Flashcards in English Styles Deck (29):
What is Brown Ale?
Spawned from Mild Ale, maltier and sweeter on the palate, with a fuller body. Low hops aromas and bitterness.
Three Brown Ales
Sam Smith Nut Brown (UK)
Abita Turbodog (LA)
Ithaca Nut Brown (NY)
What is Pale Ale?
Brewed with hard water, enhancing clarity and bitterness. Generally balanced between malt and hops. Originated in Burton-on-Trent.
American Pale Ales tend to be cleaner and hoppier; British Pale Ales are more malty, buttery, and aromatic.
Three Pale Ales
Fuller's London Pride (UK)
Greene King/Morland Old Speckled Hen (UK)
Lagunitas New Dogtown Pale Ale (CA)
Barrier Greenroom (NY)
What is Scotch Ale?
Also known as "Wee Heavy." Long boil in the kettle for greater caramelization. Sweeter, fuller-bodied, higher in alcohol, with pronounced malty caramel and roasted malts; may exhibit tea-like bitterness.
Two Scotch Ales
Oskar Blues Old Chub (CO)
Bellhaven 90 (Scotland - also produces Scottish Ales)
Scotch Ale v. Scottish Ale
Scotch ales are strong beers.
Scottish ales break down into Light, Heavy, and Export.
All see longer boils and greater caramelization.
What is Mild Ale?
Quintessential session beer, characterized by low levels of hops and low alcohol. Breaks down into Dark Mild and Pale mild.
Two Pale Milds
Lancaster Brewery Blonde (UK)
Sierra Nevada English Style Mild (CA)
Two Dark Milds
Southern Tier Dark Mild (NY)
Magic Hat Plus/Minus (VT)
What is Burton Ale?
The original product of Burton-on-Trent (made famous by Pale Ales and IPA). All malt, long boil. Dark, sweet, malty in style. Extremely popular pre-Industrial revolution, but went into steep decline in the 20th century due to the taste for dry, hoppy beers, and heavy taxing on higher alcohols during the wars. Virtually extinct.
What is Old Ale?
Also known as "Stock" Ales. Low attenuated beers with high levels of dextrin. Historically transferred into vats to mature (hence the name).
Dark in color, fruity, vinous, intense malt, sharp alcohol. Vintage varieties may show low levels of oxidation; stronger versions may seem akin to port. May be sours.
Two Old Ales
Founders Curmudgeon (MI)
Fuller's Vintage Ale (UK)
What is Belgian Ale?
Ale brewed with Belgian yeasts. May be spiced.
May be pale or dark; also seen in Strong versions (Duvel Strong Pale Ale is a classic). Begian IPA is an emerging style.
ABV 4-7% for "normal" styles
Strong/IPA ABV 7-15%
What is Stout?
Drier, darker, more full-bodied than Porter. Traditionally British, made from dark malted barley; now nearly synonymous with Guinness (made from unmalted barley and therefore drier and higher acid).
Subcategories include Milk Stout (brewed with lactose, lower alcohol), Oatmeal Stout (smoother, nutter mouthfeel), Chocolate Stout, Russian Imperial (8-12% ABV)
Five stouts of varying styles
Belhaven Scottish Stout
Flying Dog Pearl Necklace Oyster Stout (MD)
Left Hand Milk Stout (CO)
Sam Smith Oatmeal Stout (UK)
Brooklyn Black Chocolate Stout (NY)
Stone Imperial Russian Stout (CA)
Murphy's Irish Stout (Ireland)
What is Foreign/Export Stout?
A style of stout brewed at higher alcohol for a long journey; traditionally found in the tropical regions.
What is Porter?
Originally a blend of an old ale (stale or soured) a new ale (pale or brown), and a mild ale, creating a taste neither new nor old. Fueled the industrial revolution in Britain.
Brewed using pale malt plus black, crystal, chocolate, or smoked brown malt. Generally sweeter and less roasted character than stouts.
Baltic Porters were brewed at higher alcohols for shipping.
ABV: 4-7% (7-10% for Baltic Porters)
Fuller's London Porter
Harviestoun Old Engine Oil (UK)
Lft Hand Black Jack Porter (CO)
What is Scottish Gruit/Ancient Herbed Ale?
Usually a concoction of sweet gale, yarrow, wild rosemary, and other herbs. May be highly intoxicating and aphrodisical.
Basically a category that recognizes the ancient ales.
What is an English Bitter?
An ale with more pale malts and higher hop levels. Low carbonation and alcohol. Traditionally served cask-conditioned (may be seen in bottle). Also seen as Extra Strong Bitter.
ESB ABV: 4-7%
Three English Bitters (including ESB)
Greene King/Morland Brewery Ruddles County
Fuller's Chiswick Bitter
Left Hand Sawtooth Ale (CO)
What is barleywine?
Strong, intense beer, sweet to bittersweet, may be fruit dominant or hop dominant.
American varieties are generally more heavily hopped than British or other European efforts. Very ageworthy - can be cellared for years.
Harpoon Leviathan (MA)
JW Lees Vintage Harvest Ale (UK)
What is Braggot?
An ancient style, dating back to the 12th century (at least). Essentially mead or beer blended with spices and herbs, balanced between honey, malt, bitterness, and sweetness.
Historically blended behind the bar. Modern expressions may or may not be spiced (?).
What is Cream Ale?
Spawned from the American light lage, brewed as an ale but finised with lager yeast or blended with lager to finish. Usually use adjuncts like rice or corn, but may be all-malt. Low hope bittering.
Two Cream Ale
Sixpoint Sweet Action
Anderson Valley Summer Solstice (CA)
What is American Wild Ale?
A belgian influenced style involving the introduction of "wild" yeast, such as brettanomyces, pediococcus, or lactobacillus through old, inoculated barrels, sour mash, or actual inoculation.