OS T#2: S3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OS T#2: S3 Deck (44):
1

Abrupt onset of a dry cough and decreased SaO2 is consistent with what kinda of disease?

viral disease

2

What is Theophylline used for?

It is a bronchodilator used to reverse airway obstruction.

3

What are signs and symptoms of Theophylline toxicity?

Irregular HR
Feeling Jittery
GI upset
Seizures

4

What is Ventolin used for?

Ventolin is a bronchodilator used in the treatment of Asthma and/or COPD

5

What is Amcort used for?

Amcort is an anti-inflammatory agent used to manage bronchial asthma

6

What is Rinne's Test?

A test for hearing using a tuning fork, the patients mastoid process and their ear. Pt is asked when the tuning fork is louder, on mastoid process or in front of the ear.

7

If Bone sound Conduction (BC) is greater than Air sound Conduction (AC) what kind of deafness is the patient exhibiting.

Conductive deafness

8

If Air sound Conduction (AC) is greater than Bone sound Conduction (BC) what kind of deafness is the patient exhibiting.

Sensorineural Deafness

9

How is Webers test performed?

Hold a vibrating tuning fork on the axis of the head and ask the patient which ear they hear the noise in louder.

10

What structure does the Talar tilt test examine?

Calcaneofibular ligament

11

What structure does the Thompson test examine?

The Achilles tendon

12

What is the best initial pelvic floor exercises?

Stopping the flow of urine

13

What is most important when deciding whether or not a child could use a power wheelchair?

Is the child above 18 mo
Does the child have fine motor control or head control
Does the child have perceptual difficulties

14

What is a good early physical therapy intervention for a person with the early stages of Osgood-Schlatter's disease

Decrease the loading forces applied to the knees

15

How does discal degeneration without nerve root compression present?

Centralized gnawing pain

16

How does discal degeneration with nerve root compression present?

Decreased muscle strength and or radicular pain

17

Why does festinating gait occur?

Pt's COG is too far ahead of them causing them to increase their speed of walking to try to catch up

18

What orthotic device could be used to reduce festinating gait?

a toe wedge to adjust COG posteriorly

19

How do you train fast twitch muscle fibers?

High intensity workloads for short durations (

20

How do you train slow twitch muscle fibers?

Low intensity workloads for long durations

21

What would a patient with a L2 level issue need to ambulate and what distance would they reach?

Reciprocating gait orthosis and Lofstrand crutches ; community amb.

22

What are signs and symptoms of Respiratory alkalosis?

Dizziness, syncope, tingling, numbness, and early tetany

23

What are signs and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis?

Early: anxiety, restlessness, dyspnea, headache
Late: Confusion somnolence, coma

24

What are the signs and symptoms of Metabolic alkalosis?

weakness, mental dullness, possibly early tetany

25

What are the signs and symptoms of Metabolic acidosis?

Secondary hyperventilation (kussmaul breathing) nausea lethargy, coma

26

ABG Norms

pH: 7.35-7.45
SpO2: 98%-100%
PaO2: 90-100 mmHg
PaCO2: 35-45mmHg

27

During the cognitive stage of motor learning how should feedback be given?

Focus o knowledge of results and visual inputs. Learners benefit from seeing the whole task performed. High dependance on visual inputs.

28

What type of feedback is best during the associative phase of learning?

Proprioceptive cues

29

What deficits are present with long term AIDS diagnosis?

Neuro: alterations in memory, confusion, disorientation

Motor: ataxia, paresis, gait disturbances, loss of fine motor coordination.

30

When receiving a referral from a physician what needs to be communicated?

PT exam, treatment plan, and management. This is very important when exam does match the referral diagnosis.

31

What does W sitting cause?

femoral antetorsion and medial knee stress

32

What does the anteriolateral (spinothalamic) tract carry?

pain and temperature

33

What does the Spinotectal tract convey?

Information for the spinovisual reflexes

34

What is carried by the dorsal columns?

Discriminative touch, proprioception, vibration sense

35

Where does the dorsal column decussate?

At the level of the medulla

36

What cluster of special tests has the highest accuracy for SIJ disfunction.

SI gapping, compression, thigh thrust (P4), sacral thrust, and Gaenslen's test. if 3/5 is positive pt is highly likely to have SIJ issue

37

How long after pregnancy does ligamentous laxity continue?

up to 3 months

38

What effect does bright sunlight have on elderly patient's vision?

Bight sunlight and glare significantly decrease elderly visual acuity

39

What is the typical pattern for spasticity in the UE?

Shoulder adductors, forearm pronators, flexors of the elbow the wrist and the hand.

40

What position should be avoided with a in the acute phase of injury?

the dependent position

41

A shortened stride Length on the effective side following hip surgery is likely due to:

hip flexor contracture

42

What is a facilitation technique to get a child to open their hand?

slowly stroke the finger extensors from proximal to distal.

43

What is the proper response to take when examining a patient with a grouping of moles (nevi)

Ask for the history of the moles and examine them closely

44

What are the characteristics to looks at with moles.

A-symmetry
B-order irregularities
C-olor
D-iameter - ( >6 mm = bad)