念
Noun plural.1 : the fixed morally binding customs of a particular group
2 : moral attitudes
3 : HABITS, MANNERS

65

moribund

['mɔribʌnd] adj. 垂死的;停滞不前的
n. 垂死的人
Adj.1 : being in the state of dying : approaching death
2 : being in a state of inactivity or obsolescence

66

morsel

['mɔ:sel] n. 一口;(食物)少量
Noun.1 : a small piece of food : BITE
2 : a small quantity : FRAGMENT
3 a : a tasty dish b : something delectable and pleasing
4 : a negligible person
vt.: to divide into or distribute in small pieces

67

mortgage

['mɔ:ɡidʒ] vt. 抵押
n. 抵押
Noun.1 : a conveyance of or lien against property (as for securing a loan) that becomes void upon payment or performance according to stipulated terms
2 a : the instrument evidencing the mortgage b : the state of the property so mortgaged c : the interest of the mortgagee in such property
vt.1 : to grant or convey by a mortgage
2 : to subject to a claim or obligation : PLEDGE

68

mortification

[,mɔ:tifi'keiʃən] n. 屈辱;禁欲;[医]坏疽
Noun.1 : the subjection and denial of bodily passions and appetites by abstinence or self-inflicted pain or discomfort
2 : NECROSIS, GANGRENE
3 a : a sense of humiliation and shame caused by something that wounds one's pride or self-respect b : the cause of such humiliation or shame

69

mote

[məut] n. 尘埃;微粒;小错
Verbal auxiliary.archaic : MAY, MIGHT
Noun.: a small particle : SPECK

70

motile

['məutail, -til] adj. [生]能动的;显示活力的
n. 运动型
Adj. : exhibiting or capable of movement
Noun.: a person whose prevailing mental imagery takes the form of inner feelings of action

71

motility

[məu'tiləti, 'məutailiti] n. 运动性;能动性;自动力
Noun.: the quality or state of being motile : CONTRACTILITY *gastrointestinal motility?Science*

72

motto

['mɔtəu] n. 座右铭,格言;箴言
Noun.1 : a sentence, phrase, or word inscribed on something as appropriate to or indicative of its character or use
2 : a short expression of a guiding principle

73

mourn

[mɔ:n, məun] v. 哀悼;忧伤;服丧
Intransitive verb
1 : to feel or express grief or sorrow
2 : to show the customary signs of grief for a death; especially : to wear mourning
3 : to murmur mournfully ? used especially of doves
transitive verb
1 : to feel or express grief or sorrow for
2 : to utter mournfully

74

muck

[mʌk] n. 淤泥;垃圾;肥料;品质低劣的东西
vt. 弄脏;施肥;清除…的污物
vi. [英俚]闲逛;鬼混
Noun.1 : soft moist farmyard manure
2 : slimy dirt or filth
3 a : defamatory remarks or writings b : RUBBISH, NONSENSE *mindless muck*
4 a (1) : dark highly organic soil (2) : MIRE, MUD b : something resembling muck : GUNK
5 : material removed in the process of excavating or mining
transitive verb
1 a : to clean up; especially : to clear of manure or filth ? usually used with out b : to clear of muck
2 : to dress (as soil) with muck
3 : to dirty with or as if with muck : SOIL
intransitive verb
1 : to move or load muck (as in a mine)
2 a : to engage in aimless activity ? usually used with about or around b : PUTTER, TINKER ? usually used with about or around *mucking around with his computer* c : INTERFERE, MEDDLE ? usually used with about or around

75

muddy

['mʌdi] adj. 泥泞的;模糊的;混乱的
vt. 使污浊;使沾上泥;把…弄糊涂
vi. 变得泥泞;沾满烂泥
Adj.1 : morally impure : BASE
2 a : full of or covered with mud b : characteristic or suggestive of mud *a muddy flavor* *muddy colors* c : turbid with sediment
3 a : lacking in clarity or brightness : CLOUDY, DULL *a muddy recording* *eyes muddy with sleep* b : obscure in meaning : MUDDLED, CONFUSED *muddy thinking* *a muddy style*
vt.1 : to soil or stain with or as if with mud
2 : to make turbid
3 : to make cloudy or dull
4 : CONFUSE

