Module 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 10 Deck (24):
0

1a
Define: Prokaryotic cell

A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles

1

1b
Define: Eukaryotic cell

1b
A cell with distinct, membrane-bound organelles

2

1c
Define: Pathogen

1c
An organism that causes disease

3

1d
Define: Decomposers

1d
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms.

4

1e
Define: Vegetative Reproduction

1e
the process by which one part of a plant can form new roots and develop into a complete plant

5

2
Name the five kingdoms we used in our classfication system.

2
Monera
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia

6

3
An organism is made up of several eukaryotic cells and eats only dead organisms. To which kingdom does it belong?

Fungi

7

4
An organism is made up of several eukaryotic cells and makes its own food. It has specialized structures that perform individual tasks. To which kingdom does it belong?

4
Plantae

8

5 An organism is made up of one prokaryotic cell and eats only dead organisms. To which kingdom does it belong?

5
Monera

9

6
An organism is made up of several eukaryotic cells and makes its own food. It has no specialized structures. To what kingdom does it belong?

6
Protista

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7
An organism is made up of one eukaryotic cell and eats other, living organisms. To which kingdom does it belong?

7
Protista

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8
An organism is made up of several eukaryotic cells and eats only living plants. To which kingdom does it belong?

8
Animalia

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9
Why can dehydrated food be stored for a long time without worry of it being contaminated by bacteria?

9
Dehydrated food has almost all the water removed, so bacteria cannot survive to grow and reproduce.

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10
Why did people salt meat before refrigeration was available?

10
Salt reduces bacterial growth and reproduction.

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11
When you store food for a long time, why does covering it reduce the amunt of bacterial contamination?

11
Bacteria can be introduced onto food or liquid by dust particles in the air. Covering the food keeps the dust particles off, preventing the addition of new bacteria onto the food.

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12
A member of kingdom Protista can move on its own. Is it part of the protozoa or the algae?

12
Protozoa

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13
Are there any pathogenic organisms in kingdom Protista?

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Yes

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14
Why are decomposers essential to creation?

14
Decomposers recycle dead matter in creation. Without them, there would be no way that the materials in dead organisms could be used again by living organisms.

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15
Are all members of kingdom Fungi made of many cells? If not, give an example of a single-celled member of kingdom Fungi.

14
NO yeast is a single-celled fungus.

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16
Icebergs are dangerous to ships because the visible part of an iceberg is actually very small. Most of an iceberg is underwater where it cannot be seen. How is a mushroom like an iceberg.

16
Like an iceberg, a mushroom is very small on the top yet much more important and impressive underground.

20

17
What is the main part of the mushroom: the cap, the stalk, the gills, or the mycelium.

17
the mycelium

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18
A cell has a cell wall and a central vacuole. is it a prokaryotic cell, a plant cell, or an animal cell?

18
Plant cells

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19
What is trugor pressure and what does it do for a plant?

19
turgor pressure helps a plant stand up straight

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20
to which kingdom do people belong?

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Kingdom Animalia