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AP PSYCH > Intelligence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intelligence Deck (23)
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1

Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

2

Factor analysis

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test

3

General intelligence

A general intelligence factor that underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test (Spearman)

4

Savant syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional, specific skill

5

Emotional intelligence

The ability to perceive, understand, manage and use emotions

6

Creativity

The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

7

Intelligence test

A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others

8

Mental age

A measure of intelligence test performance; the chronological age that typically corresponds to a given level of performance (Binet)

9

Stanford-Binet

The widely used American revision of Binet's original intelligence test (Lewis Terman)

10

Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100
(mental age/current age)x100

11

Aptitude test

A test designed to predict a person's future performance (capacity to learn)

12

Achievement test

A test designed to assess what a person has learned

13

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

The WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests

14

Standardization

Defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group

15

Normal curve

The symmetrical bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes

16

Reliability

The extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, an alternate form of the test or by retesting

17

Validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it's suppose to

18

Content validity

The extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

19

Criterion

The behavior that a test is designed to predict

20

Predictive validity

The success with which a test predicts the behavior t is designed to predict

21

Mental retardation

A condition of limited ability

22

Down syndrome

A condition of retardation that is associated with physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup

23

Stereotype threat

A self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype