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Flashcards in Pediatric Deck (14):
1

How often is the APGAR test administered?

1, 5, 10 minutes after birth

2

What are the 5 items of the APGAR test?

Activity (muscle tone)
Pulse (HR)
Grimace (reflex irritability)
Appearance (skin color)
Respiration

3

What is a good score on the APGAR test?

Each section can range from 0-2,
A 7 is a good score

4

What is the TIMP?

Test of motor performance for infants from 32 weeks gestation to 3.5 months post term. It evaluates spontaneous and elicited movements.

5

Main Points Flexor Withdrawal?

baby withdraws limb from noxious stimuli
integrates at 0-2 months

6

Main Points Galant?

Stroke along paravertebrals causes ipsilateral lateral trunk flex
integrated at 0-2 months

7

Main Points Moro reflex?

sudden ext of neck results in baby UE grasping motion
integrates 0-4 months

8

Main Points Primary standing reaction?

Infant supported in standing LE ext. If this persists it will hinder walking by preventing disassociation of flexion and extension.
integrates at 1 month

9

Level 1 of gross motor classification for cerebral palsy

Walk without restrictions, limitations in more advanced gross motor skills

10

Level 2 of gross motor classification for cerebral palsy

Walk without assistive device, limitations in walking outdoors and in the community

11

Level 3 of gross motor classification for cerebral palsy

Walk with assistive mobility devices, limitations in walking out doors and in the community

12

Level 4 of gross motor classification for cerebral palsy

Self-mobility with limitations, children are transported or use power mobility outdoors and in the community

13

Level 5 of gross motor classification for cerebral palsy

Self-mobility is severely limited, even with the use of assistive technology.

14

What does an APGAR score below 3 at 10- 30 mins show?

An Apgar score that remains below 3 at later times—such as 10, 15, or 30 minutes—may indicate longer-term neurological damage, including a small but significant increase in the risk of cerebral palsy.