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AP PSYCH > Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Deck (36)
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1

memory

the persistenc eof learning over time through the storage and retrival of information

2

flashbulb memory

a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

3

encoding

the processing of information into the memory system

4

storage

the retention of encoded information over time

5

retrieval

the process of getting information out of memory storage

6

sensory memory

the immediate, brief recording of sensory information in the memory system

7

long term memory

relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system

8

short term memory

activated memory that holds a few items briefly (phone number)

9

working memory

a newer understanding of shortterm memor that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory & visual spatical information an d of information from long term memory

10

automatic processing

unconscious encoding of incidental information

11

effortful processing

encoding that requires attention and conscious effort

12

rehersal

the conscious repitition of information either to naintain it in consciousness of to encode it for storage

13

spacing effect

distributing and studying/practicing to yield better long term memory retention

14

serial position effect

our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list

15

visual encoding

the encoding of sound

16

acoustic encoding

the encoding of picture images

17

semantic encoding

encoding of meaning (words, symbols)

18

imagery

mental pictures

19

mnemonics

memory aids (peg words)

20

chunking

organizing items into familiar, manageable units (a list of numbers into years)

21

ionic memory

a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli

22

echoic memory

a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli

23

long term potentiation

an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation

24

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory due to injury, illness, shock or psychological disturbance

25

implicit memory

retention independent of conscious recollection (procedural memory;how to ride a bike)

26

explicit memory

memory of facts & experiences that one can consciously know and declare (declaritive memory)

27

hippocampus

a neural center that is located in the limbic system & helps process explicit memories for storage

28

recall

a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlies (fill in the blank)

29

recognition

a measure of memory in which the person must identify items previously learned (multiple choice)

30

relearning

memory measure that assesses the amound of time saved when learning material for a second time