Flashcards in March 18 test 1 Deck (19):
What is Libman-Sacks endocarditis and what disease is it seen with?
Nonbacterial, verrucous thrombi usually on mitral or aortic valve
Late complication of SLE
Name the killed vaccines...
Facial droop means _____ is pooped?
AICA--Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
Paralysis of face
Decreased lacrimation and salivation
Decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue
Ipsilateral decreased pain and temp on face
Contralateral decreased pain and temp on body
What type of cells are seen with asplenia?
Target cells and Howell-Jolly bodies--usually removed by the spleen--nuclei remnant
Why are ACEi CI in pregnancy?
Can cause Potter syndrome --renal dysfunction in fetus
Basilar artery infarct and other causes of damage to the ventral pons causes what?
-Preserved consciousness, vertical eye movement, blinking
-Quadriplegia, loss of voluntary facial, mouth and tongue movements
Due to damage of the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts bilaterally
What are the 2 causes of megaloblastic anemia?
Folate deficiency and Vit B12 deficiency
Folate is responsible for the 1-carbon unit transfer
Folate--no neuro symptoms
Vit B12--Neuro symptoms
What disorder is associated with advanced paternal age and presents with small limbs and normal sized head and trunk? Due to defect in fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR3).
What chromosomal abnormality is associated with coarctation of the aorta?
Turner syndrome --X0
What is used for tx of neuroepileptic malignant syndrome?
Dantrolene or bromocriptine--D2 agonist
What type of leukemia is associated with mediastinal mass?
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
What are the 3 metastases seen with gastric cancer?
Virchow node--involvement of left supraclavicular node
Krukenberg tumor--bilateral metastases to ovaires--abundant mucin-secreting, signet ring cells--associated with diffuse
Sister Mary Joseph nodule--Subcutaneous periumbilical metastasis--associated with intestinal
What is a common finding in peripheral blood smear of a pt with multiple myeloma?
Rouleaux formation--RBCs stacked like poker chips in blood smear
What leukemia is associated with DIC and Auer rods?
Acute myelogenous leukemia M3 type--which is acute promyelocytic leukemia
What translocation is associated with Acute myelogenous leukemia M3 type--which is acute promyelocytic leukemia ?
Where are sarcomas derived from?
What clotting factor is deficient in hemophilia A?
Factor VIII--increased PTT
What clotting factor is deficient in hemophilia B?
Factor IX--increased PTT