Social Psychology Flashcards Preview

AP PSYCH > Social Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

aggression

Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy

2

Cognitive dissonance

Occurs when two thoughts or cognitions, are variance with one another

3

Social exchange theory

Our social behavior revolves around exchanges in which we try to minimize our costs and maximize our benefits

4

Group polarization

The enhancement of a group’s prevailing tendencies through discussion

5

Social responsibility norm

The expectation that people will help those who depend on them

6

GRIT )Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension-Reduction)

A strategy of conflict resolution based on the defusing effect that conciliatory gestures can have on parties in conflict

7

equity

The condition in which there is mutual giving and receiving between the partners in a relationship

8

Groupthink

The unrealistic though processes and decision making that occur within groups when the desire for group harmony overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives

9

attitudes

Feelings, often based on beliefs, that may predispose a person to respond in particular ways to objects, people and events

10

Reciprocity norm

The expectation that people will help those who have helped them

11

Attribution theory

Deals with our causal explanations of behavior

12

Deindividuation

The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint that sometimes occurs in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity

13

Passionate love

An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another person

14

Foot in the door phenomenon

The tendency for people who agree to a small request to comply later with a larger request

15

Social psychology

The scientific study of how we think about, influence and relate to one another

16

prejudice

An unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members

17

altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

18

Superordinate goals

Mutual goals that require the cooperation of individuals or groups otherwise in conflict

19

Social trap

A situation in which conflicting parties become caught up in mutually harmful behavior as they pursue their perceived best interest

20

Social facilitation

The improvement in performance of simple or well learned tasks that occurs when other people are present

21

Frustration aggression principle

Aggression is triggered when people become angry because their efforts to achieve a goal have been blocked

22

Just world phenomenon

Manifestation of the commonly held belief that good is rewarded and evil is punished

23

Normative social influence

Refers to the pressure on individuals to conform in order to avoid rejection or gain social approval

24

Ingroup bias

The tendency to favor one’s own group

25

Scapegoat theory

Proposes that prejudice provides an outlet for anger by finding someone to blame

26

Mere exposure effect

Refers to the fact that repeated exposure to an unfamiliar stimulus increases our liking of it

27

Social loafing

The tendency for individual effort to be diminished when one is part of a group working toward a common goal

28

Informational social influence

One goes along with a group when one is willing to accept others’ opinions about reality

29

Bystander effect

The tendency of a person to be less likely to offer help to someone if there are other people present

30

Compassionate love

Deep, enduring, affectionate attachment