Lec 22 HIV Flashcards Preview

OS 217 Infectious Diseases > Lec 22 HIV > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lec 22 HIV Deck (28)
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1

Target Cell of HIV

T-helper (CD4+ cell)

2

Target Cell of HIV

T-helper (CD4+ cell)

3

Form of HIV. almost certainly from chimpanzees

Major (M)

4

Primary receptor of HIV

CCR5

5

mutation confer high level protection against infection with HIV

Δ32 mutation

6

CD4 count of an asymptomatic AIDS patient

7

T or F. HIV in the Philippines is driven by MSM

Yes. 1 out of 50 MSM is HIV-positive

8

Prophylaxis for HIV available but only works within ____ hours of exposure

72 hours

9

confirmatory test for HIV

western blot

10

What are the ABCs?

o A- Abstain from sex (if you can)
o B- Be faithful (with an HIV-negative partner)
o C- condoms are 85% effective (if used correctly and consistently)
o D- don’t use IV drugs
o E- Educate yourself about HIV/AIDS

11

T or F. I can't operate if I have HIV

F. There is no consensus

12

detects HIV antibody-screening test, highly sensitive

HIV ELISA

13

T or F. Circumcision increases risk for HIV

F. In uncircumcised males, foreskin is moist and full of dendritic cell process and more targets for HIV to attach to it. In circumcised males, less targets for HIV

14

T or F. Circumcision increases risk for HIV

F. In uncircumcised males, foreskin is moist and full of dendritic cell process and more targets for HIV to attach to it. In circumcised males, less targets for HIV

15

Form of HIV. almost certainly from chimpanzees

Major (M)

16

Primary receptor of HIV

CCR5

17

mutation confer high level protection against infection with HIV

Δ32 mutation

18

CD4 count of an asymptomatic AIDS patient

19

T or F. HIV in the Philippines is driven by MSM

Yes. 1 out of 50 MSM is HIV-positive

20

Prophylaxis for HIV available but only works within ____ hours of exposure

72 hours

21

confirmatory test for HIV

western blot

22

What are the ABCs?

o A- Abstain from sex (if you can)
o B- Be faithful (with an HIV-negative partner)
o C- condoms are 85% effective (if used correctly and consistently)
o D- don’t use IV drugs
o E- Educate yourself about HIV/AIDS

23

T or F. I can't operate if I have HIV

F. There is no consensus

24

detects HIV antibody-screening test, highly sensitive

HIV ELISA

25

T or F. You can get HIV from breast milk.

T. Theoretically yes.

26

T or F. Circumcision increases risk for HIV

F. In uncircumcised males, foreskin is moist and full of dendritic cell process and more targets for HIV to attach to it. In circumcised males, less targets for HIV

27

Drug for HIV that inhibits cutting of viral protein making it non-functional

Protease Inhibitor

28

Drug for HIV that target reverse transcription

Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors