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AP PSYCH > Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation Deck (25)
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1

Instinct

A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned

2

Task leadership

Goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work and focuses attention on goals

3

Organizational Psychology

A subfield of IO psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change

4

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting or excessive exercise

5

Incentive

A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

6

Industrial Organizational Psychology

The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

7

Testosterone

The most important of the males sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty

8

Homeostasis

A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state

9

Achievement motivation

A desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard

10

Social leadership

Group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict and offers support

11

Set point

The point at which an individual’s “weight thermostat” is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight

12

Sexual Response Cycle

The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson (Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm & Resolution)

13

Refractory Period

A resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm

14

Flow

A completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one’s skills

15

Motivation

A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

16

Sexual Disorder

A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning

17

Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active

18

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve

19

Drive Reduction Theory

The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need

20

Basal Metabolic Rate

The body’s resting rate of energy expenditure

21

Personnel Psychology

A subfield of IO psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal and development

22

Structured interviews

Interview process that asks the same job relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales

23

Sexual Orientation

An enduring sexual attraction toward member of either one’s own sex or the opposite sex

24

Glucose

The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues

25

Estrogen

A sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity