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Flashcards in Personality and Abnormal Psych Deck (149)
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1

Sheldon

personality defined physical/biological variables

2

Endomorphy

soft and spherical

3

Mesomorphy

hard, muscular, and rectangular

4

Ectomorphy

thin, fragile, and lightly muscled

5

Titchener’s method of introspection

structuralism

6

notion of free will and the idea that people should be considered as wholes rather than in terms of stimuli and responses or instincts

Humanism (Maslow and Rogers)

7

reform to asylums

Pinel

8

Kraepelin

scheme of classifying disorders; precursor to DSM

9

disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur, mental deterioration, eventual paralysis, and death; caused by syphilis

General paresis

10

Cerletti and Bini

use of electroshock for the artificial production of convulsive seizures

11

Prefrontal lobotomies

frontal lobes of the brain were severed from the brain tissue

12

existence of unconscious internal states that motivate the overt actions of individuals and determine personality

Psychodynamic (psychoanalytic) theory--

13

Id

reservoir of all psychic energy and consists of everything psychological that is present at birth

14

Pleasure principle

immediate discharge of energy buildup

15

Primary process

id’s response to frustration; obtain satisfaction now, not later

16

Wish fulfillment

mental image of the object

17

organization of the id; secondary process

Ego

18

takes into account objective reality as it guides or inhibits the activity of the id; aim is to postpone the pleasure principle until the actual object has been discovered or produced

Reality principle

19

Superego

moral branch of personality, striving for perfection

20

Conscience

provides rules and norms about what constitutes bad behavior

21

Ego-ideal

provides rules for good, appropriate behavior

22

Instinct

innate psychological representation of a bodily excitation

23

Eros (life instincts)

purpose of survival

24

Thanatos (death instincts)

unconscious wish for the ultimate, absolute state of quiescence

25

Defense mechanisms

ego’s recourse to releasing excessive pressures due to anxiety

26

Two common characteristics defense mechanisms

deny, falsify, or distort reality; Operate unconsciously

27

unconscious forgetting of anxiety-producing memories

Repression

28

more deliberate, conscious form of forgetting

Suppression

29

person attributes his forbidden urges to others

Projection

30

repressed wish is warded off by its diametrical opposite

Reaction formation