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Flashcards in Learning Deck (39)
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1

learning

a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience

2

associative learning

ideas and beliefs reinforce eachother and can be mentally linked to enhance the learning process

3

classical conditioning

an organsim learns by associating stimuli

4

unconditioned response (UR)

an unlearned, naturally occuring response

5

unconditioned stimulus (US)

stimulus that naturally triggers an unconditioned response

6

conditioned response (CR)

a learned response to a conditioned stimulus

7

conditioned stimulus (CS)

originally irelevant stimulus that now triggers a conditioned response

8

behaviorism

1) psychology should be an objective science 2) psychology studies behavior w/out reference to the mental process

9

acquisition

initial stage in classical conditioning & strengthening response in operant conditioning

10

extinction

diminishing of a conditioned response

11

spontaneous recovery

reappearance after a pause of an extinguished response

12

generalization

similar stimulus triggers a conditioned response

13

discrimination

learned ability to distinguish between conditioned & irelevant stimulus

14

operant conditioning

behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcment or diminished if followed by a punishment

15

respondent behavior

behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus

16

law of effect

behaviors followed by favorable/unfavorable consequences become more/less likely (Thorndike)

17

operant behavior

behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences

18

operant chamber

a chamber containing a bar or key animals can manipulate to obtain reinforcment

19

shaping

the reinforcer guides behavior towards desired behavior

20

reinforcer

any event that strengthens the behavior that follows

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positive reinforcment

increasing behaviors by producing a positive stimulus

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negative reinforcemnet

increasing behaviors by reducing a negative stimulus

23

variable ratio shcedule

reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response fter an unpredictalbe number of responses (slot machine)

24

fixed interval schedule

reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specific time has elapsed (mail comes every morning at 8am)

25

variable interval schedule

reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictalbe intervals (waiting for text messages)

26

fixed ratio schedule

reinforcement schedule that reinforces after a certain number of responses (a meal deal after 10 purchases)

27

punishment

an event that decreases the behavior that follows

28

cognitive map

a mental representation of the layout of one's environment

29

latent learning

learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it

30

intrinsic motivation

the desire to perform behavior for its own sake