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Flashcards in Research Deck (20):
1

Hindsight Bias

After the fact, "should have seen it coming"

2

Applied research

Clear, practical, real-world applications

3

Basic research

Not intended to have real-world application

4

Stratified sampling

Sample represents population

5

Operational definitions

Explain how variable is measured

6

Validity

Measures what researcher wants to measure, accurate

7

Reliable

Can be replicated

8

Confounding variable

Any difference that might affect dependent variable

9

Laboratory experiments

Conducted in lab

10

Field Experiments

Conducted out in world

11

Naturalistic observation

Observing in natural habitat

12

Double-Blind procedure

Takes away experimenter bias

13

Social desireability

Subject's tendency to give answers that make them look good

14

Positive skew

Mean is higher than median (bump towards left)

15

Negative skew

Mean is lower than median (bump towards right)

16

Normal Curve percentages

1 std deviation: 68
2 std deviations: 95

17

Z-scores

Distance of score in units of std deviation (Positive towards right)

18

P value

p

19

Human ethics

Voluntary, consent, anonymity, no significant physical/mental damage, debriefing

20

Animal ethics

Clear scientific purpose, answer important scientific question, humane, legal, least suffering possible