76

muffle

['mʌfl] vt. 蒙住;裹住;抑制;发低沉的声音
n. 低沉的声音;消声器;包裹物(如头巾,围巾等);唇鼻部
vt.1 : to wrap up so as to conceal or protect : ENVELOP
2 obsolete : BLINDFOLD
3 a : to wrap or pad with something to dull the sound *muffle the oarlocks* b : to deaden the sound of
4 : KEEP DOWN, SUPPRESS *muffled her anger*

77

muggy

['mʌɡi] adj. 闷热的;潮湿的
Adj.: being warm, damp, and close

78

mulish

['mju:liʃ] adj. 顽固的,执拗的;骡子似的
Adj.: unreasonably and inflexibly obstinate
synonyms see OBSTINATE

79

mull

[mʌl] vt. 研磨;思索或思考某事物;使醉
n. 混乱;软薄布
vi. 深思熟虑
Transitive verb
1 : to grind or mix thoroughly : PULVERIZE
2 : to consider at length : PONDER ? often used with over
intransitive verb : MEDITATE, PONDER
vt.: to heat, sweeten, and flavor (as wine or cider) with spices
Noun.: a soft fine sheer fabric of cotton, silk, or rayon
Noun.1 : friable forest humus that forms a layer of mixed organic matter and mineral soil and merges gradually into the mineral soil beneath
2 : a finely powdered solid especially in a suspension

80

multiplicity

[,mʌlti'plisəti] n. 多样性;多重性
Noun.1 a : the quality or state of being multiple or various b : the number of components in a system (as a multiplet or a group of energy levels)
2 : a great number
3 : the number of times a root of an equation or zero of a function occurs when there is more than one root or zero *the multiplicity of x = 2 for the equation (x - 2)3 = 0 is 3*

81

mumble

['mʌmbl] vt. 含糊地说;抿着嘴嚼
vi. 含糊地说话
n. 含糊的话;咕噜
Intransitive verb : to utter words in a low confused indistinct manner : MUTTER
transitive verb
1 : to utter with a low inarticulate voice
2 : to chew or bite with or as if with toothless gums

82

munch

[mʌntʃ] vt. 用力咀嚼;大声咀嚼
vi. 用力咀嚼;大声咀嚼
n. 用力的咀嚼
Transitive verb : to eat with a chewing action *many a mouthful is munched in private ?Washington Irving*; also : to snack on *drank coffee and munched homemade cookies ?Lady Bird Johnson*
intransitive verb : to eat or chew something; also : SNACK ? usually used with on

83

municipality

[mju:,nisi'pæləti] n. 市民;市政当局;自治市或区
Noun.1 : a primarily urban political unit having corporate status and usually powers of self-government
2 : the governing body of a municipality

84

muniments

['mju:nimənts] n. 契据;房契;不动产所有权状(muniment的复数)

85

munition

[mju:'niʃən] vt. 供给军需品
vi. 从事军需品生产
n. 军需品;军火
adj. 军需品的;生产军需品的
Noun.1 archaic : RAMPART, DEFENSE
2 : ARMAMENT, AMMUNITION

86

murmur

['mə:mə] n. 低语;低语声;低声抱怨;潺潺声
vi. 低声说;私下抱怨;发出轻柔持续的声音
vt. 低声说
Noun.1 : a half-suppressed or muttered complaint : GRUMBLING
2 a : a low indistinct but often continuous sound b : a soft or gentle utterance
3 : an atypical sound of the heart typically indicating a functional or structural abnormality
intransitive verb
1 : to make a murmur *the breeze murmured in the pines*
2 : COMPLAIN, GRUMBLE
transitive verb : to say in a murmur

87

muse

[mju:z] n. 沉思;冥想
vt. 沉思;沉思地说
vi. 沉思;凝望
Intransitive verb
1 : to become absorbed in thought; especially : to turn something over in the mind meditatively and often inconclusively
2 archaic : WONDER, MARVEL
transitive verb : to think or say reflectively
synonyms see PONDER
Noun.: a state of deep thought or dreamy abstraction
Noun.1 capitalized : any of the nine sister goddesses in Greek mythology presiding over song and poetry and the arts and sciences
2 : a source of inspiration; especially : a guiding genius
3 : POET

