Flashcards in CDP Producers Deck (45):
What properties are owned by the Reynaud family?
des Tours (CdR, Vacqueyras)
Sand over marl and deep clay - no galets
Average vine age at Rayas
Fairly young - some part of the vineyard is replanted every year. The soil is so nutrient poor that vines almost never live past 35.
Pignan v. Rayas
Pignan is made from 2ha in the Pignan lieu-dit, planted in the 1980's. Rayas comes from the oldest vines. Winemaking is identical. Total estate is 12ha, including 2ha of white.
Reds are not destemmed. Fermented in concrete and racked into enamel for malo, then aged in old foudre (450L, 600L, and 3300L).
Whites are vinified separately (clairette v. grenache) in demi-muids and then blended and aged in vat for 11mos.
Previously, whites were aged for 18mos (Jacques?)
When did Emmanuel Reynaud take over from Jacques Reynaud, and what is the relationship?
1997, with Jacques' death.
Emmanuel is Jacques' nephew; he previously was working and vinifying Chateau des Tours, inherited from his father Bertrand.
Rayas: 23ha, 10ha red, 2ha white
Fonsalette: 121ha, 12ha planted to vines
Tours: 40ha total
Red: Grenache, Cinsault, Syrah
White: Grenache, Clairette, Marsanne
CDR Rouge: 65% Grenache, 20% Syrah, 15% Cinsault
CDR Blanc: 100% Grenache Blanc
Vacqueyras: 80% Grenache, 20% Syrah
IGP Vacluse: Grenache, Counoise, Syrah, Cinsault, Merlot
IGP Vacluse Blanc: Clairette
Parise Rosé: Grenache, Cinsault
Réserve: 100% Grenache
Reeserve Blanc: Grenache and Clairette (previously 100% Clairette)
Pignan: 100% Grenache
La Pialade: 80% Grenache, 15% Cinsault, 5% Syrah
Organic since the 1960's
The Beaucastel family's history in Chateaunuef dates back to 1549. The winery as we know it today was established in 1909 with its purchase by Pierre Perrin.
Where is Beaucastel, and how many acres does it cover?
At the north eastern border, just below the bounday of the A7. 70ha within Chateauneuf in the lieux-dits Chapouin and Coudoulet; 25ha outside designated CdR. The northernly location means cooler temperatures and consequently more moderate alcohols than more southerly estates.
Marine molasse (sandstone) covered by alluvials, including galets, with clay and then stony chalk subsoil. The water table varies across the estate, and varieties are planted according to depth of water v. the needs of the variety.
What is Les Sinards?
Beaucastel's young vines bottling, plus the fruit from a leased vineyard in Orange. Red and white.
What is thermovinification, and who uses it in CDP?
Flash heating of the must to very high temperatures pre-fermentation - enhances extraction and also lends a juicy, candied character to the fruit.
Beaucastel, heating red grapes to 80C (176F) for 2 minutes before cooling to 20C.
What is Hommage a Jacques Perrin?
Beaucastel's top wine, made only in exceptional years. Ususally a high % of mourvère, but will vary by vintage (e.g. 1998 was 60% Grenache and 20% mourvèdre). Aged in 1yo demi-muids for 12-18mos.
Vintages for Hommage a Jacques Perrin?
1990, 1994, 1995, 1998-2001
2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009-2012
CDP: 80% Roussanne, 15% Grenache Blanc, 5% others, 10-50yo vines, fermented and aged in 70% stainless/30% barrel (mix of old and new)
Roussanne VV: 100% Roussanne, 75yo vines, 50% 1st pass small barrel. 1st vintage 1986
Styles of wine from Couldoulet de Beaucastel
Red, white, rose
Beaucastel: Cofermentation or Blending?
Blending - most varieties are fermented separately and blended after malo (Feb/March of the year following the vintage).
Féraud family dates back to the 1600's in CDP; wines were made under the name Domaine Féraud until 1987 when the estate was renamed Domaine du Pegau.
