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Flashcards in Disorders Deck (20)
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1

Psychological disorder

Deviant, distressful and dysfunctional behavior patterns

2

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of 3 key symptoms (extreme inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity)

3

Medical model

The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated and cured

4

DSM-IV

A widely used system for classifying psychological disorders

5

Anxiety disorders

Psychological disorders classified by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

6

Generalized anxiety disorder

An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal

7

Panic disorder

An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking or other frightening sensations

8

Phobia

An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation

9

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OSD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions ( compulsions)

10

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety and or insomnia that lingers for weeks or more after a traumatic experience

11

Dissociative disorders

Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts and feelings

12

Dissociative identity disorder (DID)

A rare disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personality disorders

13

Mood disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes

14

Major depressive disorder

A mood disorder in which a person experiences two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings or worthlessness and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities

15

Mania

A mood disorder marked by hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

16

Bipolar disorder

A mood disorder in which he person alternates between hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania

17

Schizophrenia

A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions and inappropriate emotions and actions

18

Delusions

False beliefs, often persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders

19

Personality disorders

Psychological disorder characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

20

Antisocial personality disorder

A personality disorder in which the person exhibits a lack of conscious for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members