Modalities Ch. 1 + 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Modalities Ch. 1 + 2 Deck (38)
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1

pathophysiology

the disordered physiological processes associated with disease or injury

2

therapeutic

pertains to results obtained from treatment
having medical or healing properties
a healing agent

3

modality

the application of a healing agent

4

therapeutic modality

a device or technique that administers a healing agent

5

physical agents

heat
cold
light
electricity
exercise

6

classifications of modalities

mechanical
cryotherapy
thermotherapy
hydrotherapy
electrotherapy
active exercise

7

mechanical

use of force or pressure
-compression
-massage

8

hydrotherapy

can fall into one of the first three categories
-cold immersion

9

modality selection
-who chooses

who chooses
-physician or treating clinician
-if physician, it is most likely a physiatrist

10

modality selection
-must have...

-correct diagnosis
-definite conception of the pathological and physiological changes associated with the injury
-determine treatment goals
-understand the effects of the modality
-understand indications and contraindications

11

knobology

the study of application without theory

12

10 core goals of rehab

structural integrity
pain-free joints and muscles
joint flexibility
muscular strength
muscular endurance
muscular speed
muscular power (strength + speed)
skill patterns (integrated and coordinated movement)
agility (speed and skill)
cardiovascular endurance

13

structural integrity

healing the damaged body part

14

administrative issues

professionalism
standard of care
documentation
confidentiality

15

professionalism

makes patient more confident in and comfortable with you

16

what does professionalism look like

attire
correct words
-not slang, but understandable
-not talking down to a patient

17

what does unprofessionalism look like?

using a phone

18

why is professionalism important when using modalities

safety

19

standard of care

determined by what another medical professional would find reasonable and prudent to do in the same situation
helps to protect us legally

20

state regulation for ATs

Licensure
certification
registration
exemption

21

electric modality safety

all modalities must be plugged into a ground fault interrupters
-if something goes wrong it automatically stops
should be calibrated annually

22

documentation
-why

Standards of Professional Practice
-BOC requirement that we document everything
legal protection
referral for treatment
communication and quality control
research
traffic patterns

23

documentation as communication

yourself
-help remember a patient's treatment
other healthcare providers
patient

24

documentation as legal protection

injury records are legal documents
1986 court case
-ice pack

25

documentation for research

what has worked?
what hasn't worked?
what traffic patterns are observable?

26

types of documentation

HIPS/HOPS
-history, inspection/observation, palpation, special tests
SOAP
-initial note
-progress note
-discharge note
treatment log

27

confidentiality

HIPAA
-Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
-1996
-protects medical files
-gives patients access to their health information

28

application of modalities

shotgun approach vs. rifle approach
cookbook approach vs. critical thinker approach

29

standard operating procedures (SOPs)

specific guidelines and protocols
quality control
promotes consistency

30

modality application framework

foundation
preapplication tasks
application parameters
postapplication tasks
maintenance