18.5ha, reds in La Crau and Pignan, whites in Relanges
Cuvée Reservée Rouge et Blanc, 18mos in foudres for red
Cuvée Laurence: 36mos in old oak, either barrel or foudre
Cuvée da Capo: All La Crau, 18mos in foudre
All reds are 85% Grenache, 9% Syrah, 4% Mourvèdre, 2% etc.
White is 60% Grenache Blanc, 20% Clairette, 10% Roussanne, 10% Bourbelenc.
Cuvée Laurence & Cuvée da Capo: Vintages
Cuvée Laurence: 1983, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004-2006, 2008, 2009
Cuvée da Capo: 1998, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2010
Other than 1998, each year will see either Laurence or da Capo, but not both.
Pegau: one offs
1995: Cuvée Maxim
1997: Cuvée Justine
2003 & 2010: Inspiration, bottled on ly in Magnum
All barrel selections.
What is Cuvée a Tempo?
A new CDP Blanc from Pegau, all organically farmed, equal parts Grenache Blanc, Clairette, Roussanne.
What is Plan Pegau?
Pegau's VDF line
Bonneau: Year established and first bottling
1667. Henri is the 12th generation.
First bottling 1927.
La Crau (2.3ha)
Bonneau: Vines & Vine Age
90% Grenache, plus Mourvèdre, Counoise, Syrah, Vaccarèse. No white.
Ideal vine age is 30-50; prefers vines when they are at their most productive, and distrusts old vine cuvées.
Cuvée Marie Buerrier (very good - named for an aunt of his wife who was a fanatastic cook). First vintage sometime in the 1980's - 1989?
Réserve des Célestins: Grand Vin. First vintage 1927.
Cuvées are barrel selections, often only when ready to bottle. Célestins usually comes from La Crau; Marie Beurrier usually comes from clay/limestone and sandy soils.
Long barrel aging in foudre, demi-muid, and pièces, all at least 10 years old. Extended barrel aging - often 4-6 years.
Very late harvest - looking for ultimate ripeness.
No destemming unless absolutely necessary.
Will declassify or sell to the negoce if the vintage is not up to standard.
What is Bonneau's Cuvée Speciale?
A wine produced only in 1990 and 1998; intended for Célestins, the residual sugar never fermented out.
Vieux Telegraphe: Founding
1898 by Hippolyte Brunier. Estate bottling began in 1900.
Vieux Telegraphe: Location and Vineyards
La Crau, Montpertuis, Pigeoulet
Vieux Télégraphe: Wines
La Crau Rouge: 65% Grenache, 15% Syrah, 15% Mourvèdre, 5% Cinsault
La Crau Blanc: 40% Clairette, 30% Grenache Blanc, 15% Roussanne, 15% Bourboulend.
Télégramme: 90% Grenache, 10% Mourvèdre
Télégramme Blanc: 40% Roussanne, 30% Grenache Blanc, 10% Picpoul
Vinification is the same for all wines. Télégramme is made from young vines and the élévage is shorter by 2-3 months.
What was the previous name for Télégramme?
Vieux Mas de Papes. First vintage for Télégramme 2002.
What is Massaya?
Vieux Télégraphe's Bekaa Valley winery.
La Nerthe: History
May be 800 years old; written documentation dates to 1560.
The château was constructed in 1736; estate bottling began in 1784!
The estate went into decline post-phylloxera and during WWI and WWII. Purchased by the Richard Family and negociant firm David et Foillard (Burgundy) in 1985, the estate is now overseen by Alain Dugas.
Reds are destemmed, aged in equal parts new barrique, foudres, and concrete for 12-18mos.
Whites are destemmed and aged in a mix of tank and new oak barrique for 6mos.
Reds and White CDP are Grenache based.
What is Cuvée des Cadettes?
Prestige cuvée from La Nerthe, made from old vines in good years, aged in 80% new barrique. First vintage 1970 - however, a Cuvée des Cadettes was produced in the late 1800's as 100% Grenache.
What is Cuvée la Granière?
The second wine of La Nerthe, made from the young vines.