Personality Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Deck (25):
1

Type A

Time pressured, easily angered, competitive, ambitious, high risk for heart disease

2

Type B

Relaxed, easy-going

3

Id

unconscious instincts

4

Ego

Negotiate desires and limitations, mediator

5

Superego

Conscience

6

Repression

Block out of conscious

7

Denial

Not accepting truth

8

Displacement

Directing feelings to another object

9

Projection

Feelings towards others applied to others towards self

10

Reaction-Formation

Opposite feeling

11

Regression

Return to earlier comforting behavior

12

Rationalization

Come up w/ justification

13

Sublimation

Channel frustration to different constructive goal

14

Alfred Alder

Inferiority-failure; superiority-achievement, birth order

15

Carl Jung

Collective unconscious, complexes

16

Trait theories criticism

Fail to take in situation, labels only

17

Examples of trait theories

Eyesenck, Big 5, 16 personalities

18

Heretibility

Measure of the amount of variation in a trait given a population due to genetics

19

Somatotype theory

William Sheldon; Endomorph (fat), Mesomorph (muscular), Ectomorph (thin)

20

Criticism of behaviorist

Fail to recognize important of cognition

21

Reciprocal Determinism

Bandura; Person, Behavior, Environment combine to reinforce each other

22

Self-efficacyy

Own ability to get things done

23

Projective tests

Interpretations, Rorschach inkblot, TAT

24

Self-report tests

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI)

25

Barnum effect

People see selves in vague descriptions