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AP PSYCH > Language > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language Deck (11)
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1

Language

Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning

2

Phoneme

Smallest distinctive sound unit (syllables)

3

Morpheme

Smallest unit that carries meaning

4

Grammar

A system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

5

Semantics

The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words an sentences (tenses & structure)

6

Syntax

The rules for combing words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language (casa blanca)

7

Babbling stage

Infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated I the household language (4 months)

8

One word stage

Child speaks mostly in single words

9

Two word stage

Child speaks mostly two word statements

10

Telegraphic speech

Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram using mostly nouns and verbs

11

Linguistic determinism

Language determines the way we think (Whorf)