OS T#2: S2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OS T#2: S2 Deck (58)
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1

What is the result of tight Rhomboids?

Downwardly rotated scapula

2

What is the effect of weak serratus anterior?

Winging of the scapula, downward rotation of he scap during humeral elevation

3

What does the reverse Lachman's test Test for?

It tests for PCL integrity

4

What does nobels compression test test for?

IT band friction syndrome

5

Characteristics of cerebellar dysfunction?

Dysdiadochokinesia, dysmetria, dyssynergia. Greater deficiencies seen at higher speeds and during targeting.

6

L2 Myotomes

Psoas, Hip Adductors

7

L3 Myotomes

Psoas, Quads,

8

L4 Myotomes

Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Hallucis

9

L5 Myotomes

Extensor Hallucis, Peroneals, Gluteus Medius, Dorsiflexors, Hamstrings and calf atrophy

10

S1 Myotomes

Calf and Hamstring , glute atrophy, peroneals, and plantar flexors.

11

Who is a allowed to see a given patients protected health information?

Insurance company paying for the care,
other health professionals working with the patient,
parent/ guardian (if pt is a minor or deemed mentally incompetent)

12

What reduces lumbar compression on the spine most efficiently while sitting?

1)Increasing the chair backrest to 90-110 degrees
2)Using arm rests for support
3)Adding a lumbar Support

13

What nerve innervates the supra and infraspinatus

The Suprascapular nerve

14

What muscle weakness results from injury to the spinal accessory nerve?

Upper Trapezius and Sternocleidomastoid

15

Describe COPD stage 1

FEV1/FVC

16

Describe COPD stage 2

FEV1/FVC

17

Describe COPD stage 3

FEV1/FVC

18

Describe COPD stage 4

FEV1/FVC

19

Name 4 physical findings that can be seen with COPD

1) Cough/sputum production (hemoptysis)
2) Dyspnea on exertion
3) Breath sounds decreased with advantageous sounds
4) Increased RR
5) Weight loss
6) Barreled chest
7) Cyanosis
8) Clubbing

20

When is barreled chest seen

COPD Gold stage 4

21

What are the side effects of Lyrica?

Heart failure, difficulty walking long distances, lymphedema

22

What is Lyrica used for?

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury.

23

What does Yergason's test examine?

If the transverse ligament for the biceps are intact

24

What does Neer's Impingement test examine? and how is it performed?

Impingement of the rotator cuff; While scapular rotation is prevented with one hand, the arm of the patient is forced to elevate in a scapular range of motion. The test is positive if pain occurs.

25

What does the Clunk test examine?

A tear of the glenoid labrum

26

What does the Drop arm test examine?

Assesses whether the rotator cuff is intact

27

What does the empty can test examine?

Rotator cuff integrity specifically the supraspinatus

28

What is an cause for IMMEDIATE termination of an exercise after a pt has had an MI

>1.0 mm downward slope of ST segment which represents myocardial ischemia

29

What is the earliest that a child can be given a power wheel chair?

18 months but it depends on the cognitive ability of the child.

30

What impairments exist with down syndrome?

Hypotonia
Decreased muscle contractile force
Congenital heart defects
Visual an hearing losses
Atlanto-axial dislocations secondary to transverse ligament laxity
Cognitive deficit