Neurologic/Psychiatric Disorders Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step Two > Neurologic/Psychiatric Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurologic/Psychiatric Disorders Deck (93)
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61

innervation to anterolateral leg, dorsum of foot

fibular nerve (extension)

62

vascular supply of midbrain

basilar artery

63

vascular supply of pons

basilar artery and AICA

64

vascular supply of medulla

PICA

65

dorsal column function

vibration and proprioception

66

spinothalamic tract function

pain and temperature

67

corticospinal tract function

voluntary movement

68

loss of spinal cord function except dorsal columns are intact

anterior spinal artery syndrome

69

ventral horn and ventral white commissure affected, flaccid paralysis at level of lesion, loss of pain and temperature one level below the lesion

syringomyelia

70

bilateral loss of vibration and discrimination and bilateral spastic paresis affecting legs before arms

vitamin B12 deficiency

71

contralateral lower extremity and trunk weakness

anterior cerebral artery stroke

72

contralateral face and upper extremity weakness and decreased sensation, bilateral visual abnormalities, aphasia or neglect

middle cerebral artery stroke

73

contralateral visual abnormalities

posterior cerebral abnormalities

74

focal motor or sensory deficits, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking

lacunar arteries

75

cranial nerve abnormalities, contralateral full body weakness and decreased sensation, vertigo, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking, visual abnormalities, coma

basilar artery

76

measures on the glascow coma scale

eye opening (4), verbal response (5), motor response (6)

77

long-term treatment for mania

lithium, lamotrigine, olanzapine, or quetiapine
second line: valproate, aripiprazole

78

treatment for bedwetting

first line: desmopressin
second line: imipramine (more side effects)

79

treatment for adjustment disorder

psychodynamic psychotherapy

80

acute treatment for panic attack

short-term benzo: alprazolam

81

long-term treatment for panic attack

SSRI
second line: long-acting benzo (clonazepam, diazepam)

82

treatment for ADHD

methylphenidate, atomoxetine
second line: bupropion, alpha-agonists, TCAs

83

treatment for tourette's syndrome

fluphenazine, pimozide, tetrabenazine
second line: haloperidol

84

autism-like symptoms that develop after age 3

childhood disintegrative disorder

85

want to hit your wife but you hit a chair instead

displacement

86

unfaithful husband accuses his own wife of being unfaithful

projection

87

IV drug use gets hepatitis C through needles and blames the community for not having adequate control over hepatitis C

distortion

88

patient rescued from a burning building and denies any memory of the event

dissociation

89

feelings of shyness, inferiority
desire to make friends overcome by fear of rejection

avoidant personality disorder

90

excessive need to be cared for, submissive with loved ones

dependent perosnality disorder