Flashcards in Piedmont Producers Deck (50):
When was Mascarello founded, and where is it?
1920, by Giulio Mascarello, Bartolo's father
Fermentation in glass lined concrete
Spontaneous fermentation as much as possible (but not dogmatic)
Aging in botti
Rué (SW of Sarmassa)
Does Mascarello make a riserva?
When was Giuseppe Rinaldi founded, and where is it?
1890, by Giuseppe Rinaldi, the current Giuseppe (Beppe)'s grandfather.
What is Rinaldi Brunate Riserva?
A single vineyard riserva bottling, made only in top vintages and released after 10 years of barrel age. Made by Beppe's father Battista, discontinued by Beppe in 1990 (he prefers the tradition of blending sites).
Who are the "Last of the Mohicans?"
Beppe Rinaldi: Viticulture and Winemaking
No chemicals. Copper and sulfur against fungal disease.
Fertilizing only with manure, for 4-5 years when the vines are young.
Spontaneous fermentation in wooden vats, 20-30 day maceration. Botti only.
Historically, what are Giuseppe Rinaldi's two wines? What vintage did this change? Why?
Cannubi San Lorenzo-Ravera
2010, when the ruling was passed that a bottle can bear a single vineyard name, or none.
Rinaldi wines, post 2010
Brunate (which will include the max 15% allowed of Le Coste)
Tre Tine (Le Coste, Ravera, Cannubi San Lorenzo)
Cannubi San Lorenzo-Ravera v. Brunate-Le Coste
CSL-Ravera is rounder, more succulent, and more approachable earlier. Brunate-LC is more austere and firmly structured, intensely floral.
Presumably the Brunate will continue to be more austere and long lived than the Tre Tine?
Francesco Rinaldi: family relationship
Cousin to Giuseppe. Poderi are entirely separate. Traditionalist philosophy is the same.
Francesco Rinaldi: wines
Who owns Bricco Boschis, and where is it?
Climats within Bricco Boschis
Vigna San Giuseppe
Vigna Colle Sudovest
First in Piedmont to use rotary fermenters in 1993. Today some of the wine sees the old rotary fermenters, and the rest sees new open top tanks with nets to keep the cap submerged.
Some pumpovers to release CO2.
First year in barrique, 15-20% new, then into large neutral cask.
Scavino: top wines
Bric Fiasc: first vinified separately in 1978, and the wine that put them on the map
Carobric (from Rocche di Castiglione)
Bricco Ambrogio (Roddi)
Rocche dell'Annunziata Riserva (La Morra)
When was Giuseppe Mascarello founded, and where?
1881, in Monchiero, outside the boundaries of Barolo. However, their prime real estate is in Castiglione Falletto.
Is Monprivato a monopole of Giuseppe Mascarello?
No, but they own 93%, and they are the only producer to so-label the wines.
What is Monprivato Ca' d'Morissio?
A riserva made in qualifiying years, from a small parcel of very old Michet clone (less productive than Lampia) vinified and aged apart. If good enough it will see 1-2 more years of age in large wood; if not, it will be blended into Monprivato.
Giuseppe Mascarello: modern or traditional?
Mostly traditional - 25 day fermentation, large cask.
Fermentation split between stainless (modern) and glass-lined cement (traditiona).
They do bottle by cru.
When was Cappellano founded, and where?
1870 in Serralunga d'Alba
Who invented Barolo Chinato?
Giuseppe Cappellano (son of founder Filippo), in the late 1800's - anecdotal.
2ha in the Gabutti cru, purchased from a grower named Otin Fiorin in the 1980's (namesake of Cappellano's barolo).
Otin Fiorin Piè Rupestris: 70yo vines grafted on rupestris
Otin Fiorin Piè Franco: ungrafted vines planted in 1989
Both wines aged 3.5-4 years in slavonian oak. Traditional vinification.
Where is Elio Altare?
Rotary fermenters since 1993, regular removal of seeds during fermentation to minimize harsh tannin.
After 3-4 days in the fermenter, racked into barrique (30% new).
Arborina: standard bearer, estate vineyard
Brunate: leased vineyard, 1995-2009
Vigna Bricco: leased vineyard in Serralunga d'Alba (since 2005)
Will produce Cannubi in the future
Where is Giacomo Conterno? What is the relationship to Aldo Conterno?
