Flashcards in Rioja Producers Deck (45):
What does CVNE stand for?
Compañía Vinícola del Norte de España
What is CVNE's flagship wine? What is it named for?
Imperial - named for the Imperial Pint, 563mL or 19oz. The wine was occasionally bottled in Imperial pints at its inception.
It is released as both Reserva and Gran Reserva.
What is the blend on CVNE Imperial?
Tempranillo, plus Mazuelo, Graciano, and Viura
Originally 2/3 Alta and 1/3 Alavesa; today, it is 100% Rioja Alta
What is Viña Real?
Previously a wine produced by CVNE from 2/3 Alavesa and 1/3 Alta, it is now 100% Alavesa, and, as of 2004, its own independent winery.
It is a blend of Tempranillo, Garnacha, and Mazuelo
What are the white wines of CVNE?
Monopole: Viura, all stainless steel
Corona: 90% Viura, 10% Malvasia, semi-sweet, partially botrytized, aged in new american oak.
What is Real de Asua?
A superlative bottling from CVNE commemorating the founders of the estate, aged in 100% new french oak. Not produced in all vintages. First vintage 1994.
What is Pagos de Viña Real?
Prestige cuvée of Viña Real. 100% Tempranillo from estate vineyards. Also 100% new french oak. First vintage 2001.
Pre 1981, how were the wines of Lopez de Heredia labeled in terms of vintage?
They were labeled by time between harvest and bottling - e.g. Viña Bosconia 5 Ano.
What are the vineyards of Lopez de Heredia?
Viña Tondonia (100ha)
Viña Bosconia (15ha)
Viña Cubillo (60ha)
Viña Zaconia (60ha)
What wine is bottled from Viña Zaconia?
What is the traditional label for Viña Tondonia Rosado?
Crianza, although it generally ages at least 10years - has been released as Gran Reserva on occasion.
What is the prime directive at Lopez de Heredia?
Expression of site from year to year, to the extent of taking action to combat the vagaries of vintage in the cellar to preserve the style of each site.
Lopez de Heredia: Current releases
Tondonia Gran Reserva: 1994 (Rojo y Blanco), 2000 (Rosado)
Tondonia Reserva: 2003 (Rojo), 2001 (Blanco)
Bosconia Gran Reserva: 1995
Bosconia Reserva: 2004
Who was the founder of Bodegas Muga, and where did they learn to make wine?
Aurora Caño, with her husband Issac Muga in 1932. Her father was the cellarmaster at La Rioja Alta.
What is the hallmark of Muga?
A commitment to oak, particularly from the 1960's on when oak was falling out of fashion.
There is also a richness and density to the wines on account of late picking.
Modern - new French oak - Torre Muga, Aro
Classic - Prado Enea Gran Reserva, Reserva Seleccion Especial, Reserva
White, Rosado, Conde de Haro Espumoso in white and rosado.
Who owns La Rioja Alta?
There are a number of stockholders, but the bulk of the company belongs to the original five families that founded it.
Where do the names of the La Rioja Alta wines come from?
Named for vineyards named for founding families: Ardanza, Alberdi, Araña
What other wineries does La Rioja Alta SA own?
Lagar de Cervera (Rías Baixas)
Aster (Ribera del Duero)
Barón de Oña (Rioja)
What is the alternative name for the Viña Ardanza vineyard?
Finca La Cuesta (90ha)
What is the alternative name for the Viña Arana vineyard?
Finca Las Cuevas (76ha)
What sales technique was La Rioja Alta a pioneer of?
The special club (essentially a mailing list) called Club de Cosecheros, which enabled its members to purchase a cask of wine direct from the winery and have access for visits and dinners.
What is the difference between Gran Reservas 904 and 980?
904 is aged for four years and named for the year that La Rioja Alta merged with Bodegas Ardañza. Current release 2004.
890 is aged for 6-8 years in barrel and an additional 6 years in bottle, not made every vintage. Named for the year the winery was founded. Current release 2001.
What is the difference between Roda I and Roda? What is their classification?
Both released as Reserva
Roda (previous to 2001 sold as Roda !!) is the youthful, fresh cherry plots, and Roda I is the darker, more mineral, plummy plots.
Roda: Traditional or Modern?
Modern - all French oak, 50% new
vinified plot by plot (bordelaise model)
What is Circion?
A "concept wine" from Roda seeking silkiness and polymerization of tannin in the finished wine.
How did Artadi begin? What was the official name?
As a cooperative of young growers, named Consecheros Alaveses (all in Rioja Alavesa). It was founded by Juan Carlos López de Lacalle. Today it is a private company.
What is El Sequé?
The Jumilla estate owned by López de Lacalle, Agapito Rico, and Jean-François Gadeau (winemaker at Artadi since the early 2000's).
Vino Joven: fresh, unoaked, carbonic
Viñas de Gain: bread and butter, 100% Tempranillo, traditional
Orobio: young vine tempranillo, half screwcap, half tank
Pagos Viejos: A blend of the 3 old vine vineyards
Grandes Añadas: A special blend made only in great vintages.
Viña El Pison: López de Lacalle's estate vineyard, planted in 1945, bottled separately.
Artadi: Single Vineyard wines
El Pison (perennial)
First vintage for the final three 2009 - also go into Pagos Viejos.
Who are the two producers who claim to have been the first to produce wine under Bordelais methods, and when?
Marqués de Riscal
Marqués de Murrieta
Who planted the Marqués de Riscal's cabernet, and when?
Jean Pineau of Château Lanessan, hired by the current Marqués, Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga.
9,000 vines in 1860 (also included some Malbec, Merlot, and Pinot Noir).
What is Cuvée Médoc?
A bottling from Marqués de Riscal of 60%+ Cab Sauv, particularly successful in the early 20th century (discontinued in the 1950's). The 1945 is argued to be one of the greatest wines produced in Spain.
What is Barón de Chirel?
A cuvée started in 1986 by Marqués de Riscal, containing 15-20% Cabernet Sauvignon.
Marqués de Riscal: Production
At this point, over 3 million bottles annually of the basic Reserva; less of Gran Reserva and Barón de Chirel.
220ha owned by the family, and 985ha under contract.
When was Marqués de Caceras founded, and by whom? What is the structure of the winery?
1960's, by Enrique Forner, with Emile Peynaud as consultant. The first vintage was 1970, blended by Peynaud out of the coop cellars in Cenicero. It was released as Crianza in 1973 and immediately made them famous. They do not own any vineyards, but instead buy all grapes on a long term contract.
What made Marqués de Caceras famous?
Modern, innovative winemaking based around freshness of fruit.
Marqués de Caceras: Production
10 million bottles out of 2,300ha worth of vines.
Marqués de Caceras: Wines
Blanco: Joven, Antea Barrica, Satinela Semidulce (all viura plus malvasia)
Crianza, Reserva, Gran Reserva
Gaudium: Prestige cuvee, first vintage 1994. Released in 1996, 2001, 2004.
What is the company name of Marqués de Caceras?
What is unique about Bodegas Riojanas?
They work only with estate vineyards (300ha)
Bodegas Riojanas: Wines
Viña Albina Gran Reserva
Marqués de Murrieta: Foundation
1852 by Luciano Murrieta - first of the modern riojas
What is Finca Ygay?
The estate vineyard of Marqués de Murrieta, 300ha within Logroño, accounting for all production.