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Flashcards in Provence Producers Deck (35):
1

Who owns Chateau Simone, and when was it founded?

The Rougier Family
1830

2

Simone: Terroir

20ha of vines
Limestone soil
Planted on a natural amphitheatre of north facing slopes on Montaiguet, 500-750M.
The vineyard as it was replanted post-phylloxera exists to this day.

3

Simone: Wines

White: Clairette, plus Grenache Blanc, Ugni Blanc, plus
Red/Rosé: Grenache, Mourvèdre and Cinsault, plus

4

What is the second line of Simone? What styles are produced?

Les Grands Carmes de Simone, named for the order of monks who originally planted the vineyards and dug out the cellars.
White and Rosé only

5

Who is Jean Rougier?

The fourth generation of Rougiers, instrumental in pushing for the Palette AOP (originally titled the Chateau Simone AOP).

6

Trevallon: Foundations

Planting began in 1973 when Eloi and René Durrbach purchased the property.

7

Trevallon: Appellation

VDP Bouches-du-Rhône, as the 1993 legislation for Les Baux de Provence required a max of 20% cabernet sauvignon (est. 1995).
As of 2009, they appellate with the smaller zonal IGP Alpilles.

8

What are the Alpilles?

A chain of mountains dividing Avignon from the southern parts of Provence; backdrop of Les Baux de Provence.

9

Trevallon: Soils and aspect

Rocky Limestone
North facing slopes looking up at the Alpilles

10

Trevallon: Wines

Blanc: 45% Marsanne, 45% Roussanne, 10% Chardonnay, aged in barrique for 1 year
Rouge: 50/50 Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah, aged in foudre and barrique (5%) for two years

11

Tempier: History

Owned by the Tempier family since 1834.
Modern era began in 1936 when Lulu Tempier married Lucien Peyraud. Emphasis in the vineyards was turned back to Mourvedre. Lucien was also instrumental in the creation of the Bandol AOP in 1941.

12

Who is the current winemaker at Tempier, and since when?

Daniel Ravier, since 2000.
In general, winemaking is much cleaner and the wines are approachable younger.

13

Tempier: White Winemaking

Destemmed before crushing
Cold soak pre-fermentation
Aging in foudre for 8-10mos post ML

14

Tempier: Rosé Winemaking

50% Direct Press
60% Saignee
Aged 6-8mos in cuve

15

Tempier: Red Winemaking

Destemmed
Native yeast
Fermented in stainless steel
Aged in foudre for 18-20mos

16

La Miguoa

Highest elevation (270M)
Heterogeneous clay: red, blue, ochre
Earthy, gamey wines
Highest % of grenache, lowest % of mourvèdre

17

La Tourtine

Mid-slope
Homogeneous, rich clay
Powerful, tannic wines

18

Cabassaou

Lowest elevation, protected from the Mistral
Highest % of Mourvèdre - 95%

19

Tempier Cuvée Classique

70-75% Mourvèdre plus Grenache, Cinsault, Carignan
Blend of vineyards across the domaine

20

What is La Louffe?

A south-facing slope in the La Miguoa vineyard, planted to cinsault. Bottled separately in 1987-1989.

21

Tempier Blanc: Cepage

60% Clairette, plus Bourboulec, Ugni Blanc, Marsanne

22

Does Tempier produce spirits?

Yes, Marc de Provence, from La Tourtine pomace.
Aged 8-10 years in barrique.

23

Pradeaux: Origins

Property of the Portalis family since before the French Revolution (1752). Currently in the hands of Cyrille Portalis.

24

Pradeaux: Winemaking

Whole cluster press
Aged in barrel for up to 4 years for reds
Vines under 25 not used for red
Rose is direct press, aged in cement.

25

Pradeaux Bandol Rouge

95% Mourvèdre, 5% Grenache
35yo vines

26

What is Cuvée Longe Garde?

Prestige wine of Pradeaux, made when the vintage alows.
Oldest mourvèdre vines (45yo average)
Made exclusively for Rosenthal

27

Pradeaux Bandol Rosé

50/50 Cinsault and Mourvèdre, younger vines

28

Pibarnon: Origins and location

Established 1975 by Comte Henri de Saint-Victor
Farther inland, atop La Colline du Télégraphe; very high elevation (333M)

29

Pibarnon: vineyards and soil

Terraces of Blue Marl & Limestone, fossil deposits dating 150 million years after those elsewhere in the appellation.
Trained en gobelet.
Average vine age 40 years.

30

Pibarnon: Winemaking

partial destemming (30-50%)
fermented in stainless steel
aged in foudre

31

Pibarnon Blanc

45% Clairette, 30% Bourboulenc, plus

32

Pibarnon Rosé

65% Mourvedre, 35% Cinsault
80% Direct Press, 20% Saignee

33

Pibarnon Rouge

95% Mourvèdre.
Some experiements with small amounts of new oak.

34

What is Les Restanques de Pibarnon?

The entry level rouge, from a single vineyard.
70% Mourvèdre, 30% Grenache

35

What are restanques?

The terraces of Bandol.