Motivation Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation Deck (22):
1

Drive-reduction theory

Seek to satisfy drives, doesn't explain all drives

2

Primary drives

Biological needs

3

Secondary drives

Learned drives

4

Arousal Theory

Optimum arousal levels

5

Incentive theory

Learn to associate stimuli w/ rewards

6

Maslow hierarchy of needs

Physiological, safety, belonging/love, esteem, self-actualization

7

Lateral hypothalamus

Hunger center, eat

8

Ventromedial thypothalamus

Satiety center, stop eating

9

Set-point theory

Hypothalamus wants to maintain optimum weight, below weight -> slower metabolism

10

Achievement motivation

Desire to master complex tasks

11

Extrinsic motivation

Rewards outside of selves (Money, grades)

12

Intrinsic motivation

Internal rewards (enjoyment, satisfaction)

13

Approach-approach conflict

Choose between two good outcomes

14

Avoidance-avoidance conflict

Choose between two bad outcomes

15

Approach-avoidance conflict

Both have good and bad outcomes

16

Multiple approach-avoidance conflict

Choose among more than 2 options with good and bad outcomes

17

James Lange theory

Stimulus->physiological response->emotion

18

Cannan-Bard theory

Stimulus-> physiological response and emotion

19

Schlacter two-factor theory

Stimulus-> physiological response and mental interpretation -> emotion

20

General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm (high HR, blood to vital organs), Resistance (hormones released to maintain state), Exhaustion (Parasympathetic returns body to normal)

21

Internal locus of control

One controls own fate

22

External locus of control

One doesn't control own fate