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Flashcards in Psychotherapy Deck (26)
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9. Behavior therapy

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

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20.Meta-analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

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3.Eclectic approach

An approach to psychotherapy that depending on the client�s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

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1.psychotherapy

An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties

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19.Regression toward the mean

The tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back toward their average

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18.Family therapies

Therapy that treats the family as a system

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22.Tardive dyskinesia

Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue and limbs

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24.Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain

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15.Token economy

An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges of treats

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25.psychosurgery

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

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10.counterconditioning

A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors

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13.Virtual reality exposure therapy

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears

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5.interpretation

In psychoanalysis, the analyst�s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

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21.psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

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26.lobotomy

A now rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients

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8.Active listening

Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates and clarifies

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17.Cognitive behavior therapy

A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy

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16.Cognitive therapy

Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting

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11.Exposure therapies

Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear & avoid

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7.Client-centered therapy

A humanistic therapy, developed by carl rogers in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients� growth

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14.Aversive conditioning

A type of counter conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

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6.transference

In psychoanalysis, the patient�s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

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23.Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of the anesthetized patient

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4.resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety laden material

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2.Biomedical therapy

Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient�s nervous system

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12.Systematic desensitization

A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli