Nervous System/Brain Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Nervous System/Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous System/Brain Deck (29):
1

Acetylcholine

Transmitter, motor mvmt; lack -> Alzheimers

2

Dopamine

Motor mvmt/alertness; lack ->Parkinsons; more-> Schizophrenia

3

Endorphins

Pain control

4

Seratonin

Mood control

5

Breakdown of nervous system

CNS (Brain, Spinal chord); PNS (Autonomic [Sympathetic, Parasympathetic], Somatic)

6

Sympathetic

Response to stress

7

Parasympathetic

Slow down after stress response

8

EEG

Electroencephalogram, measure brain waves

9

CAT

Computerized axial tomography, X-ray, 3D image

10

MRI

Magnetic Resonance imaging, magnetic fields, 3D image

11

PET

Positron Emission tomography, detect chemicals

12

fMRI

function MRI, blood flow

13

Brain Stem/Hindbrain

Medulla, Pons, Cerebellum

14

Forebrain

Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Amygdala, Hippocampus

15

Medulla

Control BP, HR, breathing

16

Pons

Facial expressions

17

Cerebellum

Coordinate muscle mvmts (Tracking target with eyes)

18

Thalamus

Receive sensory signals, send to area

19

Hypothalamus

Metabolic functions, body temp, sexual arousal, hunger, thirst, endocrine

20

Amygdala

Emotions

21

Hippocampus

memory processed then sent to other locations in cerebral cortex

22

Split-Brain patients

Cannot orally say info only presented to right hemisphere, spoken language usually in left

23

Frontal lobe

Thought processes, executive, abstract thought

24

Parietal Lobe

Sensory cortex

25

Occipital Lobe

Visual

26

Temporal Lobe

Sound

27

Turner's syndrom

Single X chromosome

28

Klinefelter's symdrome

Extra X, (XXY)

29

Down Syndrome

Extra chromosome on 21st pair