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Flashcards in Necessary Regs (STAGE 25) Deck (11)
1

91.117 – Aircraft Speed

Below 10,000 MSL
At or below 2,500
Below Class B Airspace?

•Below 10,000’ MSL:
– No more than 250 KIAS

•At or below 2,500’ AGL and within 4nm of a primary airport in Class C or Class D airspace:
– No more than 200 KIAS

•Below Class B airspace or in a VFR corridor:
– No more than 200 KIAS

2

91.126 – Operations on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class G airspace

What direction should turns be made?
When do you make turns opposite standard?

•All turns must be made to the LEFT.
•Make right turns only when the airport displays approved light signals or visual markings indicating that turns should be made to the right.

3

91.127 – Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class E airspace

•Comply with 91.126
– Make all turns to the left

4

91.129 – Operations in Class D airspace

Arrival or Flying Through?
Departing?

What must you establish and when?

•Arrival or flight through:
– Must establish two way radio communications with the ATC facility providing air traffic services

•Departing:
– Must establish and maintain two way radio communications with the control tower
– Satellite airport departure:

•Must establish and maintain two way radio communications as soon as practicable

5

91.129 Communication Failure

-In VFR when can the PIC operate the aircrat and land? (3)

•Communication failure

– In VFR, the PIC may operate that aircraft and land if:
•Weather conditions are VFR
•Visual contact with the tower is maintained
•A clearance to land has been received

6

Section 91.141 - Flight restrictions in the proximity of the Presidential and other parties

No person may operate an aircraft
over or in the vicinity of any area to be
visited or traveled by the President,
the Vice President, or other public figures
contrary to the restrictions established
by the Administrator and published
in a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM).

7

91.143 – Flight limitation in the proximity of space flight operations.

When a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) is
issued in accordance with this section,
no person may operate any aircraft of
U.S. registry, or pilot any aircraft
under the authority of an airman certificate
issued by the Federal Aviation
Administration, within areas designated
in a NOTAM for space flight
operation except when authorized by
ATC.

8

91.144 – Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions.

a.Special Flight Instructions
b.Waivers

(a) Special flight restrictions. When any
information indicates that barometric
pressure on the route of flight currently
exceeds or will exceed 31 inches
of mercury, no person may operate an
aircraft or initiate a flight contrary to
the requirements established by the
Administrator and published in a Notice
to Airmen issued under this section.

(b) Waivers. The Administrator is authorized
to waive any restriction
issued under paragraph (a) of this section
to permit emergency supply

9

91.145 – Management of aircraft operations in the vicinity of aerial demonstrations and major sporting events.

Define and then explain how TFR's are decided (4)

(a) The FAA will issue a Notice to
Airmen (NOTAM) designating an area
of airspace in which a temporary flight
restriction applies when it determines
that a temporary flight restriction is
necessary to protect persons or property
on the surface or in the air, to
maintain air safety and efficiency, or
to prevent the unsafe congestion of aircraft
in the vicinity of an aerial demonstration
or major sporting event.


(b) In deciding whether a temporary
flight restriction is necessary for an
aerial demonstration or major sporting
event not listed in paragraph (a) of this
section, the FAA considers the following
factors:
(1) Area where the event will be held.
(2) Effect flight restrictions will have
on known aircraft operations.
(3) Any existing ATC airspace traffic
management restrictions.
(4) Estimated duration of the event.



These demonstrations and events may
include:
(1) United States Naval Flight Demonstration
Team (Blue Angels);
(2) United States Air Force Air Demonstration
Squadron (Thunderbirds);
(3) United States Army Parachute
Team (Golden Knights);
(4) Summer/Winter Olympic Games;
(5) Annual Tournament of Roses
Football Game;
(6) World Cup Soccer;
(7) Major League Baseball All-Star
Game;
(8) World Series;
(9) Kodak Albuquerque International
Balloon Fiesta;
(10) Sandia Classic Hang Gliding
Competition;
(11) Indianapolis 500 Mile Race;
(12) Any other aerial demonstration
or sporting event the FAA determines
to need a temporary flight restriction
in accordance with paragraph (b) of
this section.

10

91.55 Basic VFR Weather Minimums

Class A:
Class B:
Class C:
Class D:
Class E:
Below 10,000
Above 10,000
Class G:
Day :
Night:

Class A: Can not be VFR in Class A, must be IFR rated and flying IFR with an IFR flight plan.

Class B: 3SM vis. Clear of Clouds

Class C: 3SM vis. 2,000 horizontal. 1,000 above. 500 below.

Class D: 3SM vis. 2000 horizontal. 1,000 above. 500 below.

Class E:
Below 10,000:
3SM vis. 2000 horizontal. 1,000 above. 500 below.

Above 10,000:
5SM vis. 1 SM horizontal 1,000 above. 1,000 below.

Class G:
Day: 1SM vis. Ceiling greater than 1,200 AGL
Night: 3SM vis. 2,000 horizontal. 1,000 above. 500 below.

11

91.215 – ATC Transponder and Altitude Reporting Equipment Use

When must one be equipped?
When must it be on?

•Must be equipped in all aircraft when:

– In Class A, Class B, and Class C airspace

– Within 30 nm of the primary airport in Class B airspace from the surface and up to 10,000’ MSL

– When above Class B and Class C airspace up to 10,000’ MSL

– When above 10,000’ MSL
•Excluding airspace within 2,500 feet of the ground

•Transponder must be on when:
1.The aircraft is equipped with a transponder
2.The aircraft is operating within controlled airspace