88

mushy

['mʌʃi] adj. 糊状的;感伤的,多愁善感的
Adj.1 a : having the consistency of mush : SOFT b : lacking in definition or precision
2 : excessively tender or emotional; especially : mawkishly amorous

89

musket

['mʌskit] n. 步枪;滑膛枪,毛瑟枪
Noun.: a heavy large-caliber muzzle-loading usually smoothbore shoulder firearm; broadly : a shoulder gun carried by infantry

90

muster

['mʌstə] vt. 召集;对…进行点名;使振作
n. 集合;检阅;点名册;集合人员
vi. 召集;聚集
Noun.1 : a representative specimen : SAMPLE
2 a : an act of assembling; specifically : formal military inspection b : critical examination c : an assembled group : COLLECTION d : INVENTORY
transitive verb
1 a : to cause to gather : CONVENE b : to enroll formally ? usually used with in or into *was mustered into the army* c : to call the roll of
2 a : to bring together : COLLECT b : to call forth : ROUSE
3 : to amount to : COMPRISE
intransitive verb : to come together : CONGREGATE
synonyms see SUMMON

91

mutate

[mju:'teit, 'mju:-] vi. 变化,产生突变
vt. 改变,使突变
Intransitive verb : to undergo mutation
transitive verb : to cause to undergo mutation

92

mute

[mju:t] adj. 哑的;沉默的;无声的
vt. 减弱……的声音;使……柔和
n. 哑巴;弱音器;闭锁音
Adj.1 : unable to speak : lacking the power of speech
2 : characterized by absence of speech: as a : felt or experienced but not expressed *touched her hand in mute sympathy* b : refusing to plead directly or stand trial *the prisoner stands mute*
3 : remaining silent, undiscovered, or unrecognized
4 a : contributing nothing to the pronunciation of a word *the b in plumb is mute* b : contributing to the pronunciation of a word but not representing the nucleus of a syllable *the e in mate is mute*
Noun.1 : STOP 9
2 : a person who cannot or does not speak
3 : a device attached to or inserted into a musical instrument to soften or alter its tone
vt.1 : to muffle, reduce, or eliminate the sound of
2 : to tone down : SOFTEN, SUBDUE *mute a color*
vi.of a bird : to evacuate the cloaca

93

muted

['mju:tid] adj. 柔和的;无言的;趋缓的
v. 使柔和(mute的过去式和过去分词);消除声音
Adj.1 a : being mute : SILENT b : toned down : LOW-KEY, SUBDUED
2 : provided with or produced or modified by the use of a mute

94

mutineer

[,mju:ti'niə] n. 反抗者;叛变者
Noun.: one that mutinies

95

mutinous

['mjuːtɪnəs] adj. 暴动的;反抗的;难制服的
Adj.1 a : disposed to or being in a state of mutiny : REBELLIOUS *a mutinous crew* b : TURBULENT, UNRULY
2 : of, relating to, or constituting mutiny *mutinous threats*

96

mutter

['mʌtə] vi. 咕哝;喃喃自语
vt. 咕哝;抱怨地说;低声含糊地说
n. 咕哝;喃喃低语
Intransitive verb
1 : to utter sounds or words indistinctly or with a low voice and with the lips partly closed
2 : to murmur complainingly or angrily : GRUMBLE
transitive verb : to utter especially in a low or imperfectly articulated manner

97

muzzy

['mʌzi] adj. 无精神的;迷糊的;发呆的
Adj.1 a : deficient in brightness : DULL, GLOOMY *a muzzy day* b : lacking in clarity and precision *his conclusions can be muzzy and naive ?Times Literary Supplement*
2 : muddled or confused in mind

98

myopia

[mai'əupiə] n. 近视;目光短浅,缺乏远见
Noun.1 : a condition in which the visual images come to a focus in front of the retina of the eye resulting especially in defective vision of distant objects
2 : a lack of foresight or discernment : a narrow view of something

99

myopic

[mai'ɔpik] adj. [眼科]近视的;目光短浅的
Adj.1 : affected by myopia : of, relating to, or exhibiting myopia
2 : lacking in foresight, discernment, or liberality *the myopic perspective of the specialist?Erwin Schr*dinger* *policies which are dangerously self-centered and myopic?N.D.Palmer*

