Flashcards in March 21 test 1 Deck (16):
What can cause malignant hyperthermia?
Inhaled anesthetics-- Fluranes
Vasculitis associated with HepB infection and has transmural inflammation of the arterial wall with fibrinoid necrosis?
-Presents in younger pt with fever, weight loss, malaise, HA, abd pain and melena
-Also, HTN, Neurologic dysfunction, cutaneous eruptsions, and renal damage
Peripheral blood smear of pt with DIC is most likely to show what type of RBCs?
Schistocytes due to microangiopathic hemolytic anemia
What is another name for acid-fast staining used for dx of Mycobacteria, Nocardia, and Cryptosporidium?
Ziehl-Neelsen stain--carbol fuchsin
What are the risk factors for the development of Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?
Maternal DM--due to increased fetal insulin
C-section--decreased release of fetal glucocorticoids
Dermatitis herpetiformis is associated with what disease?
Pt with normal fluency and comprehension but defect in repetition suffers from damage to what?
Arcuate fasciculus --white matter that connects wernicke to brocas
What pediatric brain tumor has homer-wright rosettes/pseudorosettes--small blue cells?
Presents as localized, single group of nodes and is characterized by Reed-Sternberg cells?
What adult brain tumor found in the cerebral hemisphere that can cross the corpus callosum has pseudopalisading pleomorphic tumor cells?
Glioblastoma multiforme--Grade IV astrocytoma
What disease causes "punched out" lesions in bone, which lead to fractures?
Multiple myeloma is a _______ cell cancer?
What is the most common mutation that occurs with CF and what does this cause a defect in?
deltaF508--leads to defective processing from the ER to the golgi
What 2 tumor markers are often elevated with pancreatic cancer
CA 19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
What is the triad of Granulomatosis with polyangiitis?
Focal necrotizing vasculitis
Necrotizing granulomas in the lung and upper airway