Flashcards in Languedoc Rousillon Producers Deck (40):
Which estate is often referred to as the "Grand Cru of the Midi?
Mas de Daumas Gassac (pronounce all "S")
Where is Mas de Daumas Gassac?
The village of L'H̩rault in the Gassac Valley.
What is the soil type in the Gassac valley? What are the major climatic influences?
Iron-rich, powdery glacial scree.
Climate is influenced by the Gassac river, and additionally moderated by the surrounding mountains.
Daumas Gassac: Farming
Organic since inception
Daumas Gassac: First vintage
1978 for the Grand Vin. Planting began in 1972.
1986 for the White
Who was the major consulting winemaker at Daumas Gassac during its inception?
Emile Peynaud, Bordeaux
What are the cepages for the flagship wines of Mas de Daumas Gassac?
Red: 80% Cabernet Sauvignon, plus
White: Viognier, Chardonnay, Petit Manseng, Chenin Blanc, plus
What is Moulin de Gassac?
A second line of wines devoted to indigenous varities, farmed by the members of the Cave de Villeveyrac coopeartive and overseen by the Guibert family. Launched in 1991.
What is Cuv̩e Emmanuel Peynaud?
The prestige cuv̩e of Mas de Daumas Gassac. 100% Cabernet Sauvignon. Barrel selection in great years. First vintage 2001.
What is Vin de Laurence?
A sweet wine by Mas de Daumas Gassac, 50% Sercial, 50% Muscat Blanc.
Passillerage? "Inspired by Vin de Constance and Tokaji. Aged in wood for 10 years, made only in worthy vintages.
First vintage 1997. Not made between 1998 and 2008.
Who founded Grange des P̬res, where, and when?
Laurent Vaill̩. H̩rault, in 1992 (vines planted in 1989).
Where did the cuttings for Grange des P̬res originate?
Syrah, Marsanne and Roussane from Chave
Cabernet Sauvignon from Trevallon
Grange des P̬res: Red:
40% Syrah, 40% Mourv̬dre, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 10% Counoise.
Fermented in stainless, aged In barrique. Wines are vinified and aged separately, blended just before bottling.
Grage des P̬res: White
80% Roussane, 10% Marsanne, 10% Chardonnay.
Fermented in stainless, aged in demi-muids. Wines are blended before ML and elevage.
Where is Mas Jullien? When was it founded?
Terrasses du Larzac, founded 1985 by Olivier Jullien
Mas Jullien: Farming
Organic, not certified
Mas Jullien: Focus
Blending of grapes across multiple terroirs to create compleity and balance.
Mas Jullien: Soils
15ha on the plateau du Larzac, up to 900M elevation.
Limestone, schist, clay, alluvials
Mas Jullien: White
VDP H̩rault Blanc.
Clairette, Carignan Blanc, plus Chenin Blanc, Roussanne, Grenache Blanc.
Mas Jullien: Reds
Coteaux du Languedoc Rouge, Les Etats d'Ame: young vines/experimental cuv̩e, intended to be drunk earlier. Grenache, plus Syrah, Cinsault, Carignan.
Coteaux du Languedoc Rouge, Mas Jullien: flagship. Mourv̬dre, Syrah, Carignan.
All wines vinified in stainless and raised in barrel, either demi-muid or foudre.
Gauby: Location and soils
The town of Calce, in C̫tes de Rousillon Villages.
Limestone (calcaire, hence Calce) in the north, and schist in the south. The domaine covers 40 hectres of vines and another 50 of garrigues.
Organic since 1996, Biodynamic since 2001.
How are the Gauby wines classified?
Whites are generally IGP, as they contain unconventional cegapes.
Reds are C̫tes-du-Rousillon-Villages.
Gauby makes three tiers of wine. What are they, and what do they correspond to?
They equate to the Burgundian model - village, premier cru, grand cru. Appellation unimportant.
Village: Les Calcinaires (red and white)
Premier Cru: Vielles Vignes (red and white)
Grand Cru: Muntada (first); then Coume Gineste, La Foun, La Roque, La Jasse, Combe de Lloups.
All Grand Crus except Muntada date from Lionel's joining G̩rard in 2008; not made every year.
White: Muscat, Macabeo, Vermentino, Chardonnay
Red: Mourv̬dre, Carignan, Syrah
Cuv̩e Vieilles Vignes
White: Macabeo, Grenache Gris, Grenache Blanc
Red: Grenache, Carignan (pre-phylloxera), Syrah, Mourv̬dre
Old Vine Grenache and Carignan, plus Syrah and Mourv̬dre. Aged in foudres.
Old vine carignan, mostly
Mourv̬dre, plus Carignan
Come de Llooups
Skin contact Grenache Gris.
Where is Roc des Anges?
Montner, in the Vall̩e d'Agly. Founded 2001.
Roc des Anges: Vines & Soils
Old vine Carignan, Grenache (noir and gris), Syrah, Macabeu. Oldest vines planted 1903; 55% between 40 and 90 years old.
Dark, rotten schist
(Montner derives from Monte Negro)
Roc des Anges: White
Les Vieilles Vignes: 70-100 yo Grenache Gris, plus Maccabeu
Iglesia Vella: 100% Grenache Gris from single 80 year old parcel
Both classed as VDP Pyr̩n̩ees-Orientales
Roc des Anges: Ros̩
Les Vignes M̩tiss̩es (C̫tes du Roussilon): single parcel, 100yo field blend of red and white grapes. Direct press, no skin contac.
Roc des Anges: Red
Segna de Cor: Grenache, plus Syrah and Carignan. Young vines.
Les Vieilles Vignes Rouge: Carignan, Grenache, Syrah (50/30/20). 70-100yo vines
1903: Carignan from the 1903 block.
1903 is VDP-PO; other wines are CDR-V
Roc des Anges: Sweet
Passiller̩, bottled as VDT. Old Vine Maccabeu, plus Grenache Gris.
95-100g/L RS, 15% abv.
Domaine de l'Horizon: Founding and Location
Founded 2006 by Thomas Teibert.
Located outside of Calce, close to Gauby.
L'Horizon: Farming and Vines
17ha of mostly old vine (70+ years) Carignan, Grenache (noir & gris), Maccabeu