100

nadir

['nei,diə, 'næ-] n. 最低点,最底点;天底
Noun.1 : the point of the celestial sphere that is directly opposite the zenith and vertically downward from the observer
2 : the lowest point

101

nag

[næɡ] n. 唠叨;老马;竞赛马
vt. 使烦恼;不断地唠叨
vi. 不断地唠叨
Noun.: HORSE; especially : one that is old or in poor condition
intransitive verb
1 : to find fault incessantly : COMPLAIN
2 : to be a persistent source of annoyance or distraction
transitive verb
1 : to irritate by constant scolding or urging
2 : BADGER, WORRY
Noun.: one who nags habitually

102

naïve

n. 天真;天真的人;简捷法
adj. 天真的;纯朴的
Adj.1 : marked by unaffected simplicity : ARTLESS, INGENUOUS
2 a : deficient in worldly wisdom or informed judgment; especially : CREDULOUS b : not previously subjected to experimentation or a particular experimental situation *made the test with naive rats*; also : not having previously used a particular drug (as marijuana) c : not having been exposed previously to an antigen *naive T cells*
3 a : SELF-TAUGHT, PRIMITIVE b : produced by or as if by a self-taught artist *naive murals*
synonyms see NATURAL

103

Namby-pamby

[,næmbi'pæmbi] n. 性格软弱的人;矫饰
adj. 矫饰的;感伤的

104

narcissism

[nɑ:'sisizəm] n. 自恋,自我陶醉
Noun.1 : EGOISM, EGOCENTRISM
2 : love of or sexual desire for one's own body

105

narcissist

[nɑ:'sisist] n. 自我陶醉者
Noun. : one showing symptoms of or suffering from narcissism

106

nasal

['neizəl] adj. 鼻的;鼻音的
n. [解]鼻骨;鼻音;鼻音字
Noun.1 : the nosepiece of a helmet
2 : a nasal part
3 : a nasal consonant
Adj.1 : of or relating to the nose
2 a : uttered with the soft palate lowered and with passage of air through the nose (as with \m\, \n\, \*\, \**\, or \a*\) b : characterized by resonance produced through the nose
3 of a musical tone : SHARP, PENETRATING

107

nascent

['næsənt, 'nei-] adj. 初期的;开始存在的,发生中的
Adj.: coming or having recently come into existence *a nascent middle class* *her nascent singing career*

108

natal

['neitəl] adj. 出生的;诞生的;分娩的;出生地的
Adj.1 : NATIVE
2 : of, relating to, or present at birth; especially : associated with one's birth *a natal star*

109

nausea

['nɔ:ziə, -siə, -ʃə, -ʒə] n. 恶心,晕船;极端的憎恶
Noun.1 : a stomach distress with distaste for food and an urge to vomit
2 : extreme disgust

110

nauseate

['nɔ:zieit, -si-, -ʃi-] vi. 作呕;厌恶;产生恶感
vt. 使厌恶;使恶心;使作呕
Intransitive verb
1 : to become affected with nausea
2 : to feel disgust
transitive verb : to affect with nausea or disgust

111

nautical

['nɔ:tikəl] adj. 航海的,海上的;船员的
Adj.: of, relating to, or associated with seamen, navigation, or ships

112

naysay

['neisei] n. 拒绝;否认
vt. 拒绝;否认
vt.: DENY, REFUSE, OPPOSE *there might have been T for anything he could naysay?W.F.DeMorgan*

113

naysayer

['neiseiə] n. 否定者;拒绝者;老是唱反调的人
Noun. : one who denies, refuses, opposes, or is skeptical or cynical about something

114

necessitous

[nɪ'sesɪtəs] adj. 贫困的,贫穷的;紧急的
Adj.1 : NEEDY, IMPOVERISHED
2 : URGENT, PRESSING
3 : NECESSARY

115

needle

['ni:dl] n. 针;指针;刺激;针状物
vi. 缝纫;做针线
vt. 刺激;用针缝
Noun.1 a : a small slender usually steel instrument that has an eye for thread or surgical sutures at one end and that is used for sewing b : any of various devices for carrying thread and making stitches (as in crocheting or knitting) c (1) : a slender hollow instrument for introducing material into or removing material from the body (as by insertion under the skin) (2) : any of various slender hollow devices used to introduce matter (as air) into or remove it from an object (as a ball)
2 a : a slender bar of magnetized steel that when allowed to turn freely (as in a compass) indicates the direction of a magnetic field (as of the earth) b : a slender usually sharp-pointed indicator on a dial
3 a : a slender pointed object resembling a needle: as (1) : a pointed crystal (2) : a sharp rock (3) : OBELISK b : a needle-shaped leaf (as of a conifer) c : a slender rod (as of jewel or steel) with a rounded tip used in a phonograph to transmit vibrations from a record : STYLUS d : a slender pointed rod controlling a fine inlet or outlet (as in a valve)
4 : a teasing or gibing remark
transitive verb
1 : to sew or pierce with or as if with a needle
2 a : TEASE, TORMENT b : to incite to action by repeated gibes *needled the boy into a fight*
intransitive verb : SEW, EMBROIDER

116

nefarious

[ni'fεəriəs] adj. 邪恶的;穷凶极恶的;不法的
Adj. : flagrantly wicked or impious : EVIL
synonyms see VICIOUS

117

negation

[ni'ɡeiʃən] n. 否定,否认;拒绝
Noun.1 a : the action or logical operation of negating or making negative b : a negative statement, judgment, or doctrine; especially : a logical proposition formed by asserting the falsity of a given proposition ? see TRUTH TABLE table
2 a : something that is the absence of something actual : NONENTITY b : something considered the opposite of something regarded as positive

118

negligence

['neɡlidʒəns] n. 疏忽;忽视;粗心大意
Noun.1 a : the quality or state of being negligent b : failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in like circumstances
2 : an act or instance of being negligent

119

nemesis

n. 报应;给与惩罚的人;天罚
n. 主要敌人,强硬对手
Noun.1 capitalized : the Greek goddess of retributive justice

120

neologism

[ni:'ɔlədʒizəm, ni-] n. 新词;新义;新词的使用
Noun.1 : a new word, usage, or expression
2 : a meaningless word coined by a psychotic

121

neonate

['ni:əuneit] n. 婴儿
Noun. : a newborn child; especially : a child less than a month old

122

neophyte

['ni:əufait] n. 新信徒;新入教者;初学者
Noun.1 : a new convert : PROSELYTE
2 : NOVICE 1
3 : TYRO, BEGINNER

123

nerve

[nə:v] n. 神经;勇气;[植]叶脉
vt. 鼓起勇气
Noun.1 : SINEW, TENDON *strain every nerve*
2 : any of the filamentous bands of nervous tissue that connect parts of the nervous system with the other organs, conduct nervous impulses, and are made up of axons and dendrites together with protective and supportive structures
3 a : power of endurance or control : FORTITUDE, STRENGTH b : ASSURANCE, BOLDNESS; also : presumptuous audacity : GALL
4 a : a sore or sensitive point *her remark touched a nerve* b plural : nervous agitation or irritability : NERVOUSNESS *a case of nerves*
5 : VEIN 3
6 : the sensitive pulp of a tooth
synonyms see TEMERITY
vt.: to give strength or courage to : supply with physical or moral force

124

nethermost

['neðəməʊst] adj. 最下面的;最低的
Adj.: farthest down : LOWEST

125

nettle

['netl] vt. 剌激;惹恼;用荨麻刺
n. 荨麻
adj. 荨麻科的
Noun.1 : any of a genus (Urtica of the family Urticaceae, the nettle family) of chiefly coarse herbs armed with stinging hairs
2 : any of various prickly or stinging plants other than the true nettles (genus Urtica)
vt.1 : to strike or sting with or as if with nettles
2 : to arouse to sharp but transitory annoyance or anger
synonyms see IRRITATE

126

neurology

[,njuə'rɔlədʒi] n. [医]神经病学;[医]神经学
Noun.: the scientific study of the nervous system especially in respect to its structure, functions, and abnormalities

127

neurosis

[njuə'rəusis] n. 神经症;神经衰弱症
Noun.: a mental and emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality, is accompanied by a less distorted perception of reality than in a psychosis, does not result in disturbance of the use of language, and is accompanied by various physical, physiological, and mental disturbances (as visceral symptoms, anxieties, or phobias)

