Pastest Flashcards Preview

Neuro > Pastest > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pastest Deck (114)
Loading flashcards...
1

cranial nerve that passes through rotundum

maxillary division of trigeminal

2

innervates parotid

glossopharyngeal

3

innervates lateral gaze

abducens

4

superior oblique is innervated by

trochlear

5

laryngeal muscles are innervated by

branches of the vagus

6

only part of laryngeal muscles not innervated by recurrent laryngeal branch of vagus

cricothyroid - by external laryngeal nerve

7

innervates the anterior 2/3rd of tongue

facial

8

innervates posterior 1/3 of tongue

glossopharyngeal

9

unilateral headache > 50 yrs

temporal arteritis

10

first line investigation for temporal arteritis

ESR

11

age when migraines first present

young woman/man

12

why no COCP in migraine

oestrogen precipitates migrane

13

raised ICP will have what symptoms

morning headaches and postural (leaning forward)

14

triad of parkinson

- resting tremor
- rigidity
- bradykinesia

15

pathophysiology of parkinsons

neurodegeneration and deposition of inclusion bodies in v pars compact of the substantianigra (midbrain) causing disruption/loss of dopaminergic transmission in basal ganglia

16

parkinson signs distribution: symmetric or asymmetric

asymmetrical

17

therapy given in parkinson

levodopa (L-dopa)

18

non 'triad' symptoms of parkinson

stooped posture
shuffling gate
reduced arm swing
monotone voice --> slurring dysarthria

19

what is normal pressure hydrocephalus

increases ventricle space and CSF without an increase in CSF pressure, usually due to inability of CSF to drain out of brain. Can be a late consequence of subarachnoid haemorrhage

20

who gets normal pressure hydrocephalus

old people

21

symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus

dementia, urinary incontinenece, gait abnormalities (shuffling)

22

molloscum contagiosa indicates what

HIV

23

HIV+ get what type of meningitis

cryptococcal neoformans

24

sudden onset severe headache

subarachnoid haemorrhage

25

most common area of subarachnoid haemorrhage pain

occipital

26

treatment for cryptococcal meningitis

anti fungal: amphotericin +/- fluctosine

27

what type of organism is cryptococcal neoformans

fungus

28

risk factors for subarachnoid haemorrhage

berry aneurism or atriovenous malformations

29

diagnosis of sub arachnid haemorrhage

CT if neg, then CSF

30

3 classical signs of BACTERIAL meningitis

fever, headache, neck stiffness