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Flashcards in Tuscany Producers Deck (22):

Biondi Santi: Hallmarks of viticulture and vinification

Very low yields - 3-5tons/ha v. 8tons/ha as the legal minimum. No chemical herbicides or pesticides to protect the natural yeast population.
Spontaneous fermentation, resin-lined cement for Brunello and Rosso, Slavonian oak for Riserva. Aging in 30-50hl botti.


Biondi Santi: Vineyards

Greppo: highest altitude, friable marl and schist
Pieri: neighbor to Greppo, both south of the town
Pievecchia and Scarnacuoia: north of town, clay and rocky soil

152ha total.


Biondi Santi: Riserva v. Normale v. Rosso

Riservas are produced in excellent vintages and usually in quantities less than 15,000 bottles, vines 25-70 years old.
Brunello Annata (Normale) are 10-25yo vines, aged 3 years in botti.
Rosso di Montalcino are less than 10 years old, aged for 2 years in botti.


What is Fascia Rosso?

Red Stripe
Special edition Rosso made by Biondi Santi in poor vintages from declassified Brunello fruit.


What estate is an offshoot of Biondi Santi?

Le Chiusa
The vineyards were passed down from Tancredi Biondi Santi to Franco's younger sister Fiorella. The vineyards were included in the grapes from the Greppo estate until 1990. Starting in 1991, Fiorella's daughter Simonetta took over the estate.


Who pioneered the idea of single vineyards in Montalcino?

Giulio Consonno of Altesino
First vintage of Montosoli was 1975 (4.5ha plot)


Who owns Altesino?

Elisabetta Gnudi Angelini of Caparzo Brunello (the two estates had been jointly owned by the Tricerchi family until Consonno bought Altesino in 1970; sold to Angelini in 2002).


Altesino: vineyards

Montosoli - 350-450M in elevation, north of Montalcino proper
Additional vineyards in Castelnuovo dell'Abate and Sant'Angelo in Colle.


Altesino: Wines

Brunello di Monalcino
BdM Riserva
BdM Montosoli Cru. First vintage 1975
Rosso di Montalcino
Palazzo Altesi: 100% Sangiovese, 12-14mos in Allier barrique
Alte d'Altesi: Sangio/Cab Sauv/Merlot, 12-14mos in Allier barriqu
Grappa di Brunello/Riserva
Brandy di Brunello
Vin Santo d'Altesi


What is the name of Soldera's estate, and where is it?

Case Basse, in Tavernelle (central, south of Montalcino)


Soldera: vineyards & viticulture

Intistieti and Case Basse, 320M elevation, southwestern exposure
No herbicides or pesticides
2ha botanical garden to encourage biodiversity (not organic or bio)


Soldera: winemaking

Spontaneous fermentation
No temperature control
Frequent pumpovers
5-6 years in botti


Soldera: wines

Riserva: may be Intistieti, Case Basse, or a blend of both. In rare years, there is a normale. First harvest 1975; first commercial vintage 1977. First riserva 1990?
Intistieti VdT: declassified brunello that was not up to standard, produced in 1985, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992.
Case Basse VdT: 1985 only
Pegasos: 2005 only - one cask of brunello that "matured early"


When did Soldera leave the consorzio?

2013; 2007 vintage (also released a 2006 IGT, along with a 2006 Brunello?)


What is the name of Angelo Gaia's Brunello estate, and where is it?

Pieve Santa Restituta
Tavernelle, next to Soldera


What are the most significant Brunello estates in terms of size?

Col d'Orcia
Il Poggione


Banfi's top wines

Poggio alle Mura: made from the vineyards below the castello, from 3 of Banfi's selected clones. French oak.
Poggio all'Oro: single vineyard, usually riserva


What is Il Decennale?

A special bottling produced by Poggio di Sotto in 2001, celebrating the end of Palmucci's first phase in being a winemaker. Not technically riserva, but raised like one.


Who produces Pianrosso?

Ciacci Piccolomini d'Aragona
Single vineyard wine, aged for 36mos in barrel


What is Caterina d'Oro?

Ciacci's riserva, produced in exceptional years from the Pianrosso vineyard.


Col d'Orcia: Wines

Brunello di Montalcino
BdM Poggio al Vento Cru
Rosso di Montalcino
RdM Banditella: aged in new barrique
Nearco Sant'Antimo: 50% Merlot, 30% Cab Sauv, 20% Syrah. Barrique.
Olmaia Sant'Antimo Cab Sauv: 100% new french
Pascena Moscadello di Montalcino: VT. New barrique.


Il Poggione: Wines

Brunello di Montalcino: Barrique
BdM Riserva Vigna Paganelli: Planted 1964
Rosso di Montalcino: Foudre
Brancato Rosato
Vin Santo: malvasia & trebbiano
Grappa di Brunello