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Micro Exam #2 > Other > Flashcards

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1

Don't forget to look over viral diseases again.

Otherwise you'll look like a fucking dumbass

2

How should pediatric patients be weighed?

naked.

3

Biggest problem in medical incidents?

Follow-Up -- Reassessment

4

Treatment for MRSA?

Bactrim DS twice a day
Bleach Baths (3-5mL bleech/gallon H2O) twice daily

5

Risk factors for MRSA? (4)

Cystic Fibrosis
Trach. tube
Healthcare facility exposure (Long-term care, surgery, work)
Antibiotic Exposures

6

Risk factors for CA MRSA?

Illegal Drugs
High Contact Activity (Sports, Sex, Lap Dancing)
Tattooing
Surgery
Breast milk

7

If Bacitracin is more effective against MRSA, why would you prescribe Clindamycin instead?

Clindamycin is better if people tend to miss doses

8

What physical activity will drastically improve MRSA recovery?

Drainage of Abscess

9

What should you do whenever you come up against MRSA?

Send specimen for culture, ask for susceptibility testing

10

What scan would you use to detect MRSA infections in a joint?

MRI

11

Why do you give pertussis patients Antibiotics even through it is a toxin mediated disease?

It may decrease the infectivity

It also makes patients feel better

12

If you diagnose a patient with pertussis, who do you immediately need to contact and test?

Everyone in your waiting room.

13

What might diminish the efficacy of Pertussis PCR testing?

if Pertussis vaccination is given in office

14

Why are pregnant women given pertussis vaccines?

So they can pass on immunity to infants for the time before they get their first vaccination

15

What is commonly seen in the skin of N. meningitis patients?

Looks like blood is coming through skin on chest

16

Heightened WBC, Neutrophils, and Band are consistent with...

Bacterial Infection

17

Who is someone you should never give a meningococcal vaccine to?

Someone who has had Guillian-Barre syndrome

18

If a person is symptom free, but has been exposed to meningococcus, what should you do?

Rifampin
Ceftriaxone (Usually just this)
Ciprofloxacin

19

Why might people prever to avoid the Menveo vaccine?

It comes with 2 vials to mix and inject --> increased likelihood of human error

20

What should you never give a rotavirus patient?

Phenergan -- Can cause cardiac arrythmia

21

Does the Rotarix vaccine prevent illness?

No, is decreases severity and hospitalization

22

#1 cause of diarrhea in America

Norovirus

23

You should avoid treatment for RSV until the patient is....

sick enough to be hospitalized

24

How do you treat Group B Strep?

Ampicilin and Gentamycin

25

Currently recommended pneumococcal vaccine?

Prevnar 13
GaZing-GaZing-GaZing

26

Problem with bronchoscopy cultures?

They can accidently get oral colonies on them

27

What type of cultures are you most prone to use? Exception to this rule?

Blood Cultures
Sputum may be useful in especially bad cases or in cases with compicating factors (AIDS, breathing machine, etc.)

28

Fungus that is especially common in Indiana.
How is it diagnosed?

Histoplasmosis
Serology

29

Who is most prone to have a Histoplasmosis problem?

IC patients

30

Short term concern about inappropriate antibiotic use?

May open the door for C. difficile
Can cause colon loss or death