Flashcards in NM Producers Deck (78):
Where is Krug, and when was it established?
What is Krug Collection?
A late release vintage bottling
Inaugural vintage for Clos du Mesnil
Inaugural vintage for Clos d’Ambonnay
Vintages of Clos du Mesnil produced
1979 1980-1983, 1985, 1986, 1988-1992 1995, 1996, 1998-2000
Vintages of Clos d’Ambonnay produced
1995, 1996, 1998, 2000 (upcoming)
Krug: House Style
Base wines fermented in small oak, ML may or may not occur. Fermented in single lots and then blended. High % of reserve wine - up to 50%
Where is Salon, and when was it established?
Le Mesnil-Sur-Orger, 1905 First commercial vintage 1921
Salon was the first champagne of what style?
Blanc de Blancs
What is the sister winery to Salon? Who owns both houses?
Salon: Cuvees Produced
Only one wine: 100% Chardonnay, aged 10 years on the lees. Always vintage.
Salon Current Release
Where is Pol Roger, and when was it established?
Epernay, 1849 by Pol Roger
What is unique about the ownership of Pol Roger?
It is one of the last of the big negociant houses to remain 100% family owned. They also own 50% of their own vineyards, and have since 1955.
Pol Roger: House Style
Pure expression of excellence in blending; while the vineyard sources are quite ordinary, the results are excellent. Stainless steel and concrete vats only. Double cold-settling of the must (promotes bright, intensely fruity wines). Colder cellars than most in Champagne (retards the second fermentation). All hand-riddled.
Pol Roger: Wines produced
Brut Réserve (equal portions major grapes, NV) Pure (no dosage) Rich (demi-sec, with additional aging post-disgorgement) Vintage: Blanc de blancs, Brut, Rosé Cuvée Sir Winston Churchill (prestige cuvée - PN dominant, named for the prime minister’s fondness for the house)
Inaugural vintage for Cuvee Sir Winston Churchill
What is unique about the composition of Dom Ruinart Blanc de Blancs?
100% Chardonnay, all grand cru fruit, half Côte de Blancs and half Montagne de Reims, which lend weight, vinosity, and a broad, Burgundian character to the wine.
Inaugural vintage for Dom Ruinart? Rosé?
Who owns Clos St. Jacques and Chaudes Terres? What is unique about the vineyards?
Bollinger in Aÿ; used for VVF The vineyards were never grafted post-phylloxera, and are replanted via provignage. They are also planted to 30,000 vines per hectare (as opposed to the normal 7,000).
Bollinger: House Style
Wines are fermented and aged in oak. Reserve wines are kept in magnums, bottled with sugar to keep 1.5 atmospheres of pressure in the bottle, protecting the freshness of the wine.
What contributes to the argued bottle variation in Grande Année and R.D.?
Natural cork for the secondary fermentation, and disgorgement a la volée.
Bollinger: Wines Produced
Grande Année/Rosé (60% PN, 40$ Chard, natural cork, hand-riddled, disgorged à la volée, brut) R.D. (Grande Année with longer aging on the lees; extra brut) Vieilles Vignes Françaises (100% PN, all ungrafted)
Why are the grapes for VVF typically harvested superripe?
Harvest dates are mandated by the government. The vineyard ripens a week early because of the severe pruning on the en foule vines.
Which vineyard used to be used for VVF until it lost the battle with phylloxera in 2004?
Croix Rouge, Bouzy
How much land does Bollinger own?
160ha, or 2/3 of production
Where is Bollinger, and when was it established?
Where is Jacquesson, and when was it established?
Jacquesson: House Style
Fermented in oak foudre, full ML, tendency towards oxidation. Extra Brut across the board on the single vineyard wines.
Where is Philipponnat, and when was it established?
Philipponnat: House Style
Fermented in foudres and pièces, may or may not go through ML. Low dosage across the board.
What is unique about the Clos des Goisses?
South-south facing; very steep. Almost always ripens; only 12 out of 77 vintages were not declared. The wine is aged 1 year post-disgorgement before release; generally drinks best over 10 years old.
Philipponat: Wines Produced
Cuvée 1522 (extra brut, all grand cru fruit, named for the year the family began growing fruit) Clos des Goisses/Juste Rosé
What is Coeur des Goisses?
100% Pinot Noir, 2006 first vintage (not yet released)
Inaugural vintage for Clos des Goisses
1935, as Vin des Goisses. 1959 was renamed Clos des Goisses.
