Academic test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Academic test 2 Deck (44):
1

what aspects of gait increase as you age (stride length, step length, width of base of support,stance time, single limb and double limb support time, cadence, and speed)

stride length
step length
single limb support time
speed

2

what aspects of gait decrease as you age (stride length, step length, width of base of support,stance time, single limb and double limb support time, cadence, and speed)

base of support
double limb support time
cadence

3

what is the definition of cadence

Cadence is defined as the number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time

4

how could you test the ability of a person to use somatosensory information for balance (aka stress everything but somatosensory)

Tilt head
close eyes

5

how could you test the ability of a person to use vestibular information for balance (aka stress everything but vestibular system)

close eyes
stand on foam

6

how could you test the ability of a person to use visual information for balance (aka stress everything but visual system)

stand on foam
tilt head

7

What are some ways to assess whether there is a blockage in an artery

take the pulse of a distal artery

8

name the pulses that are available to be tested

Temporal
Carotid
Brachial
Radial
Femoral
Popliteal
Posterior tibialis
Dorsalis Pedis

9

how do you obtain an ABI score

take the blood pressure at the ankle and the arm and use the systolic of the ankle/ systolic of the arm

10

what are normal ABI scores

>1.4 = Calcification/ vessel hardening
1.0-1.4 = Normal
0.9-1.0 = Acceptable
0.8-0.9 = Some Arterial Disease
0.5-0.8 = Moderate Arterial Disease
<0.4 = Severe Arterial Disease

11

what are Beta-blockers effects on HR

Beta-blockers decrease HR

12

What is arthrodesis

Arthrodesis, also known as artificial ankylosis or syndesis, is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones via surgery.

13

Musculoskeletal portion of the systems review covers:

Symmetry
Range of Motion
Strength
Height
Weight

14

Integumentary portion of the systems review covers:

Pliability (texture)
Presence of Scar Formation
Skin Color
Skin Integrity

15

Cardiovascular portion of the systems review covers:

Heart Rate
Heart Rhythm
Respiratory Rate
Blood Pressure
Edema
(also read an EKG)

16

Neurological portion of the systems review covers:

Coordinated Movement
- Balance
- Gait
- Locomotion
- Transfers
- Transition
Motor Function
- Motor Control
- Motor Learning

17

What is Asthenia?

Generalized weakness due to a cerebellar pathology

18

What is Ataxia?

poor coordination

19

What is Apraxia?

poor motor planning

20

How can you test for Dysdiadochokinesia?

rapid alternating movements aka finger to nose, tapping feet, flipping hands

21

What is dysmetria?

improper ability to judge distance

22

How do you test for Dysmetria?

asking person to target and touch an object or thing repeatedly

23

What is Rhabdomyolysis?

Rhabdomyolysis is a condition where breakdown of striated muscle fibers leads to the release of myoglobin into the bloodstream. Myoglobin is harmful to the kidneys and can often lead to kidney damage. Rhabdomyolysis occurs with damage to skeletal muscle tissue, particularly following injury.

24

What is a common sign of Rhabdomyolysis?

Dark, red, or cola-colored urine
Decreased urine output
General weakness
Muscle stiffness or aching (myalgia)
Muscle tenderness
Weakness of the affected muscles

25

how can you increase the amount of force needed to push a wheelchair

move the wheel axis posterior

26

how can you increase the maneuverability of a wheelchair?

move the wheel axis closer to the casters, this decreases the turning radius of the wheelchair.

27

how do you make it easier to perform a wheelie in a wheelchair

move the wheel axis anteriorly

28

why does moving the wheel axis of a wheelchair posteriorly increase the difficulty of performing a wheelie?

it is more difficult to get enough body mass behind the fulcrum point of the wheelie (the axis)

29

why does moving the wheel axis of a wheelchair posteriorly increase the difficulty of performing a wheelie?

it is more difficult to get enough body mass behind the fulcrum point of the wheelie (the axis)

30

doorway specifications for W/C

Width: 32 in
Depth: 24 in

31

ramp width

min of 36 inches wide

32

ramp grade

12 inches of run for every inch of rise or 8.3% grade

33

muscular innervations of the radial nerve

brachioradialis
triceps
supinator
wrist extensors
anconeus

34

muscular innervations of the Axillary nerve

Deltoid
Teres Minor

35

muscular innervations of the Thoracodorsal

Lattissimus dorsi

36

muscular innervations of the Upper scapular

Subscapularis

37

muscular innervations of the Lower scapular

Teres Major
Subscapularis

38

muscular innervations of the Ulnar

Flexor Capi ulnaris
Flexor digitorum profundus
most of the small muscles of the hand

39

muscular innervations of the medial pectoral

Pectoralis major
pectoralis minor

40

muscular innervations of the Lateral pecotral

pectoralis Major clavicular head

41

muscular innervations of the musculocutanius

coracobrachialis
biceps brachii
brachialis

42

muscular innervations of the suprascapular nerve

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus

43

muscular innervations of the nerve to sublavius

subclavius

44

muscular innervations of the Long thoracic

serratus anterior