Giovanni and Aldo Conterno are the sons of Giacomo Conterno. Aldo split off in 1969, and Giovanni continued at Giacomo Conterno.
When did Giacomo Conterno purchase his estate vineyard? What and where?
1974. From 1920 to 1974, wine was made from purchased grapes.
Cascina Francia, Serralunga
All estate wine comes from Cascina Francia; Monfortino is named in honor of the home village.
Giacomo Conterno: wines
Cascina Francia: normale. Aged 4 years in large oak.
Monfortino: Riserva, aged 7 years in large oak. Selected grapes. Not made in all vintages.
Cerretta: debut vintage 2010
Aldo Conterno: winemaking innovation
Moved from submerged cap to pumpovers and limited fermentation and maceration times to minimize tannin. Stainless steel fermentation.
HOWEVER, no barrique, ever, and still using large slavonian oak.
Aldo Conterno: wines
Barolo/Barolo Bussia: Pre 2009, blend of vineyards within Bussia and Barolo. Post 2009 (destructive mudslide), all fruit is from Bussia and labeled as such.
Gran Bussia: Riserva, made in worthy years. 70% Romirasco, 15% Cicala, 15% Colonello. Pre-2005, vinified separately then blended, 35 day maceration; post-2005, vinified together, 60 day maceration.
When was Gaja founded, and where?
1859 - oldest winery in Barbaresco
First vintage for Gaja's single vineyard Barbarescos?
Sori San Lorenzo, 1967
Sori Tilden, 1970
Costa Russi, 1978
When did Gaja declassify the single vineyard barbaresco's to langhe doc?
Varietal blend on Gaja's Langhe DOC wines?
For the Nebbiolo based wines, 6-8% Barbera
Gaja: wines from Piedmont
Sori San Lorenzo, Sori Tilden, Costa Russi
Sperss (Serralunga, Langhe DOC)
Conteisa (La Morra, mostly Cerequio, Langhe DOC)
DaGromis (Serralunga and La Morra, Barolo DOCG)
Darmagi (Cab Sauv, Barbaresco, Langhe DOC)
Sito Moresco (equal parts Nebbiolo/Cab Sauv/Merlot, Barbaresco, Langhe DOC)
Alteni di Brassica (Sauv Blanc, barrique, Barbaresco and Serralunga, Langhe DOC)
Gaia & Rey (Chardonnay, Treiso, Langhe DOC)
Rossj-Bass (Chardonnay, Piedmont, Langhe DOC)
Gaja: wines from elsewhere
Brunello di Montalcino, Rennina, Sugarille
Ca'Marcanda (Maremma) -
Promis: Merlot, Syrah, Sangiovese
Magari: Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc
Ca'Marcanda: Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc
Vistamare: Vermentino, Viognier
Grappa: Sperss, Darmagi, Gaia & Rey
Where is Roagna?
Asili, Pajè, Crichët Pajè, Montefico
Castiglione Falletto: Pira, Carso
vine by vine, previously selection massale
now mostly provignage; up to 75yo piè franco in Castiglione Falletto
Roagna Vecchie Vigne
Other than the wines, what is Bruno Giacosa famous for?
He was a tremendously successful negociant with an exceptional palate, who brought to light many crus that are important today.
When did Bruno Giacosa begin making wine?
1960. First vintage of Barbaresco Riserva Speciale was 1961.
Bruno Giacosa: first single vineyard bottlings
Barbaresco Santo Stefano Riserva Speciale (Nieve), 1964
Asili Riserva Speciale, 1967
Barolo Vigna Rionda di Serralunga (1967)
When did Giacosa purchase his estate vineyards?
Falletto farm & vineyards (Serralunga) in 1982.
Plots in Asili and Rabajà in 1996.
Giacosa makes two lines of wines. What are they, and what is the difference?
Casa Vinicola Bruno Giacosa is the negoce.
Azienda Agricola Falletto di Bruno Giacosa are the estate wines.
Asili, 15-18mos in large neutral french oak
Asili Riserva, in select vintages, 2 years in wood
Rabaja, last vintage 2005 (vines were excluded in the reclassification, so the juice is now sold in bulk)
Santo Stefano, last vintage 2011
Falletto, Falletto Riserva
Le Rocche del Falletto, highest altitude, oldest vines, longer skin maceration. First vintage 1997.
Le Rocche del Falletto Riserva, select vintages, three years in cask