Normal Development IV Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Development IV Deck (10):

What are the time periods and key changes in the development of the sugerego or conscience?

1) 1-3 years: child obeys commands to please parents
2) 3-6 years: the child internalizes and adds parent's rules to their conscience


What is superego anxiety?

You start to get this feeling called GUILT when you're about to do something that is against your conscience. So this becomes a new internal motivator for the kid, to avoid feeling guilty.


In late childhood (6/7-11 years) what is the major developmental task?

Establish peer and social identity


What is the 4th Erikson's Life Task?

Feeling industrious vs. feeling inferior. Basically developing a feeling of competency. Occurs between 6-12 years


What is peer identity

Attitudes that shape the rules of child interactions (cooperative peer play), how the child negotiates conflicts, and which parts of the child's self that the child will or will not show


At 7-8 years, there is a gradual transition from ________ dominance to _________ dominance (referring to verbal language development)

Speech dominance to thought dominance
The child learns to think before they speech instead of saying the first thing they think of


What define's Freud's LATENCY PERIOD (age 6-11)

Freud: Child's sexual wishes/actions are in a latent state

However, now we think that sexual actions/wishes are just less blatant than they will eventually be in adolescence


What is the central task for middle childhood (6-12 years). What do you learn at school (bear with me) and how does the source of your self-esteem shift?

EDUCATION. New factual knowledge and new knowledge about relationships

At this point it also becomes equally important to perform well in the world of peers as it is to perform for your parents. Mirroring smiles from peers not just parents.


Between 8-9 there are 2 functions that the superego/conscience begins to perform. What are they?

1. Regulate child behaviors relatively independently of external constraints
2. Obeying your superego gives you positive feedback to continue to obey it. Cause it feels so good to be good.


What is the role of the pre-adolescent "chum" aka friend (8-11 years)

Sharing guilt/shame

This helps to make the child more accepting of their own imperfections