128

neutralize

['nju:trəlaiz] vt. 抵销;使…中和;使…无效;使…中立
vi. 中和;中立化;变无效
Transitive verb
1 : to make chemically neutral
2 a : to counteract the activity or effect of : make ineffective *propaganda that is difficult to neutralize* b : KILL, DESTROY
3 : to make electrically inert by combining equal positive and negative quantities
4 : to invest (as a territory or a nation) with conventional or obligatory neutrality conferring inviolability during a war
5 : to make neutral by blending with the complementary color
6 : to give (as a pair of phonemes) a nondistinctive form or pronunciation *\t\ and \d\ are neutralized when pronounced as flaps*
intransitive verb : to undergo neutralization

129

nifty

adj. 俏皮的;漂亮的
n. 俏皮话
Adj.: very good : very attractive : FINE *nifty clothes*
Noun.: something that is nifty; especially : a clever or neatly turned phrase or joke['nifti]

130

niggle

['niɡl] vi. 拘泥小节;为琐事费时;挑剔
vt. 小气地给…;玩忽
Intransitive verb
1 a : TRIFLE b : to spend too much effort on minor details
2 : to find fault constantly in a petty way : CARP *she haggles, she niggles, she wears out our patience ?Virginia Woolf*
3 : GNAW
transitive verb : to give stingily or in tiny portions
Noun.chiefly British : a trifling doubt, objection, or complaint

131

niggling

['niɡliŋ] adj. 为琐事操心的;过于精细的;琐碎的
n. 过于琐碎的工作;无关紧要的事
v. 挑剔(niggle的ing形式)
Adj.: PETTY; also : bothersome or persistent especially in a petty or tiresome way *niggling injuries*

132

nil

[nil] n. 无,零
Noun.: NOTHING, ZERO

133

nimble

['nimbl] adj. 敏捷的;聪明的;敏感的
Adj.1 : quick and light in motion : AGILE *nimble fingers*
2 a : marked by quick, alert, clever conception, comprehension, or resourcefulness *a nimble mind* b : RESPONSIVE, SENSITIVE *a nimble listener*

134

nip

[nip] vt. 夹;捏;剪断;冻伤;阻止
vi. 夹;捏;刺骨;小饮
n. 夹;捏;刺骨;小饮
Transitive verb
1 a : to catch hold of and squeeze tightly between two surfaces, edges, or points : PINCH, BITE *the dog nipped his ankle* b : to pinch in (as a garment) *a dress nipped at the waist*
2 a : to sever by or as if by pinching sharply b : to destroy the growth, progress, or fulfillment of *nipped in the bud*
3 : to injure or make numb with cold : CHILL
4 : SNATCH, STEAL
5 : to defeat by a small margin
intransitive verb
1 : to move briskly, nimbly, or quickly
2 chiefly British : to make a quick trip
Noun.1 : something that nips: as a archaic : a sharp biting comment b : a sharp stinging cold *a nip in the air* c : a biting or pungent flavor : TANG *cheese with a nip*
2 : the act of nipping : PINCH, BITE
3 : the region of a squeezing or crushing device (as a calender) where the rolls or jaws are closest together
4 : a small portion
Noun.: a small quantity of liquor : SIP; also : a very small bottle of liquor
vi. : to take liquor in nips : TIPPLE

135

nomad

['nəumæd, 'nɔ-] n. 游牧民;流浪者
adj. 游牧的;流浪的
Noun.1 : a member of a people who have no fixed residence but move from place to place usually seasonally and within a well-defined territory
2 : an individual who roams about

136

nominal

['nɔminəl] adj. 名义上的;有名无实的;票面上的
n. 名词性词
Adj.1 : of, relating to, or being a noun or a word or expression taking a noun construction
2 a : of, relating to, or constituting a name b : bearing the name of a person
3 a : existing or being something in name or form only *nominal head of his party* b : of, being, or relating to a designated or theoretical size that may vary from the actual : APPROXIMATE *the pipe's nominal size* c : TRIFLING, INSIGNIFICANT *his involvement was nominal* *charged only nominal rent*
4 of a rate of interest a : equal to the annual rate of simple interest that would obtain if interest were not compounded when in fact it is compounded and paid for periods of less than a year b : equal to the percentage by which a repaid loan exceeds the principal borrowed with no adjustment made for inflation
5 : being according to plan : SATISFACTORY *everything was nominal during the launch*
Noun.: a word or word group functioning as a noun

