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Flashcards in Pharm Randoms Deck (65)
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1

first line of care for diabetics with HTN

ace inhibitor

2

4 times of sympatholytic agents

act within CNS
act on autonomic ganglia
act on post-ganglionic neurons
block peripheral adrenergic receptors

3

what can clonidine help with

withdrawal symptoms of opioids

4

trimethaphan will

almost never be used, maybe just by anesthesiologist when patient is knocked out

only given by IV

5

1st drug approved for early BP lowering

reserpine

6

B-blockers will not

reduce chance of having a stroke, but a pt with HRN and a fib- 1st line because two birds one stone

7

labetolol is typically

not a first line drug due to so many side effects

8

ace inhibitors help with

angioedema

9

no B2 blockers for

asthma

10

angina

propanolol

11

goal BP reduction

25%

12

best anti HTN drug for pregnancy

clonidine/methyldopa

**treat to avoid pre-eclampsia

13

ACE inhibitors delay

development of renal failure

14

positive chronotropic agent

increases HR via SA

15

positive dromotropic agent

increase conduction in AV node mostly by S and PS

16

remodeling response is also known as

proliferative response

17

low preload

crystalloid
blood

18

bradycardia

atropine
isoproterenol
pacemaker

19

tachycardia

cadioversion
antiarrhythmic drugs

20

dec contract

epi
dopamine
dobutamine
calcium
glucagon
digoxin

21

excessive vasoconstriction

lisinopril
hydralazine
prazosin
carvedilol
nitroglycerin
nitropursside

22

excessive or abnormal contractility

metoprolol
verapamil

23

atropine sulfate avoid in
side effects

patients with glaucoma,

obstructive uropathy, gi obstruction, ileum, toxic megacolon

24

hydralazine is not

useful by itseld

25

aldosterone side effect

hyperkalemia

26

how to prevent chronic remodeling

block effects of aldoserone on cardiac tissue (spirnolactone)

block stimulation of myocardial beta-1 R SLOWLY/GENTLY

block production of AT II or ARBs

27

milk thistle

hepatoprotective by stimulating nucleolar polymerase A -->ribosomal protein synthesis

28

glucosamine

inflammation
osteoarthritis

degeneration of cartilage glycosaminoglycans

adverse- GI, headache, leg pain, edema, itching

29

GIngko

memory and concentration

improves tolerance of brain tissue to hypoxia by increasing cerebral blood flow

30

ginseng

overall health, performance, stamina enhancer--immuno stimulation

improves release of ash--CNS stim and inhib