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Flashcards in Learning Theory I Deck (13)
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1

contrast the 2 types of associative learning (classical vs operant conditioning)

  • classical: association of a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that naturally and involuntarily produces some physiological response
  • operant: association of a behavior and some reinforcing or punishing stimulus that follows that behavior

2

describe the process of classical conditioning

3

describe factors influencing classical conditioning

  • CS should precede US: CS is a predictor (environmental cue) that something of biological significance is about to happen -- the body is altered
    • click --> milk
  • number of pairings: more pairings facilitate learning
    • however, 1-trial learning can occur (taste aversion)
  • time between CS/US and US/UR; in general, shorter intervals are associated with more effective learning
    • learned taste aversions occur with large interval
  • consistency of pairing: leads to quicker learning

4

5

contrast stimulus generalization vs stimulus discrimination

  • stimulus generalization: responding to similar CSs with the same CR
  • stimulus discrimination: through trial and error, organism can learn to respond only to original CS

6

contrast extinction of CR vs. spontaneous recovery

  • extinction of a CR: CS-CR bond will tend to decay if CS is no longer followed by US
  • spontaneous recovery: following extinction, CR may spontaneously reappear if CS is presented

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9

10

describe conditioned immunosuppression (as seen in rats)

11

describe classical conditioning of chemotherapy in humans

12

describe the bell and pad procedure and what it is used for

effective in treaitng nocturnal enuresis

13

describe white coat hypertension