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Flashcards in Senses Deck (24):
1

Trichromatic theory

Blue, red, green cones; can't explain afterimages or colorblindness

2

Opponent process theory

Red/green, yellow/blue, black/white; explains after images and colorblindness

3

Place theory

Depending on the frequency, different hairs in different locations will respond

4

Frequency theory

Hair cells fire at different rates in cochlea based on pitch

5

Gate control theory

Pain messages might override another

6

Papille

Bumps where taste buds are located

7

Types of tastes

sweet, salty, sour, bitter, umami

8

Vestibular sense

Orientation in space, semicircular canals

9

Kinesthetic sense

overall orientation of body, position, and body parts

10

Absolute threshold

Smallest stimulus we can detect

11

Subliminal

Below absolute threshold

12

Difference threshold

Smallest change to notice a difference

13

Weber's Law

Difference threshold is determined by a proportion

14

Signal-detection theory

Discern info from distractions

15

Top-down processing

Fill in the gaps, faster, prone to error

16

Schemas

Mental representations

17

Perceptual set

Predisposition to perceiving something

18

Bottom-up processing

Features build up a perceptions; slower, more accurate

19

Gestalt

Groups of objects, closure, proximity, similarity, continuity

20

Stroboscopic effect

Flip books

21

Phi phenomenon

Lights blinking

22

Autokinetic effect

Spot of light in a dark room looks like it's moving

23

Monocular depth cues

Linear perspective, relative size, interposition (blocking), texture gradient, shadowing

24

Binocular cues

Binocular disparity (more difference=closer), convergence (eyes move towards center for nearer objects