137

nominate

['nɔmineit, 'nɔminət, -neit] vt. 推荐;提名;任命;指定
vt.1 : DESIGNATE, NAME
2 a : to appoint or propose for appointment to an office or place b : to propose as a candidate for election to office c : to propose for an honor *nominate her for player of the year*
3 : to enter (a horse) in a race

138

nonplus

[,nɔn'plʌs, 'nɔnplʌs] n. 迷惑;困惑
vt. 使困惑
Noun.: a state of bafflement or perplexity : QUANDARY
vt.: to cause to be at a loss as to what to say, think, or do : PERPLEX
synonyms see PUZZLE

139

noose

[nu:s] n. 套索;束缚;绞刑
vt. 用套索捉;使落入圈套
Noun.1 : a loop with a slipknot that binds closer the more it is drawn
2 : something that snares like a noose
vt.1 : to secure by a noose
2 : to make a noose in or of

140

nostrum

['nɔstrəm] n. 秘方;成药;万能药
Noun.1 : a medicine of secret composition recommended by its preparer but usually without scientific proof of its effectiveness
2 : a usually questionable remedy or scheme : PANACEA *an audience eager to believe he had found the nostrum for all of society's ills ?Warren Sloat*

141

noxious

['nɔkʃəs] adj. 有害的;有毒的;败坏道德的;讨厌的
Adj.1 a : physically harmful or destructive to living beings *noxious waste* b : constituting a harmful influence on mind or behavior; especially : morally corrupting *noxious doctrines*
2 : DISAGREEABLE, OBNOXIOUS
synonyms see PERNICIOUS

142

nucleate

['nju:klieit, 'nju:kliit, -eit] adj. 有核的
vt. 使成核
vi. 成核
Transitive verb
1 : to form into a nucleus : CLUSTER
2 : to act as a nucleus for
3 : to supply nuclei to
intransitive verb
1 : to form a nucleus
2 : to act as a nucleus
3 : to begin to form

143

nugatory

['nju:ɡətəri] adj. 无价值的;琐碎的;无效的;无法律效力的
Adj.1 : of little or no consequence : TRIFLING, INCONSEQUENTIAL
2 : having no force : INOPERATIVE
synonyms see VAIN

144

nullify

['nʌlifai] vt. 使无效,作废;取消
vt.1 : to make null; especially : to make legally null and void
2 : to make of no value or consequence

145

numinous

['njuːmɪnəs] adj. 精神上的;超自然的;神圣的;庄严的
Adj.1 : SUPERNATURAL, MYSTERIOUS
2 : filled with a sense of the presence of divinity : HOLY
3 : appealing to the higher emotions or to the aesthetic sense : SPIRITUAL

146

numismatist

[nju:'mizmətist] n. 钱币奖章收藏家
Noun.1 : a specialist in numismatics
2 : a collector of numismatic objects : a coin collector

147

oasis

[əu'eisis, 'əuəsis] n. 绿洲;舒适的地方;令人宽慰的事物
Noun.1 : a fertile or green area in an arid region (as a desert)
2 : something that provides refuge, relief, or pleasant contrast

148

oath

[əuθ] n. 誓言,誓约;诅咒,咒骂
Noun.1 a (1) : a solemn usually formal calling upon God or a god to witness to the truth of what one says or to witness that one sincerely intends to do what one says (2) : a solemn attestation of the truth or inviolability of one's words b : something (as a promise) corroborated by an oath
2 : an irreverent or careless use of a sacred name; broadly : SWEARWORD

149

obedient

[əu'bi:diənt] adj. 顺从的,服从的;孝顺的
Adj.: submissive to the restraint or command of authority : willing to obey

150

obeisance

[əu'beisəns, -'bi:-] n. 敬礼;尊敬
Noun.1 : a movement of the body made in token of respect or submission : BOW
2 : acknowledgment of another's superiority or importance : HOMAGE *makes obeisance to her mentors*

151

objection

[əb'dʒekʃən, ɔb-] n. 异议,反对;缺陷,缺点;妨碍;拒绝的理由
Noun.1 : an act of objecting
2 a : a reason or argument presented in opposition b : a feeling or expression of disapproval