Where is Billecart-Salmon, and when was it established?
What is the difference between Cuvée Nicolas-François and Grande Cuvée?
Same base wine; Grande Cuvée is made only in the most exceptional vintages, and spends longer on the lees before release.
Inaugrual vintages of Nicolas-François and Elisabeth Salmon?
1955 for Nicolas-François 1988 for Elisabeth Salmon
Assemblage and inaugural vintage of Clos Saint-Hilare?
100% Pinot Noir, 1995
Where is Taittlinger, and when was it established?
Reims, 1734 (3rd oldest house), as Forest-Forneaux
What is La Marquetterie?
The source of Folies de la Marquetterie, a non-vintage, single-vineyard cuvée from Taittinger. 55% PN
What is the aging regimen for Comtes de Champagne?
Nearly all Grand Cru fruit from the Côtes des Blancs, 5% in small new oak for 2-4 months, full ML, 10 years en tirage before release.
Who is the largest owner of organic vineyards in Champagne?
Where is Louis Roederer, and when was it established?
How much land does Louis Roederer own?
214 hectares (127 Grand Cru), representing 70% of production
Inaugural vintage for Cristal
1876 for Tsar Alexander II; commercially produced in 1945.
60% PN, 40% Chardonnay, 15-25% in 6,000L foudre, aged 5-6 years in the cellar on the lees and 8mos after dosage. 10-11 g/L
What other wineries does Louis Roederer own?
Deutz, Roederer Estate, Scharffenberger, Ramos-Pinto, Domain Ott, Delas, Chateau Haut-Beauséjour, Chatea de Pez, Pichon-Longueville Comtesse de Lalande, Bernadotte
Where is Charles Heidsieck, and when was it established?
What is unique about Charles Heidsieck NV cuvées?
40% reserve wine is used, with an average age of 10 years.
Charles Heidsieck: House Style
Heavy use of reserve wines, no oak. Toasty, rich, opulent, creamy.
Charles Heidsieck: Aging for vintage wines
10 years on the lees for Millésime 15 years on the lees for Blanc des Millenaires
When and where was Gosset founded, and where is it today?
1584, Aÿ Épernay
Gosset: House Style
All stainless, no ML. Pinot Noir dominant in the NV’s, Chardonnay dominant in the vintaged wines. Very dry, very acid-driven. “Sharp?”
Dosage level and styles for Celebris
Extra Brut for all Vintage, Rosé, Blanc de Blancs (NV)
Inaugural vintage for Celebris
Where is Deutz, and when was it established?
Who is the majority owner of Deutz?
Louis Roederer (63%)
Deutz: House Style
Fine and delicate. No oak. Better QPR on the vintage wines.
Inaugural vintage for Amour de Deutz and Cuvée William Deutz?
Amour de Deutz: 1993 Cuvée William Deutz: 1959
Time on the lees for Cuvée William Deutz?
Who is the largest landowner in Champagne?
Moët and Chandon (1,000 hectares)
What was the original source of Dom Pérignon?
The vineyards owned by the Abbey of Hautvillars, purchased by Moët in the 1820’s.
What are the contemporary sources of Dom Pérignon?
Chouilly, Cramant, Avize, Le Mesnil (Chardonnay) Aÿ, Bouzy, Mailly, Verzenay, Hautvillars (Pinot Noir)
What was the first vintage of DP to be fermented in bottle?
How were the initial vintages of DP produced? What were they?
Transvasage 1921, 1928, 1929, 1934
Dom Pérignon: Style
Reductive winemaking. No oak. Extended lees aging: 8 years before 1st release
First vintage of Dom Pérignon Rosé?
Dom Pérignon: Assemblage
50/50 Chardonnay & PN
What is P2?
“Second Plentiude” - replacing Oenotheque, released between 12 & 15 years, at the “second coming.”
Where is Laurent-Perrier, and when was it established?
Laurent-Perrier: House Style
High Chardonnay. Stainless steel. Fresh and elegant. Saignée Rosé.
Laurent-Perrier: Wines produced
Grand Siècle: NV - always a blend of 3 vintages, 7 years on the lees, manually disgorged Alexandra Rosé: Vintage, 80% PN + Chardonnay
Inaugural Vintage of Grand Siècle
NV, first released in 1960
Who owns Salon?
Where is Perrier-Jouët, and when was it established?
Belle Epoque: Styles
Rosé Brut Blanc de Blancs