152

objective

[əb'dʒektiv, ɔb-] adj. 客观的;目标的;[语法学]宾格的
n. 目的;目标;[光学]物镜;[语法学]宾格
Adj.1 a : relating to or existing as an object of thought without consideration of independent existence ? used chiefly in medieval philosophy b : of, relating to, or being an object, phenomenon, or condition in the realm of sensible experience independent of individual thought and perceptible by all observers : having reality independent of the mind *objective reality* *our reveriesTare significantly and repeatedly shaped by our transactions with the objective world ?Marvin Reznikoff* ? compare SUBJECTIVE 3a c of a symptom of disease : perceptible to persons other than the affected individual ? compare SUBJECTIVE 4c d : involving or deriving from sense perception or experience with actual objects, conditions, or phenomena *objective awareness* *objective data*
2 : relating to, characteristic of, or constituting the case of words that follow prepositions or transitive verbs
3 a : expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations *objective art* *an objective history of the war* *an objective judgment* b of a test : limited to choices of fixed alternatives and reducing subjective factors to a minimum
synonyms see MATERIAL, FAIR
Noun.1 : a lens or system of lenses that forms an image of an object
2 a : something toward which effort is directed : an aim, goal, or end of action b : a strategic position to be attained or a purpose to be achieved by a military operation
synonyms see INTENTION

153

oblige

[ə'blaidʒ] vt. 迫使;强制;赐,施恩惠;责成
vi. 帮忙;施恩惠
Transitive verb
1 : to constrain by physical, moral, or legal force or by the exigencies of circumstance *obliged to find a job*
2 a : to put in one's debt by a favor or service *we are much obliged for your help* b : to do a favor for *always ready to oblige a friend*
intransitive verb : to do something as or as if as a favor
synonyms see FORCE

154

oblique

[ə'bli:k, ə'blaik] adj. 斜的;不光明正大的
n. 倾斜物
vi. 倾斜
Adj.1 a : neither perpendicular nor parallel : INCLINED b : having the axis not perpendicular to the base *an oblique cone* c : having no right angle *an oblique triangle*
2 a : not straightforward : INDIRECT; also : OBSCURE b : DEVIOUS, UNDERHANDED
3 : situated obliquely and having one end not inserted on bone *oblique muscles*
4 : taken from an airplane with the camera directed horizontally or diagonally downward *an oblique photograph*
Noun.1 : something (as a line) that is oblique
2 : any of several oblique muscles; especially : any of the thin flat muscles forming the middle and outer layers of the lateral walls of the abdomen
Adv.: at a 45 degree angle *to the right oblique, march*

155

obloquy

['ɔbləkwi] n. 毁谤;耻辱;漫骂
Noun.1 : a strongly condemnatory utterance : abusive language
2 : the condition of one that is discredited : bad repute
synonyms see ABUSE

156

obnoxious

[ɔb'nɔkʃəs] adj. 讨厌的;可憎的;不愉快的
Adj.1 archaic : exposed to something unpleasant or harmful ? used with to
2 archaic : deserving of censure
3 : odiously or disgustingly objectionable : highly offensive

157

observance

[əb'zə:vəns] n. 惯例;遵守;仪式;庆祝
Noun.1 a : a customary practice, rite, or ceremony *Sabbath observances* b : a rule governing members of a religious order
2 : an act or instance of following a custom, rule, or law *observance of the speed limits*
3 : an act or instance of watching

158

obsess

[ɔb'ses] vt. 迷住,缠住;使…着迷;使…困扰
Transitive verb : to haunt or excessively preoccupy the mind of *was obsessed with the idea*
intransitive verb : to engage in obsessive thinking : become obsessed with an idea

159

obsession

[əb'seʃən, ɔb-] n. 痴迷;困扰;强迫观念
Noun.1 : a persistent disturbing preoccupation with an often unreasonable idea or feeling; broadly : compelling motivation *an obsession with profits*
2 : something that causes an obsession

160

obsessive

[əb'sesiv, ɔb-] adj. 强迫性的;着迷的;分神的
Adj.1 a : tending to cause obsession b : excessive often to an unreasonable degree
2 : of, relating to, or characterized by obsession : deriving from obsession